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Article

C. T. Martin

revised by Basil Morgan

Buonvisi, Antonio [Anthony] (1487–1558), merchant and banker, was born in Lucca, Italy, on 26 December 1487, the younger son of Benedetto Buonvisi (d. 1516) and Filippa Cenami. He belonged to an ancient family which was descended from a councillor of the emperor ...

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Carvajal, Antonio Fernandez (d. 1659), merchant, was probably born in Portugal, for in his youth he seems to have lived in Fundão. He may have fled to Spain at some time, and apparently owned land in the Canary Islands. By the early 1630s he was in ...

Article

See Radisson, Pierre-Esprit [called Oninga]

Article

Ronald M. Birse

revised by Christine Clark

Coffey, Aeneas (c. 1780–1852), exciseman and inventor of a still, was born probably in Dublin (though one source gives his birthplace as Calais), the son of Andrew Coffey, the city engineer of Dublin, who was employed in the Dublin city waterworks from 1774 to 1832. He is thought to have attended classes at ...

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Connock, Edward (d. 1617), merchant and East India Company servant, is of unknown parentage. He had experience of Levantine trade and politics as secretary to the ambassador in Constantinople. The East India Company was considering expansion into Persia, having gained a foothold at ...

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Costa, Alvaro Jacob [Alvaro Rodrigues] da (1646–1716), merchant, was born in Lisbon, the only child of Fernão Mendes da Costa (1608–1670), an important New Christian merchant and government official from Trancoso, Beira Alta, Portugal. He was the son of his father's first marriage to ...

Article

Crane, William (d. 1545), musician and merchant, was of obscure origins, but by 1506 he had become a gentleman of the Chapel Royal, for in May of that year he performed at the entertainments given by Lady Margaret Beaufort for King Filippo of Castile...

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Dermot [later MacDermot], Anthony (c. 1708–1784), merchant and Roman Catholic activist, was born probably in the parish of St Michan, Dublin, the son of Christopher Dermot (d. 1727), merchant, and his wife, Mary. No information has been discovered with regard to his education. He married ...

Article

Dillon, Peter (1788–1847), adventurer in the south seas, was born on 15 June 1788 on Martinique, the son of an Irishman, Peter Dillon, probably a soldier stationed on the island. About 1806 Dillon appears to have sailed for Calcutta and he later traded sandalwood between the ...

Article

Duncan, William Augustine (1811–1885), newspaper editor and customs official in Australia, was born on 12 March 1811 at Bluefield, Towie, Aberdeenshire, the son of Peter Duncan and his wife, Mary, née Macdougal. He was educated with a view to being ordained in the ...

Article

Ellis, Thomas (d. 1562), merchant and benefactor, appears to have been a Yorkshireman by birth. His origins were assiduously investigated by several nineteenth-century genealogists, but with limited success, and the most that can be said is that the arms granted him in 1549 suggest kinship with the ...

Article

Fermor, Richard (1480x84–1551), merchant, was born between 1480 and 1484, the younger son of Thomas Fermor (d. 1485), alias Richardes, of Witney, Oxfordshire, a wool merchant, and his second wife, Emma, the daughter of Simkins Harvey of Hertfordshire. He inherited property in ...

Article

Fraser, Simon (1776–1862), explorer and fur trader, was born on 20 May 1776 at Mapletown, Hoosic township, New York, the youngest of the ten children of Simon Fraser (1725?–1779?) of Culbokie and Guisachan (a cadet branch of the highland Frasers of Lovat), a farmer, and his wife, ...

Article

Guidotti, Sir Antonio (1492–1555), merchant and diplomat, was born on 27 May 1492 in Florence, the son of Andrea di Zanobi Guidotti (1457–1520) and Lucretia d'Antonio Gondi. The evidence suggests he received legal training in Italy before he arrived in Southampton in the 1510s to join his brother ...

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Howel [Howell], Thomas (c. 1480–1537), merchant and philanthropist, was the son of John Howel, a prosperous and well-established merchant of Bristol, and his wife, Alice, who subsequently married Sir Thomas Morgan of Pen-coed, Monmouthshire. His father's family seems originally to have come from ...

Article

Charles Welch

revised by Ian W. Archer

Kitson, Sir Thomas (1485–1540), merchant and local politician, was born in Warton, Lancashire, the son of Robert Kitson. He was apprenticed to Richard Glasyer, a mercer and merchant adventurer of London, and became free of the City in 1507. He was already trading on his own account on a substantial scale in 1509, and his accounts show that he remained active as a merchant adventurer until his death. In 1534–5, when he exported 625 cloths, only ten merchants exported larger quantities. He dealt mainly in the broadcloths of ...

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Mongredien, Augustus (1807–1888), corn merchant and political economist, was born in London, the son of John Adrien Mongredien, a French officer who had fled to England after Bonaparte's coup d'état in 1798 and was later described as an 'agriculturalist'. Educated at the Roman Catholic school at ...

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Monoux, George (b. in or before 1465, d. 1544), merchant and local politician, was born by 1465, probably in London, the youngest of the five sons of Richard Monoux, of the Salters' Company. He was descended from John Monoux, of Stanford, Worcestershire, and the family was probably of Welsh marcher origin. He is first recorded (1485–6) in ...

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Palavicino, Sir Horatio (c. 1540–1600), merchant and diplomat, was born in Genoa, Italy, the second son of Tobias Palavicino (d. c.1580), a well-connected merchant aristocrat, and his wife, Battina (1522–1607), the daughter of Andrea Spinola. The family firm handled the papal monopoly of alum, an essential ingredient in the dyeing process, from the mines at ...

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Radisson, Pierre-Esprit [called Oninga] (1639/40?–1710), explorer and trader, was probably born in Paris—as documents in New France testify that his sisters were—to Avignonese parents, Pierre-Esprit Radisson (b. c.1590) and Madeleine Hénaut. In affidavits of 1697 and 1698 Radisson...