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Curr, Edward (1798–1850), politician and entrepreneur in Australia, was born on 1 July 1798 at Sheffield, England, the son of John Curr, a coal viewer at the duke of Norfolk's estate and coalmines, and his wife, Hannah Wilson (1759–1851). He was educated at ...

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Devas, Charles Stanton (1848–1906), political economist, was born on 26 August 1848 at Long Ditton, Surrey, the second son of William Devas (d. 1870), a merchant, later of Old Windsor, Berkshire, and his wife, Martha Anne (d. 1894), daughter of Charles Stanton...

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Gage, George (c. 1582–1638), diplomat and businessman, was the son of Edward Gage (b. 1539), gentleman, of Firle, Sussex, and Margaret, daughter of Sir John Shelley of Michelgrove. Educated overseas, he became skilled in the Italian, French, and Spanish languages. During 1612–16 he was a companion of ...

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Haughey, Edward Enda, Baron Ballyedmond (1944–2014), entrepreneur and politician, was born on 5 January 1944 in Our Lady of Lourdes Hospital, Drogheda, co. Louth, Ireland, the son of Edward Haughey, a cattle dealer, of Dundalk, co. Louth, who died two months before Haughey...

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George Hay, first earl of Kinnoull (bap. 1570, d. 1634) by Daniel Mytens, 1633 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Hay, George, first earl of Kinnoull (bap. 1570, d. 1634), politician and entrepreneur, was baptized on 4 December 1570, probably at Megginch, Perthshire, the second son of Peter Hay (d. 1596), laird of Megginch and bailie to his distant kin the earls of Erroll...

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Hende, John (d. 1418), royal financier and mayor of London, is of unknown origins, but by 1368 he was active in the drapery trade and had made the first of three prudent marriages. His first wife, Isabella, was the daughter of John Southcote...

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Hewins, William Albert Samuel (1865–1931), economist and politician, was born on 11 May 1865 near Wolverhampton, the second son and fourth of the ten children of Samuel Hewins (1833–1899), iron merchant, and his wife, Caroline (d. 1901), daughter of John Green of ...

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William Albert Samuel Hewins (1865–1931) by F. A. Swaine © National Portrait Gallery, London

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MacNab, Sir Allan Napier, baronet (1798–1862), politician and entrepreneur in Canada, was born on 19 February 1798 at Newark, Upper Canada (later Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario), the third and first surviving of the seven children of Lieutenant Allan MacNab, a half-pay officer formerly of the ...

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Mahon, Charles James Patrick [known as the O'Gorman Mahon] (1800–1891), politician and financial speculator, was born into a prominent Catholic family at Ennis, co. Clare, on about 17 March 1800, the eldest of four children. His father, Patrick Mahon of New Park...

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McGrath, Joseph Laurence (1888–1966), Irish republican and entrepreneur, was born, probably in Dublin, on 21 August 1888, the youngest of five children (three sons and two daughters) of George McGrath, labourer, and his wife, Bridget, née Bolger. Having left school at fourteen, he qualified as an accountant in his twenties. Aged nineteen he joined ...

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Murray, Sir Andrew Hunter Arbuthnot (1903–1977), politician and businessman, was born on 19 December 1903 in Edinburgh, the city with which he was associated throughout his life. His parents were Alfred Alexander Arbuthnot Murray, writer to the signet and fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh...

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O'Duffy, Eimar Ultan (1893–1935), writer and political economist, was born on 29 September 1893 at 26 Gardiner Place, Dublin, the elder son of Kevin Emmet O'Duffy, a prominent dentist, and his wife, Pauline, née Campbell. His grandfather John O'Duffy had been the founder (with others) of the ...

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Eimar Ultan O'Duffy (1893–1935) by Lafayette, 1926 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Pessagno, Sir Antonio (b. c. 1280, d. in or after 1334), financier and administrator, was a native of Genoa, where he was born probably about 1280. His historical importance lies in his position as the chief financier of Edward II between 1312 and 1319. His massive loans and furnishing of commodities for the royal household and of supplies for the war against ...

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Spencer, Oscar Alan (1913–1993), colonial administrator and economist, was born in Eastleigh, Hampshire, on 12 December 1913. He was probably born Oscar Alan Peixoto, at 22 Doncaster Road, Eastleigh, the son of Oscar Peixoto (1884–1914), manager of a correspondence school in Madrid, and his wife, ...

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Ward, Sir Joseph George, first baronet (1856–1930), entrepreneur and prime minister of New Zealand, was born in Hawke Street, north Melbourne, Australia, on 26 April 1856, the third and last surviving of the ten children born to Irish immigrants William Thomas Ward, a merchant, and his wife, ...

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Zulueta, Sir Philip Francis de (1925–1989), civil servant and businessman, was born in Oxford on 2 January 1925, the only child of Francis (Francisco Maria José) de Zulueta (1878–1958), regius professor of civil law and fellow of All Souls College, Oxford, and his wife, ...