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Bray, John (d. 1381?), physician and botanist, is first recorded in September 1372, when John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster (d. 1399), granted him £10 yearly from Kingston Manor, Dorset, for his services, with a living befitting a chamberlain, two horses and a servant, and ...

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James Britten (1846–1924) by Maull & Fox, 1906 by permission of the Linnean Society of London

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Britten, James (1846–1924), botanist and Roman Catholic propagandist, was born on 3 May 1846 at 18 Shawfield Street, Chelsea, London, the son of James Alexander Britten, bookseller, and his wife, Mary Ann (née Shepard). His father was a prominent active member of the local community, and ...

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Clifford [later Constable], Sir Thomas Hugh, first baronet (1762–1823), topographer and botanist, was born on 4 December 1762 in London, the eldest son of Thomas Clifford (1732–1787) (fourth son of Hugh, third Baron Clifford of Chudleigh) and Barbara Aston (d...

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Henry, Augustine (1857–1930), botanical collector and dendrologist, was born on 2 July 1857 in Dundee, the first of six children of Bernard Henry (c.1825–1891) and Mary MacNamee. His father, at one time a gold-prospector in California and Australia, was a native of the townland of ...

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Hesketh, Thomas (bap. 1560, d. 1613), botanist and physician, was baptized on 15 May 1560 at Great Harwood, Lancashire, near to Martholme Hall. He was the second son of Sir Thomas Hesketh of Rufford (1526–1588) and Alice, daughter of Sir John Holcroft of ...

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Irvine, Alexander (bap. 1794, d. 1873), botanist and bookseller, was born at Daviot, Aberdeenshire, the second of three sons of James Irvine of Skellarts, a well-to-do farmer, and baptized there on 27 April 1794. He was educated at the grammar school at Daviot...

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Jameson, William (1796–1873), botanist, was born in Edinburgh on 3 October 1796, the son of William Jameson, a writer to the signet, and his wife, the daughter of John Spottiswoode, a merchant of Edinburgh. From 1814 to 1817 Jameson studied medicine at the ...

Article

M. G. Watkins

revised by Anita McConnell

Knowles, Gilbert (1667–1734), Roman Catholic priest and botanist, was born in Hampshire, professed at St Gregory's, Douai, France, and was ordained priest in 1700. He was sent to the Benedictine northern province in 1705, and stationed at Newburgh, Yorkshire, in 1710–19. In that year he was transferred to ...

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See McEwen, Alexander Dundas [Alex, Eck]

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Mary Winifred Parke (1908–1989) by Godfrey Argent Godfrey Argent Studios / Royal Society

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Parke, Mary Winifred (1908–1989), marine botanist, was born on 23 March 1908 in Bootle, Liverpool, second of the six children of William Aloysius Parke (1873–1925), partner in a company operating barges, and his wife, Mary Magdalene (1879–1968). She was educated at the Notre Dame Convent, Everton Valley, Liverpool...

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See Pigott, Nathaniel

Article

B. D. Jackson

revised by Peter Osborne

Pryor, Alfred Reginald (1839–1881), botanist, was born at Hatfield, Hertfordshire, on 24 April 1839, the eldest son of Alfred Pryor, brewer, and Jane Anne (née Pryor). He was educated at Tonbridge School and at University College, Oxford, whence he graduated BA on 26 June 1862. While at ...

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Richard Anthony Salisbury (1761–1829) by William John Burchell, 1817 © Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: reproduced by kind permission of the Director and the Board of Trustees

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Salisbury [formerly Markham], Richard Anthony (1761–1829), botanist and horticulturist, was born in Leeds on 2 May 1761, the only son (there were also two daughters) of Richard Markham, a Leeds cloth merchant. His mother was descended from Jonathan Laycock of Shaw Hill...