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Badiley, Richard (c. 1616–1657), naval officer, was formerly a mariner, shipowner, and merchant. Though nothing is known of his origins, he was probably related to the John and Thomas Badiley who figure in Trinity House lists of shipmasters in the 1620s. Bred to the sea, ...

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Brattle, William (1706–1776), colonial politician and army officer in America, was born on 18 April 1706 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, the only surviving son of Congregational minister William Brattle (1662–1717) [see under Brattle, Thomas], of that town, and Elizabeth Hayman (1676–1715). His parents were both natives of ...

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Hutchinson, Richard (b. 1597, d. in or before 1670), colonist in America and naval administrator, was born in Alford, Lincolnshire, on 3 January 1597, the fourth child and fourth son in the family of six sons and two daughters (one of whom died young) of ...

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Benjamin Lincoln (1733–1810) by Henry Sargent, 1806 courtesy of the Massachusetts Historical Society

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Lincoln, Benjamin (1733–1810), revolutionary army officer and politician in America, was born on 29 January 1733 in Hingham, Massachusetts, the sixth of eight children of Colonel Benjamin Lincoln (1699–1771), farmer and maltster, and his wife, Elizabeth Thaxter, a widow. Although his father was moderately wealthy and a member of the governor's council, ...

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Mason, John (c. 1601–1672), army officer and colonial official, was born in England. His parentage and place of birth are unknown. He served in the Low Countries under Sir Thomas Fairfax, who reportedly wrote to him at the outbreak of the civil war to urge his return; in ...

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Minor, William Chester (1834–1920), military surgeon, asylum inmate, and contributor to the Oxford English Dictionary, was born on 21 June 1834 at Manepay, Ceylon, the elder child of Eastman Strong Minor (1809–1867), printer and Congregational missionary of Milford, Connecticut, and his first wife, ...

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Murray, Sir Oswyn Alexander Ruthven (1873–1936), Admiralty official, was born at Mill Hill, near London, on 17 August 1873, the fourth son and the fourth of the eleven children of Sir James Augustus Henry Murray (1837–1915), then a schoolmaster and later first editor of the ...

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Okey, John (bap. 1606, d. 1662), parliamentarian soldier and regicide, was the sixth child and second son of William Okey of St Giles-in-the-Fields, London, and his wife, Margaret Wetherley. The Okey family owned property in London and possessed a coat of arms. John...

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Parsons, Samuel Holden (1737–1789), revolutionary army officer in America, was born on 14 May 1737 in Lyme, Connecticut, the third son of the Revd Jonathan Parsons (1705–1776) and Phebe Griswold (d. 1770). The conversion of Samuel's father from Old Light to New Light Congregationalism during the Great Awakening led to the family's resettlement in ...

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Phips [Phipps], Sir William (1651–1695), adventurer, army officer, and colonial governor, was born on 2 February 1651 at Phips plantation, Jeremisquam Neck, Nequasett, Maine. He was the son of James Phips (c.1609–1651×5) of Mangotsfield, Gloucestershire, and Mary, whose origins are unknown. ...

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Putnam, Israel (1718–1790), revolutionary army officer in America, was born on 7 January 1718 in Salem village, Massachusetts, the twelfth of thirteen children of Joseph Putnam (1670–1723), farmer, and Elizabeth Porter (b. 1674), daughter of Israel Porter. Although his parents were well-to-do, his education consisted of only a few years' schooling. Applying himself to hard farm work, he grew into adulthood as a stocky, courageous, exuberant, fearless, and tenacious citizen. Many stories later were told about his exploits as a youth, all emphasizing his image as a rustic, self-reliant citizen of the soil. In 1739 he inherited from his father's estate ...

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Savage, Thomas (c. 1607–1682), merchant and army officer, was born in England. Although nothing definite can be established about his parentage, he was described by Edward Randolph as 'a gentleman of very good family in England' (CSP col., 9.408). By 1635 he was resident in the parish of ...

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Williams, Sir Edgar Trevor [Bill] (1912–1995), intelligence officer and historian, was born on 20 November 1912 at 30 Maidstone Road, Chatham, Kent, the second of three children and elder son of the Revd (Joseph) Edgar Williams (1877–1938), minister of Ebenezer Congregational Church, and his wife, ...

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Winthrop, Stephen (1619–1658), parliamentarian army officer, was born on 24 March 1619 at Groton Manor in Suffolk and baptized a week later in Groton church, the first child of John Winthrop (1588–1649) and his third wife, Margaret (1591–1647), daughter of Sir John Tyndal...