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Asquith, Julian Edward George, second earl of Oxford and Asquith (1916–2011), colonial governor, was born on 22 April 1916 at 49 Bedford Square, London, the son of Raymond Asquith (1878–1916), classical scholar, barrister, and army officer, and his wife, Katharine Frances (1885–1976), daughter of ...

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Barclay, Robert, of Ury (1648–1690), religious writer and colonial governor, was born at Gordonstown, Moray, on 23 December 1648, the eldest of the five children of David Barclay of Ury (1610–1686), soldier and politician, and Katherine Gordon (1620–1663), daughter of Sir Robert Gordon...

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Burns, Sir Alan Cuthbert Maxwell (1887–1980), colonial governor, was born on 9 November 1887, at Basseterre, St Kitts, the fourth son and fifth child of James Burns (1852–1896), treasurer of the presidency of St Christopher-Nevis and member of the executive council of the ...

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Calvert, Benedict Leonard, fourth Baron Baltimore (1679–1715), colonial proprietor, was born on 21 March 1679, probably at Woodcote Park in Epsom, Surrey, the second but first surviving son of Charles Calvert, third Baron Baltimore (1637–1715), and his second wife, Jane (d. 1701)...

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Calvert, Benedict Leonard (1700–1732), colonial governor, was born on 20 September 1700 at his mother's ancestral home, Ditchley Park, Oxfordshire, the second son of Benedict Leonard Calvert, fourth Baron Baltimore (1679–1715), and his wife, Charlotte (1678–1721), daughter of Edward Henry Lee, first earl of Lichfield...

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Calvert, Charles, fifth Baron Baltimore (1699–1751), colonial proprietor and politician, was born on 29 September 1699, probably at his family estate, Woodcote Park in Epsom, Surrey, the eldest son of Benedict Leonard Calvert, fourth Baron Baltimore (1679–1715), and his wife, Charlotte (1678–1721), daughter of ...

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Calvert [formerly Lazenby Calvert], Charles (c. 1688–1734), army officer and colonial governor, may have been the illegitimate son of Charles Calvert, third Baron Baltimore (1637–1715), proprietor of Maryland. The reasons for his former name Lazenby are uncertain, but most likely it indicates a connection with the ...

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Calvert, Leonard (1610?–1647), colonial governor, was the second son of George Calvert, first Baron Baltimore (1579/80–1632), and Anne Mynne (1579–1622), and the brother of Cecil (Cecilius) Calvert, second Baron Baltimore (1605–1675). Charles I granted Maryland, named to honour his French Catholic wife, ...

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Sir Hugh Charles Clifford (1866–1941) by Bassano, 1915 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Clifford, Sir Hugh Charles (1866–1941), colonial governor and author, was born in London on 5 March 1866, the eldest son of Major-General Sir Henry Hugh Clifford (1826–1883) and grandson of the seventh Baron Clifford of Chudleigh. His mother was Josephine Elizabeth (d...

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Connock, Edward (d. 1617), merchant and East India Company servant, is of unknown parentage. He had experience of Levantine trade and politics as secretary to the ambassador in Constantinople. The East India Company was considering expansion into Persia, having gained a foothold at ...

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Cotter, Sir James (d. 1705), army officer and colonial governor, was the second son of Edmond Cotter (d. 1660), landowner, and Elizabeth Connell, the daughter of John Connell of Barryscourt. Little is known of Cotter's early life, though he may have served with the royalists during the English civil war. His first confirmed action seems to have been involvement in an abortive attempt to assassinate a number of those involved in the execution of ...

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Daly, Sir Dominick (1798–1868), civil servant and colonial administrator, was born on 11 August 1798, at Ardfry, co. Galway, Ireland, the third son of Dominick Daly of Benmore, co. Galway, and his wife, Joanna Harriet, widow of Richard Burke of Glinsk, and daughter of ...

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Dongan, Thomas, second earl of Limerick (1634–1715), colonial governor, was the seventh son of Sir John Dongan of Castletown, co. Kildare, and his wife, Mary Talbot, sister of Richard Talbot, duke of Tyrconnell. He and his brothers joined the king's forces 'as soon as they were old enough to bear arms...

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S. V. Fitz-Gerald

revised by Katherine Prior

Fitzpatrick, Sir Dennis (1837–1920), administrator in India, was born on 26 August 1837 in Dublin, the second son of Thomas Fitzpatrick MD, of Dublin, and his wife, Mary Clare, daughter of Dennis Kearney of Pernambuco, Brazil. Educated at Trinity College, Dublin, he passed the final examination for the ...

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Girouard, Sir (Édouard) Percy Cranwill (1867–1932), railway engineer and colonial governor, was born on 26 January 1867 in Montreal, the son of Désiré Girouard (1836–1911) and his second wife, Essie (d. 1879), daughter of Dr Joseph Cranwill of Ballynamona, Ireland. The Girouard...

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Hector, Leonard Churchill [Tim] (1942–2002), journalist and political activist in Antigua, was born on 24 November 1942 in St John's, Antigua. His father was from Montserrat. He was brought up by his Antiguan mother, Mable Hector, whom he always credited with being his role model. He was a Roman Catholic, and his education began at ...

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Hennessy, Sir John Pope (1834–1891), politician and colonial governor, was born on 8 August 1834 in Cork, the third of five sons of John Hennessy (d. 26 April 1867), hide merchant, of Cork, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Casey, butter merchant, of ...

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Katilungu, Lawrence Chola (1914–1961), trade unionist and politician in Northern Rhodesia, was born in the northern province of Northern Rhodesia in January 1914. A member of the royal clan of the Bemba people, he was the grandson of Chief Chipalo and was a kinsman of the Chitimukulu, the paramount chief of the Bemba. He was educated at Catholic mission schools, and was employed as a teacher before going to work in 1936 as an underground miner and '...

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Keon, Miles Gerald (1821–1875), novelist and colonial official, the last male descendant of an old Irish family, was born on 20 February 1821 at Keonbrooke, Leitrim. He was the only son of Myles Gerald Keon (d. 1824), a barrister, and Mary Jane (1787–1825)...