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Abell, William (d. 1474), manuscript artist, is associated by documentary evidence only with the consolidation charter of Eton College of March 1446, for which he was paid £1 6s. 8d. But a number of other works can be attributed to him on stylistic grounds, including the similarly illuminated charter for ...

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Aglio, Augustine Maria [formerly Agostino Maria] (1777–1857), painter and lithographer, was born on 15 December 1777 in Cremona, Italy, one of several children of Gaetano Aglio, a notary, and Marianna Mondini. He moved with his family in 1787 to Milan, where he was educated at the ...

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Cosmo Alexander (1724–1772) self-portrait, before 1745? Aberdeen Art Gallery and Museums Collections

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Alexander, Cosmo (1724–1772), portrait painter and traveller, was born probably in Aberdeen, the son and pupil of the Aberdonian painter and engraver John Alexander (1686–c.1766), who had worked in Rome from 1711 to 1719, and his wife, Isobel Innes. John Alexander...

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Alexis Master (fl. c. 1120–c. 1140), manuscript artist, was active at St Albans Abbey, and probably at Bury St Edmunds Abbey, in the 1120s and 1130s. The name 'Alexis Master', first coined in German by the art historian Adolph Goldschmidt...

Article

See Venetian painters in Britain

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Ashfield, Edmund (fl. 1669–c. 1680), pastellist, is known principally on the basis of a marginal note in the manuscript treatise 'Miniatura, or, The art of limning', by Edward Norgate (1581–1650): 'On Crayons', 'Mr Ashfield at red ball in Lincoln Inn field...

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See Barraud, William

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James Barry (1741–1806) self-portrait, c. 1786 [completed 1803] by courtesy of the National Gallery of Ireland

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Barry, James (1741–1806), history painter, printmaker, and author, was born on 11 October 1741, in a modest cottage in Water Lane in Blackpool, a suburb of Cork, to John Barry and Juliana Reardon. He was the eldest child in a family that grew to include three more sons, ...

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Pompeo Girolamo Batoni (1708–1787) self-portrait, 1773–4 Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence, Italy / Bridgeman Art Library

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Batoni, Pompeo Girolamo (1708–1787), painter and draughtsman, was born on 25 January 1708 in Lucca, Italy, and baptized in San Frediano, Lucca, on 5 February, the son of Paolino Batoni, goldsmith, and his wife, Chiara Sesti. For nearly half a century he recorded the visits to ...

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Bauer, Ferdinand Lukas (1760–1826), botanical artist, was born on 20 January 1760 at Feldsberg, Austria, the son of Lukas Bauer or Baur (1706/7–1762), court painter to the prince of Liechtenstein, and his wife, Theresia, née Hirsch. Three sons—Joseph (1756–1831), Franz Andreas Bauer (1758–1840)...

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Aubrey Vincent Beardsley (1872–1898) by Frederick Henry Evans, 1893 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Beardsley, Aubrey Vincent (1872–1898), illustrator, was born on 21 August 1872 at 12 Buckingham Road, Brighton, Sussex, the son of Vincent Paul Beardsley (c.1840–1909), and his wife, Ellen Agnus (1846–1932), the daughter of Surgeon-Major William Pitt and his wife, Susan.

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Belle, Alexis-Simon (1674–1734), portrait painter, was born on 12 January 1674, in the rue du Bac, Paris, and baptized on 17 January at St Sulpice, Paris, the second child but only son of Jean Belle (1636/1641–1703), portrait painter, and Anne Malguy (d...

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Borsselaer [Bustler], Pieter (fl. 1664–1687), portrait painter, was most likely of a Dutch burger family of that name long established in Zeeland, the Netherlands. From the fifteenth century onwards members of the family are recorded serving as regents, sheriffs, burgermasters, and taxation clerks in the towns of ...

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William de Brailes (fl. c. 1230–1260) manuscript illumination The British Library

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Brailes, William de (fl. c. 1230–1260), manuscript artist, whose signature, W. de Brail', appears in two illustrated manuscripts of the mid-thirteenth century, is almost certainly identifiable as the William de Brailes named in five Oxford property deeds of c.1230–1260. Although the documents do not specify ...

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Gordon Goodwin

revised by Asia Haut

Brooke, Henry (1738–1806), history painter, was born in co. Cavan, Ireland, in November 1738 and baptized that month at St Paul's Church, Dublin, one of the five children (there were four sons and one daughter) of Robert Brooke, artist, and his wife, Honor Brooke...