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Mary Ann Baxter (1801–1884) by Edward Hughes, 1883 University of Dundee Archive Services

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Baxter, Mary Ann (1801–1884), benefactor, was born on 4 May 1801 at Dundee, the seventh child of eight surviving children of William Baxter (1767–1854), linen merchant and manufacturer, and his wife, Betty or Elisabeth Gorell (d. 1804), daughter of Edward Gorell of ...

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Thomas Christopher Calvert (1903–1984) by Barbara Drew Wensleydale

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Calvert, Thomas Christopher [Kit] (1903–1984), businessman and philanthropist, was born on 26 April 1903 at Burtersett, Wensleydale, Yorkshire, the oldest of the three sons of John Edward Calvert (1877–1946), quarryman, and his wife, Rose, née Fothergill (1878–1966). Both his parents were natives of the ...

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Copland, Patrick (c. 1572–c. 1651), philanthropist, was born in the burgh of Aberdeen, the son of John Copland, a merchant. He attended Aberdeen grammar school and Marischal College, Aberdeen. He appears to have gone then to England, and in 1612 joined the ...

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Crossley, John (1812–1879), industrialist and philanthropist, was born on 16 May 1812 in Halifax, the sixth of the eight children of John Crossley (c. 1772–1837) [see under Crossley, Martha], carpet manufacturer, and his wife, Martha Crossley (1775–1854), daughter of Abraham Turner (1747–1805)...

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James Burnley

revised by A. W. H. Pearsall

Green, Richard (1803–1863), shipowner and philanthropist, was born on 5 December 1803, probably in the family house in Blackwall Yard, Poplar, London, the fourth child, and third son, of George Green (1767–1849), shipbuilder, and his first wife, Sarah Perry (1774–1805), daughter of John Perry...

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William Hesketh Lever, first Viscount Leverhulme (1851–1925) by William Strang, 1918 University of Liverpool Art Gallery and Collections

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Lever, William Hesketh, first Viscount Leverhulme (1851–1925), soap manufacturer and philanthropist, was born on 19 September 1851, at 16 Wood Street, Bolton, seventh child and elder son of James Lever (1809–1897), wholesale and retail grocer, and his wife, Eliza, daughter of William Hesketh...

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Macmillan, Douglas (1884–1969), civil servant and charity founder, was born on 10 August 1884 at 12 Cumnock Terrace, Castle Cary, Somerset, the seventh of eight children of William Macmillan (1844–1911), horsehair weaver and alderman of Somerset, and his wife, Emily (1843–1937), daughter of ...

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Albert Mansbridge (1876–1952) by John Mansbridge, 1947 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Mansbridge, Albert (1876–1952), founder of the Workers' Educational Association, was born in Albert Cottages, India House Lane, Gloucester, on 10 January 1876, the youngest of the four sons of Thomas Mansbridge (d. 1911) and his wife, Frances Thomas (d. 1902). The family, active co-operators and Congregationalists, moved to ...

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Mason, Hugh (1817–1886), mill owner and philanthropist, was born at Stalybridge on 30 January 1817, the third and youngest son of Thomas Mason (1782–1868) and his wife, Mary Woolley (née Holden). His father was a joiner, his mother kept a smallware shop, where she sold tapes and gingerbread. During the boom of 1822–5, ...

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Samuel Morley (1809–1886) by Lock & Whitfield, pubd 1882 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Morley, Samuel (1809–1886), businessman, politician, and philanthropist, born in Well Street, Hackney, on 15 October 1809, was the youngest child of John Morley of Sneinton, Nottingham, and his wife, Sarah, daughter of Richard Poulton of Maidenhead. The Morley family manufactured hosiery in Nottingham...

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Orange, James (bap. 1800, d. 1878), author and philanthropist, was baptized on 13 April 1800 in the church of St Mary and All Saints, Chesterfield, the son of William Orange, joiner, and his wife, Mary, née Maw, who married at Chesterfield on 9 July 1792. He had a sister, ...

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John Brown Paton (1830–1911) by Hugh Cameron, before 1884 Phillips Picture Library

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Paton, John Brown (1830–1911), Congregational minister and philanthropist, the eldest of the eight children of Alexander Paton, a shopkeeper, and his wife, Mary, daughter of Andrew Brown of Newmilns, Ayrshire, was born on 17 December 1830 at Galston, Ayrshire. On his father's side he was descended from the covenanter ...

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Reed, Andrew (1787–1862), philanthropist and Congregational minister, born at Beaumont House, Butcher Row, St Clement Danes, London, on 27 November 1787, was the fourth son of Andrew Reed, watchmaker, and his wife, Mary Ann Mullen, who before her marriage taught a school in ...

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Rylands [née Tennant], Enriqueta Augustina (1843–1908), founder of the John Rylands Library, Manchester, was born on 31 May 1843 in Havana, Cuba, one of the five children of Stephen Cattley Tennant (1800–1848), a partner in a Liverpool mercantile firm, and Juana Camila Dalcour (1818–1855)...