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Bodkin, Thomas Patrick (1887–1961), museum director and art critic, was born in Dublin on 21 July 1887, the eldest of the family of two sons and four daughters of Matthias McDonnell Bodkin, a journalist who was later county court judge of Clare and MP for ...

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Burchett, Richard (1815–1875), painter and art teacher, was born on 30 January 1815 in Brighton, Sussex. He was educated at the London Mechanics' Institution before entering the Government School of Design in Somerset House, set up in 1837 to train designers for industry. In 1845 he led a group of students who complained to the ...

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Cox, John Charles (1843–1919), antiquary and ecclesiologist, was born on 29 March 1843 at Parwich, Derbyshire, the sixth of the seven children of Revd Edward Cox (1802–1869) and Anna Horsfall (1803/4–1888). He had two brothers and four sisters. In 1843 his father was vicar of ...

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Doyle, Henry Edward (1827–1892), painter and museum director, was born in Dublin, the third of seven children of John Doyle (1797–1868) and his wife, Marianna Conan (d. 1832). John Doyle, also born in Dublin, had trained initially as a miniature painter with ...

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Dunphie, Charles James [pseuds. Melopoyn, Rambler] (1820–1908), art critic and writer, was born at Rathdowney House, Rathdowney, Queen's county, Ireland, on 4 November 1820, the elder son of Michael Dunphy, merchant, and his wife, Kate Woodroffe. Dunphie was admitted to Trinity College, Dublin...

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Fagg, Bernard Evelyn Buller (1915–1987), archaeologist and museum curator, was born on 8 December 1915 in Upper Norwood, London, the son of William Percy Fagg, antiquarian bookseller, and his wife, Lilian (née Buller). His brother was William Buller Fagg. He went to school at ...

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Fagg, William [Bill] Buller (1914–1992), ethnologist and art historian, was born on 28 April 1914 at 24 St Aubyn's Road, Upper Norwood, London, the elder son and first of two children of William Percy Fagg (d. 1939), antiquarian bookseller, and his wife, ...

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James Byam Shaw

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Gibson, William Pettigrew (1902–1960), gallery curator, was born in Glasgow on 3 January 1902, the elder son of Edwin Arthur Gibson, a Scottish physician, and his wife, Ellen Shaw Pettigrew. He was educated at Westminster School and read natural sciences at Christ Church, Oxford...

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Nicolete Mary Gray (1911–1997) by Colin Hardie, c. 1940 private collection; photographer: Colin Hardie

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Gray [née Binyon], Nicolete Mary (1911–1997), historian of lettering, letter carver, and art critic, was born on 20 July 1911 at Stevenage, Hertfordshire, the last of three children of Laurence Binyon (1869–1943), poet, art critic, and scholar, and his wife, Cicely Margaret (1876–1962)...

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Sir John Wyndham Pope- Hennessy (1913–1994) by Dame Elisabeth Frink, 1975 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hennessy, Sir John Wyndham Pope- (1913–1994), museum director and art historian, was born on 13 December 1913 at 29 Grosvenor Place, Belgravia, London, the elder son (there were no daughters) of Major-General (Ladislaus Herbert) Richard Pope-Hennessy (1875–1942), colonial official and army officer, and his wife, ...

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See Jenner, Henry

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Kris, (Walter) Ernst (1900–1957), art historian and psychoanalyst, was born in Vienna on 26 April 1900, the son of Leopold Kris, a lawyer, and his wife, Rosa. Precocious and prolific, he graduated in 1922 from Vienna University under Julius von Schlosser, with a PhD thesis on the bizarre ceramics—incorporating casts from life—of the French Renaissance potter ...

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Lamb, Winifred (1894–1963), archaeologist and museum curator, was born on 3 November 1894 at Holly Lodge, Campden Hill, London, the only child of Edmund George Lamb (1863–1925), landowner, colliery proprietor, and former Liberal MP for North Herefordshire (1906–10), and his wife, Mabel (1862–1941)...

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Lantéri, Edward [Édouard] (1848–1917), sculptor and teacher of sculpture, was born at Auxerre, France, on 1 November 1848, the son of a tradesman. Although he showed precocious talent as a violinist, in his mid-teens he accepted an offer from the academic sculptor Aimé Millet...

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John Temple Leader (1810–1903) by William Henry Mote, pubd 1840 (after Bryan Edward Duppa) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Leader, John Temple (1810–1903), politician and connoisseur of the arts, born at his father's country house, Putney Hill Villa, sometimes called Lower House, on 7 May 1810, was the younger son (in a family of two sons and four daughters) of William Leader (1767–1828)...

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Levey, Sir Michael Vincent (1927–2008), art historian and gallery director, was born at 90 Kenilworth Avenue, Wimbledon, on 8 June 1927, the only child of Otto Lemuel Herbert Levey (1893–1961) and his wife, Gladys Mary, née Milestone (b. 1892). His father, of Irish descent, was a civil servant working in the ...

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(George) James Henry Lees- Milne (1908–1997) by unknown photographer © reserved; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London