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Ackland, Mary Kathleen Macrory- [pseud. Valentine Ackland] (1906–1969), poet, was born on 20 May 1906 at 54 Brook Street, Mayfair, London, the younger daughter of Robert Craig Ackland (1865–1923), a West End dental surgeon, and his wife, Ruth Kathleen, née Macrory (1876/7–1961)...

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Backhouse, Sir Edmund Trelawny, second baronet (1873–1944), Sinologist and fraudster, eldest of the four surviving sons of Jonathan Edmund Backhouse, first baronet (1849–1918), a banker, and Florence (1845–1902), youngest daughter of Sir John Salusbury Salusbury-Trelawny, was born on 20 October 1873 at The Rookery, Middleton Tyas, Yorkshire...

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Barclay, Robert, of Ury (1648–1690), religious writer and colonial governor, was born at Gordonstown, Moray, on 23 December 1648, the eldest of the five children of David Barclay of Ury (1610–1686), soldier and politician, and Katherine Gordon (1620–1663), daughter of Sir Robert Gordon...

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Bradshaw, John (b. 1658/9), convicted criminal, was born in Maidstone, Kent, the son of Alban Bradshaw, an attorney. He matriculated on 23 February 1674, aged fifteen, from Corpus Christi College, Oxford, and was admitted as a scholar on 20 April.

It was later charged that early in the morning of 13 July 1677 ...

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Gaevernitz, Gerhart von Schulze- (1864–1943), political economist and commentator on Britain, was born in Breslau on 25 July 1864, the only son of Hermann von Schulze-Gaevernitz (1824–1888), constitutional lawyer and academic, who in 1853 had published a book on the English economy, and his wife, ...

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Gargill, Anne (b. c. 1625, d. in or after 1659), Quaker and writer, was born in Swine in the East Riding of Yorkshire. It is not known when she became a Quaker; however, in 1659 Katharine Evans, who knew her, told the inquisition in ...

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Helmont, Franciscus Mercurius van, baron of Helmont and Merode in the nobility of the Holy Roman empire (1614–1698), physician and cabbalist, was born on 20 October 1614 at a house in the rue de Louvain, Vilvorde, near Brussels, the only surviving son of ...

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Howitt [née Botham], Mary (1799–1888), writer and translator, was born on 12 March 1799 at Coleford, Gloucestershire, the second child of Samuel Botham (1758–1823), a land surveyor, and Anne Wood (1764–1848). She and her elder sister, Anna, were brought up in Uttoxeter, Staffordshire...

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Alexander Gordon

revised by Timothy C. F. Stunt

Jacob, Joshua (c. 1802–1877), founder of the White Quakers, was born at Clonmel, co. Tipperary, and was educated at Joseph Tatham's school in Leeds and later in Ballitore, co. Kildare. Having been apprenticed to Adam Calvert, Jacob established himself in 1830 as a grocer in ...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by Josef L. Altholz

Lucas, Frederick (1812–1855), journalist and politician, born in Westminster, London, on 30 March 1812, was the son of Samuel Hayhurst Lucas (d. in or after 1840), a corn merchant in the City of London, and a member of the Religious Society of Friends...

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Moore, Sir Norman, first baronet (1847–1922), physician and Irish scholar, was born at Higher Broughton, Manchester, on 8 January 1847, the only child of Robert Ross Rowan Moore (1811–1864), barrister and political economist, of Kilmainham, Dublin, and his wife, Rebecca (1819–1905), daughter of ...

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Newbold, (John Turner) Walton (1888–1943), journalist and politician, was born on 8 May 1888 at Culcheth, Leigh, Lancashire, the only child of Thomas Robinson Newbold (c.1846–1926), corn merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth Turner. His Irish Quaker and Liberal father was the principal formative influence, and the socially conscious boy developed a passion for history and radical politics. He was educated at ...

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Nichols, Mary Sergeant Gove (1810–1884), campaigner for medical reform and women's rights, was born at Goffstown, New Hampshire, USA, on 10 August 1810, the second daughter and third child of William A. Neal (d. 1845) and Rebecca R. Neal. Her paternal grandfather was Scottish, while her mother's family were Welsh. ...

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Harry Douglas Clarke Pepler (1878–1951) by unknown photographer, 1921 [centre, with his family outside Fragbarrow Farm] private collection

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Pepler, Harry Douglas Clarke [Hilary] (1878–1951), printer and puppeteer, was born in Eastbourne, Sussex, on 14 January 1878, the elder son of George Henry (Harry) Pepler (1849–1884), a partner in Diplock Brewers, and his wife, Emma Florence (1853–1935), daughter of Robert Mills, a ...

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Pim, Herbert Moore (1883–1950), author and political activist, was born on 6 June 1883 at 4 Granville Villas, Belfast, the son of Robert Barclay Pim, secretary of the Friends Provident Insurance Company, and his wife, Caroline Moore. The Pims were one of Ireland's...

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Price, Peter (1739–1821), ironmaster, was born at Madeley, Shropshire, the son of Henry Price and his wife, Margaret Habberley. A member of a strong Roman Catholic family, as an infant Price was taken to Derby to see Charles Edward Stuart when he entered the town in 1745. However, at the age of fifteen ...

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Helen Christian Sutherland (1881–1965) by unknown photographer © reserved / print supplied by Tate Gallery Archive

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Sutherland [married name Denman], Helen Christian (1881–1965), collector and patron of the arts, was born on 24 February 1881 at 167 Cromwell Road, Kensington, London, the eldest of three children and the only daughter of Sir Thomas Sutherland (1834–1922), shipowner and Liberal Unionist MP for ...