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Arundell, Humphrey (1512/13–1550), rebel, was born in 1512 or 1513, being twenty-three in 1536, the son and heir of Roger Arundell (d. 1536), landowner, of Helland, Cornwall, and his wife, Joanne or Joan (d. 1537), daughter of Humphrey Calwodely. Roger Arundell...

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Bardolf, Thomas, fifth Baron Bardolf (1369–1408), landowner and rebel, was born at Birling, Kent, on 22 December 1369, the son of William, fourth Baron Bardolf (1349–1386), and his wife, Agnes (d. 1403), the daughter of Michael Poynings, first Lord Poynings (c. 1318–1369)...

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Basset, Gilbert (d. 1241), knight and rebel, was the son and heir of Alan Basset (d. 1232) and his wife, Alice or Alina de Gai (d. 1230), or possibly an earlier wife, Alice de Gray. Alan was probably the youngest of the three sons of ...

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Bodrugan [Trenowith], Sir Henry (c. 1426–1487x1503), landowner and rebel, sometimes called Henry Trenowith, was the son and heir of Sir William Bodrugan of Newham, Cornwall (c.1398–1441), and of Philippa, daughter of Sir John Arundel of Lanherne, Cornwall (fl. 1426–1450). He was descended through his paternal great-grandmother, ...

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Breteuil, Roger de [Roger fitz William], earl of Hereford (fl. 1071–1087), magnate and rebel, was the second son of Earl William fitz Osbern (d. 1071) and Adelize de Tosny. When William fitz Osbern died, William I gave Roger his father's English manors and made him ...

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See Egremont, Sir John

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Cheyne, Sir John (c. 1390–1468), Lollard and rebel, was the elder son of Roger Cheyne (1362–1414) of Drayton Beauchamp, Buckinghamshire, one of the leaders of the Lollard movement in the early fifteenth century. Roger may well have adopted his heretical leanings through the influence of the prominent Lollard knight and diplomat ...

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Deyville [Daiville], Sir John de (c. 1234–1290/91), rebel, was the son of Robert de Deyville and his wife, Denise Fitzwilliam, of Sprotborough. The Deyvilles, who took their name from Déville (Seine-Maritime) in north-east Normandy, were established in Nottinghamshire and north Yorkshire during the twelfth century, above all through their links with the ...

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Douglas, Archibald [nicknamed Bell-the-Cat], fifth earl of Angus (c. 1449–1513), magnate and rebel, was the elder of the two sons of George Douglas, fourth earl of Angus (c. 1417–1463), and his wife, Isabel, daughter of Sir John Sibbald of Balgonie in Fife...

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Douglas, James, ninth earl of Douglas and third earl of Avondale (c. 1425–1491), magnate and rebel, was the second son of James Douglas, seventh earl of Douglas and first earl of Avondale (d. 1443), and Beatrix Sinclair (d. in or before 1463)...

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Egremont, Sir John (b. 1459?, d. in or after 1505), rebel, was the son of Thomas Percy (1422–1460), the second son of Henry Percy, second earl of Northumberland, who had been created Lord Egremont on 20 November 1449 and was killed on the Lancastrian side at the battle of ...

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Fauconberg, Sir Thomas (1345–1407), rebel, was the elder son of Walter, fourth Baron Fauconberg (c.1318–1362), and his first wife, Maud Pattishall, who died before 28 September 1359. Born on 20 July 1345 at Upleatham, near the family seat of Skelton Castle...

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Ferrers, Robert de, sixth earl of Derby (c. 1239–1279), magnate and rebel, was the eldest son of William de Ferrers, earl of Derby (c.1200–1254), from his second marriage, to Margaret, elder daughter and coheir of Roger de Quincy, earl of Winchester...

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Robert Fitzwalter (d. 1235) seal matrix, early 13th cent. © The Trustees of the British Museum

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Fitzwalter, Robert (d. 1235), magnate and rebel, lord of Dunmow, Essex and Baynard's Castle, London, was the son of Walter fitz Robert and Matilda, daughter of Henry II's justiciar Richard de Lucy. Henry I had granted the honours of Dunmow and Baynard's Castle...

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Flamank [Flamanc, Flamang, Flandrensis], Thomas (d. 1497), member of parliament and rebel, was the eldest of eight children of Richard Flamank, esquire, of Boscarne, and Joan, daughter of Thomas Lucombe of Bodmin. The variants of Flamank—Flandrensis, Flamang—suggest migration from Flanders to ...

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Fraser, Sir Simon (c. 1270–1306), rebel, was the son of Sir Simon Fraser of Oliver Castle, by Tweedsmuir, and his wife, Mary. The elder Simon, who had been keeper of the forests of Traquair and Selkirk, died in 1291, by when his son was of age. The younger ...

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Glyn Dŵr [Glyndŵr], Owain [Owain ap Gruffudd Fychan, Owen Glendower] (c. 1359–c. 1416), rebel leader in Wales, declared prince of Wales on 16 September 1400, was the acknowledged leader of the most serious and widespread rebellion against English authority in Wales since the conquest of 1282–3....

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Owain Glyn Dŵr (c. 1359–c. 1416) seal [as prince of Wales] © National Museums and Galleries of Wales

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Gurdun [Gurdon], Sir Adam (c. 1220–1305), soldier and rebel, was the son of Adam Gurdun, a minor landowner and tenant by serjeanty in Hampshire, and his wife, Amiria. A minor when his father died, about 1231, Adam had probably come of age by 1241. In the following year he went with ...