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Abel, Charles William (1862–1930), missionary, was born at 509 Oxford Street, Bloomsbury, London, on 25 September 1862, the youngest of three sons of William Edward Abel, a cashier at Mudie's Circulating Library, and his wife, Harriett Agnes, née Dobson. He was brought up in his parents' Congregational faith. After an education at ...

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Ackroyd, Peter Runham (1917–2005), Old Testament scholar, was born on 15 September 1917 at 66 Stone Hill Road, Derby, the son of Jabez Robert Ackroyd, Congregational minister, and his wife, Winifred, née Brown. When the family moved to Harrow, Middlesex, he attended the county boys' school. He matriculated from ...

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Adam, William (1828–1898), carpet manufacturer, was born on 10 June 1828 in Paisley, the eldest of five children and the only son of Peter Adam (c.1798–1861), hand-loom weaver, and his wife, Elisa.

Adam began his career in Paisley, working as a hand-loom cotton weaver and later as a warehouseman. On 16 June 1854 he married ...

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John Adams (1735–1826) by Gilbert Stuart, c. 1800–15 Gift of Mrs. Robert Homans, Photograph © 2004 Board of Trustees, National Gallery of Art, Washington

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Adams, John (1735–1826), president of the United States of America, was born on 19 October 1735, in the north parish (in 1792 named Quincy) of Braintree, Suffolk county, Massachusetts, the eldest child of ‘Deacon’ John Adams (1692–1761), a local farmer, shoemaker, and office-holder, and his wife, ...

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Samuel Adams (1722–1803) by John Singleton Copley, c. 1772 Copyright 2004 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Deposited by the City of Boston

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Adams, Samuel (1722–1803), revolutionary politician in America, was born on 27 September 1722, one of three children (who survived to adulthood) of Samuel Adams (1689–1748) of Boston and his wife, Mary, née Fifield (d. after 1748). Adams inherited his political activism from his father, a brewer and member of the ...

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Alden, Sir Percy (1865–1944), social worker and politician, was born at Walton Street, in St Thomas's parish, Oxford, on 6 June 1865, the third of six sons (there was also a daughter) of Isaac Alden (b. 1834), a master butcher, and his wife, ...

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Alexander Gordon

revised by David Huddleston

Alexander, William Lindsay (1808–1884), Congregational minister, eldest son of William Alexander (1781–1866), wine merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth Lindsay (d. 1848), was born at Leith on 24 August 1808. Having attended Leith high school and a boarding-school at East Linton, he entered ...

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Allan, Mary Miller (1869–1947), college head, was born at 12 Commerce Street, Glasgow, on 12 August 1869, the youngest of the six children of William Allan, a grain mill manager, and his wife, Margaret. Educated at Garnethill public school, Glasgow, and Dundas Vale Training College, Glasgow...

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Allen, Thomas (1608–1673), clergyman and ejected minister, was born in Norwich, son of John Allen, a dyer there. He went to school in the city before being admitted to Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, on 6 July 1624, aged fifteen. A scholar of the college from 1625 to 1629, he graduated BA in 1628 and proceeded MA in 1631. On 26 February 1634 he was appointed to the parish church of ...

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Allison, John Drummond (1921–1943), poet, was born in Caterham, Surrey, on 31 July 1921, the youngest of the four sons of Harry Ashby Allison (1870–1946), a chartered accountant, and his wife, of Austrian descent, Gertrude Jane Mabel Wolfsberger (1877–1961). Baptized Drummond because his mother noted that he had the pugnacious chin of ...

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Thomas Allom (1804–1872) by Thomas Carrick, 1846 private collection

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Allom, Thomas (1804–1872), architect and artist, was born on 13 March 1804 at Lambeth, the second of the two children of Thomas Allom (1770–1840), a coachman, and his wife, Martha Rampley (1771–1861), who were both originally from Suffolk. He was articled to the architect ...

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Henry Allon (1818–1892) by Lock & Whitfield, pubd 1879 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Allon, Henry (1818–1892), Congregational minister and leader, was born at Welton, near Hull, on 13 October 1818, the son of William Allon (d. 1878), a builder and later estate steward, and Mary Allon. He followed his father in apprenticeship to a builder in ...

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Althans, (Andrew) Henry (1784–1855), educationist, was born on 22 October 1784 at Whitechapel in the East End of London. He was the eldest son of Frederick Charles Althans, a corn factor, and his second wife, Margaretta Magdalen Jasper (1752–1789), who was partly of German origin. His mother's piety was commemorated by the posthumous publication of her papers, ...

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Andrews, William (1835–1914), industrial designer, entrepreneur, and politician, was born in Coventry on 17 March 1835, the only son of three children of James and Isabella Andrews. His father was a Scot, a former regular soldier, and small businessman of Coventry. Andrews attended ...

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Anning, Mary (1799–1847), fossil collector and dealer, was born on 21 May 1799 in a seaside house in Lyme Regis, Dorset. She and her brother Joseph (1796–1849) were the only surviving children of Richard Anning (c.1766–1810), cabinet-maker and carpenter, and his wife, ...