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Beale, John (bap. 1608, d. 1683), Church of England clergyman and writer on agriculture and natural philosophy, was baptized at Yarkhill, Herefordshire, on 17 April 1608, the sixth and youngest son of Thomas Beale (1575–1620), a lawyer and prominent gentleman farmer, and his wife, ...

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Patrick Bell (1799–1869) by unknown engraver, pubd 1868 (after E. Strachan) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bell, Patrick (1799–1869), Church of Scotland minister and inventor of agricultural machinery, was born in April 1799 at mid-Leoch, in the parish of Auchterhouse, a few miles north-west of Dundee. He was one of at least two sons of George Bell, a tenant farmer at ...

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Biffen, Sir Rowland Harry (1874–1949), geneticist and agricultural botanist, was born on 28 May 1874 at Cheltenham, the eldest of the family of two boys and three girls of Henry John Biffen, headmaster of the Christ Church higher grade school at Cheltenham, and his wife, ...

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John Westby-Gibson

revised by Alexander Goldbloom

Briggs, John Joseph (1819–1876), naturalist and writer on country life, was born on 6 March 1819 at King's Newton, near Melbourne, Derbyshire, the son of John Briggs, farmer, and his wife, Mary Briggs. His parents were cousins, and they lived on the farm at ...

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Buckman, James (1814–1884), naturalist and agriculturist, was born on 20 November 1814 in Cheltenham, a son of John Buckman (1767–1851), shoemaker and cordwainer, and his wife, Mary Bishop (b. 1777). He was first articled to Stephen H. Murley, a Cheltenham surgeon-apothecary, who inculcated in him an interest in science. From about 1835 ...

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Bunting, Arthur Hugh (1917–2002), crop scientist, was born on 7 September 1917 in Johannesburg, South Africa, the elder son (there were no daughters) of Sidney Percival Bunting (1873–1936), solicitor, and his wife, Rebecca, née Notlowitz, a Jewish émigrée from Russia. His great-great-grandfather was ...

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Clarke, Cuthbert (1728/9–1790), writer and lecturer on natural philosophy and agriculture, was probably born in Belford in Northumberland, though his origins are obscure. He spent the early and middle parts of his life in the north-east of England; having left Belford he lived in ...

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Common, John (1778–1868), agricultural engineer, was born in High Buston, Warkworth, Northumberland, on 25 January 1778, the second child in the family of five sons (one died in infancy) and four daughters of Robert Common of High Buston, a millwright and cartwright from a family of skilled mechanics, and his wife (probably ...

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Sir Arthur Thomas Cotton (1803–1899) by Sir William Hamo Thornycroft, 1880 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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A. J. Arbuthnot

revised by Peter L. Schmitthenner

Cotton, Sir Arthur Thomas (1803–1899), army officer and irrigation engineer, was born on 15 May 1803 at Woodcote, Oxfordshire, the ninth son of Henry Calveley Cotton (d. 1837) of Woodcote House, who served in the royal guards (postal service), and his wife, ...

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Dampier [formerly Whetham], Sir William Cecil Dampier (1867–1952), scientist and agriculturist, was born in South Hampstead, London, on 27 December 1867, the only son (he had one sister) of Charles Langley Whetham, manufacturer, and his wife, Mary Ann, daughter of Thomas Dampier...

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Engledow, Sir Frank Leonard (1890–1985), plant scientist and agriculturist, was born on 20 August 1890 at Dartford, Kent, the fifth and youngest child of Henry Engledow of Norfolk, and Elizabeth Prentice from Essex. Henry Engledow was police station sergeant at Bexleyheath, Kent, and on retirement became agent to a brewery. ...

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Eyton, Thomas Campbell (1809–1880), naturalist and agriculturist, was born at Eyton Hall, Wellington, Shropshire, on 10 September 1809, the son of Thomas Eyton (1777–1855), recorder of Wenlock, and later high sheriff of Shropshire, and his wife, Elizabeth (c.1780–1817), daughter of Major-General Donald Campbell...

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Fowler, John (1826–1864), agricultural engineer, was born on 11 July 1826 at Melksham, Wiltshire, one of at least two sons of John Fowler, merchant. His father was a leading member of the Quakers in Melksham. Fowler was at first engaged in the corn trade, but in 1847 he entered the works of ...

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Garrett family (per. 1778–1884), agricultural engineers, came to prominence with Richard [i] Garrett (1757–1839), who founded the business in Suffolk in 1778. Richard came from a family that had been bladesmiths since the late seventeenth century at least. He was born at ...

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See Garrett family

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See Garrett family

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See Garrett family

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See Gray, Samuel