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Ackroyd, Peter Runham (1917–2005), Old Testament scholar, was born on 15 September 1917 at 66 Stone Hill Road, Derby, the son of Jabez Robert Ackroyd, Congregational minister, and his wife, Winifred, née Brown. When the family moved to Harrow, Middlesex, he attended the county boys' school. He matriculated from ...

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Allen, Thomas (1608–1673), clergyman and ejected minister, was born in Norwich, son of John Allen, a dyer there. He went to school in the city before being admitted to Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, on 6 July 1624, aged fifteen. A scholar of the college from 1625 to 1629, he graduated BA in 1628 and proceeded MA in 1631. On 26 February 1634 he was appointed to the parish church of ...

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Thomas Allom (1804–1872) by Thomas Carrick, 1846 private collection

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Allom, Thomas (1804–1872), architect and artist, was born on 13 March 1804 at Lambeth, the second of the two children of Thomas Allom (1770–1840), a coachman, and his wife, Martha Rampley (1771–1861), who were both originally from Suffolk. He was articled to the architect ...

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Andrews, William (1835–1914), industrial designer, entrepreneur, and politician, was born in Coventry on 17 March 1835, the only son of three children of James and Isabella Andrews. His father was a Scot, a former regular soldier, and small businessman of Coventry. Andrews attended ...

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Mary Anning (1799–1847) by unknown artist, before 1842 © The Natural History Museum, London

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Anning, Mary (1799–1847), fossil collector and dealer, was born on 21 May 1799 in a seaside house in Lyme Regis, Dorset. She and her brother Joseph (1796–1849) were the only surviving children of Richard Anning (c.1766–1810), cabinet-maker and carpenter, and his wife, ...

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Sir Ernest Barker (1874–1960) by Elliott & Fry, 1939 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barker, Sir Ernest (1874–1960), political theorist, was born on 23 September 1874 at Heald Cottage, Woodley, Cheshire, the eldest of the seven children of George Barker, a miner turned farm labourer, and his wife, Elizabeth Pollitt. The family home was a small cottage on the farm of his maternal grandparents close to the ...

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Sir Joseph Beecham, first baronet (1848–1916) by unknown photographer St Helens Local History & Archives Library

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Beecham, Sir Joseph, first baronet (1848–1916), manufacturer of patent medicines, was born at Wigan on 8 June 1848. He was the eldest of the family of two sons and two daughters of Thomas Beecham (1820–1907), founder of Beecham's pills, and his first wife, ...

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Beecham, Thomas (1820–1907), manufacturer of patent medicines, was born at Curbridge, Oxfordshire, on 3 December 1820, the eldest of three sons and four daughters of Joseph Beecham (bap. 1799, d. 1839), an agricultural labourer, and his wife, Sarah (bap. 1801...

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Bellingham, Richard (1591/2–1672), colonial governor, was the son of William Bellingham, esquire (c.1555–1620), of Bromby Woods, Lincolnshire, and Frances Amcotts. He matriculated, aged seventeen, from Brasenose College, Oxford, on 1 December 1609, but did not proceed to any degree, and entered ...

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Kathleen Mary Amelia Bliss (1908–1989) by unknown photographer © News International Newspapers Ltd

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Bliss [née Moore], Kathleen Mary Amelia (1908–1989), religious administrator and university teacher, was born on 5 July 1908 in Fulham, London, the elder child and only daughter of Thomas Henry Moore, local government officer, and his wife, Ethel Steward. She was educated at ...

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Bradford, William (1590–1657), a founder of Plymouth Colony, was born in Austerfield, Yorkshire, and baptized there on 19 March 1590, the third child and only son of William Bradford (c.1560–1591) and Alice Hanson (1562–1597), both from Austerfield yeoman families.

In early childhood he suffered the loss by death first of his father (July 1591), then of his paternal grandfather (1596), with whom he was living following his mother's remarriage, and finally his mother (1597). At the age of seven he was taken in by two uncles, ...

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See Brinton, Henry

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Dame (Madeline) Dorothy Brock (1886–1969) by Bassano, 1947 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Brock, Dame (Madeline) Dorothy (1886–1969), headmistress, was born on 18 November 1886 at 496 Caledonian Road, Islington, London, second daughter and youngest of three children of George William Frederick Brock, commercial clerk, and his wife, Eliza Jane Wilkins. Sir Laurence George Brock (1879–1949)...

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Bulkeley, Peter (1583–1659), minister in America, was born on 31 January 1583 in Odell, Bedfordshire, to Dr Edward Bulkeley, rector of Odell (d. 1621), and his wife, Olive (Olyff) Irby. He studied at St John's College, Cambridge, where, in 1605, he graduated BA and became a fellow; he proceeded MA in 1608. Ordained at ...