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Ames, Joseph (1619–1695), naval officer, was born at Great Yarmouth on 5 March 1619, the son of John Ames (c.1577–1647). Bred to the sea, Ames appears to have played no part in the civil war but he shared the puritan sentiments strong in the town and on 18 February 1647 was admitted to the congregationalist church led by ...

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Arnold, Benedict (1741–1801), army officer, was born on 14 January 1741 in the river town of Norwich, Connecticut, the elder of two surviving children of six born to Benedict Arnold (d. 1761), a cooper and merchant, and Hannah Waterman King, née Hannah Waterman (1706–1759)...

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J. K. Laughton

revised by Michael Baumber

Ball, Andrew (d. 1653), naval officer, is believed to have been a native of Bristol, but of his family and early life there is no certain account. The first official mention of his name is in early 1648 when he replaced Thomas Bedell...

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Barkstead, John [created Sir John Barkstead under the protectorate] (d. 1662), major-general and regicide, was probably the son of Michael Barkstead, a London goldsmith, and his wife, Anne, daughter of John Downing. His grandfather had lived at Lichfield in Staffordshire and his family was originally from ...

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Beake, Robert (d. 1708), local politician and army officer, is of obscure origins. Having served his apprenticeship, by 1642 he had established himself as a member of the Coventry Drapers' Company. On the outbreak of civil war he raised a regiment for parliament...

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Berry, James (d. 1691), parliamentarian army officer and major-general, was in the late 1630s employed as a clerk in an ironworks in the west midlands. He was a friend of the puritan divine Richard Baxter with whom he shared a house for some time. ...

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Birch, Thomas (bap. 1608, d. 1678), parliamentarian army officer, was baptized on 5 June 1608 at Eccles, Lancashire, the only son of George Birch (d. 1611) of Birch, near Manchester, and his wife, Anne, daughter of Ellis Hey of Monkshall in the parish of ...

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Boteler [Butler], William (fl. 1645–1670), parliamentarian army officer and major-general, was the son of Noel (or Neville) Boteler of Barnwell in Northamptonshire; the Anglican clergyman Edward Boteler was probably his brother. There is little information about his early life but he reputedly attended ...

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Boys, William (1700–1774), naval officer, was born at Deal on 25 June 1700, the eldest son of William Boys (d. 1756?), a woollen draper, and his wife, Jane Laurence (d. before 1756). His parents were devout nonconformists, and Boys was initially educated for the ministry; however, the passing of the 1714 ...

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Breman [Braman], John (bap. 1627, d. 1703), army officer, politician, and conspirator, was baptized on 27 March 1627 at Alton, Hampshire, the eldest surviving son of Thomas Braman (d. 1661), mercer of Alton. He first appears in 1647 as one of the regimental agitators of the ...

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Burton, William (c. 1608–1673), merchant and naval administrator, came from an obscure and probably humble Norfolk family. Nothing is known of his parents. He was apprenticed to a Yarmouth merchant and became a freeman of the town in 1630, a common councillor by 1641, and an alderman in 1649. ...

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Cobbett, John (d. 1657), parliamentarian army officer and Leveller, was son of Ralph Cobbett, a gentleman from Weston, Northamptonshire. John was a Londoner who probably served an apprenticeship during the 1630s, like his brothers Ralph and Robert. In 1642 all three brothers joined the parliamentarian army as officers of foot. ...

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Constable, Sir William, baronet (bap. 1590, d. 1655), parliamentarian army officer and regicide, was baptized on 4 March 1590, the only son of Sir Robert Constable (d. 1600) of Flamborough and Holme, Yorkshire, and his wife, Anne, daughter of John Hussey of ...

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Croxton, Thomas (c. 1603–1666), parliamentarian army officer, was the son of George Croxton (d. in or before 1621) of Ravenscroft, Cheshire, and his wife, Judith, daughter of William Hassal of Burland (or Nantwich), Cheshire. Nothing is known of Thomas Croxton's education. He served in the ...

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Richard Deane (bap. 1610, d. 1653) by Robert Walker, 1653 © National Maritime Museum, London

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Deane, Richard (bap. 1610, d. 1653), army and naval officer and regicide, was baptized on 8 July 1610 in the parish church of Guiting Power, a younger son of Edward Deane (d. before 1653) of Temple Guiting, Gloucestershire, and his second wife, ...

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Disbrowe [Desborough], John (bap. 1608, d. 1680), parliamentarian army officer and politician, was baptized at Eltisley, Cambridgeshire, on 13 November 1608, the second son of James Disbrowe (1582–1638) and his wife, Elizabeth Marshall (d. 1628/9). His brother was Samuel Desborough [Disbrowe], politician and administrator. Their father was a gentleman and owner of the advowson of ...

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Duckenfield [Duckenfeild], Robert (1619–1689), parliamentarian army officer, was possibly born at Portwood Hall, Stockport, Cheshire, the eldest of the seven children of Robert Duckenfield, esquire (bap. 1597, d. 1630), and his wife, Frances (d. 1663), daughter of George Preston of Holker, Lancashire...

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Ewer, Isaac (d. 1650/51), army officer and regicide, was a close relation and possibly son of Richard Ewer of Hatfield Broad Oak, Essex, and may have been related to the Ewers of Pinner, Middlesex, and Cheshunt, Hertfordshire. He was living at Hatfield by 1633, having by that year married ...

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Thomas Fairfax, third Lord Fairfax of Cameron (1612–1671) by William Marshall, pubd 1647 (after Edward Bower) © National Portrait Gallery, London