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Archdall, Mervyn (1723–1791), antiquary, was born in Dublin on 22 April 1723, the son of William Archdall, who was descended from a co. Fermanagh ascendancy family. He entered Trinity College, Dublin, in 1739 and, according to A. J. Webb, 'passed through the University with credit, and imbibed a taste for antiquities and literary research, and for collecting coins, medals and seals' (...

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Beamish, North Ludlow (1797–1872), army officer, writer, and antiquary, was the third son of William Beamish of Beaumont House, co. Cork, and his wife, Anne Jane Margaret, daughter of Robert De-la-Cour of Short Castle, co. Cork. The family claimed descent from one of the followers of ...

Article

W. P. Courtney

revised by Alan R. Acheson

Bennet, William (1746–1820), bishop of Cloyne and antiquary, was born in the Tower of London on 4 March 1746, the son of Robert Bennet. He was educated at Harrow School, where he made the acquaintance of Dr Samuel Parr, Gilbert Wakefield, and Sir John Parnell...

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Dowling, Thady (1543/4–1628), ecclesiastical administrator and antiquary, was probably a native of Laois, where the O'Dowlins or Dowlings were a landholding sept. Most of what is known of his life is derived from the brief autobiographical memoir (dated 12 March 1602) which was enclosed with his account of the Irish sees. His family, who were 'true husbandmen', sent him to be fostered in ...

Article

Duhigg, Bartholomew (c. 1751–1813), antiquary and barrister, was the fourth son of Bartholomew Duhigg (d. before 1771), gentleman, of Ballyhigh, co. Limerick, Ireland. His father appears to have been brought up a Catholic but to have conformed to the established church in 1725, thereby escaping the effects of the penal laws. In 1769 he entered ...

Article

William Reynell

revised by Michael Herity

Hitchcock, Richard (1825–1856), antiquary, was the son of Rodney Hitchcock (d. 1853), a farmer, of Spring Vale, co. Cork, Ireland. He was born at Blennerville, near Tralee, co. Kerry, in March 1825. He spent much of his early life studying the antiquities of his native county, which he examined enthusiastically, writing accurate descriptions of them illustrated with his own minute drawings. His work soon brought him to the notice of ...

Article

Ledwich, Edward (1739–1823), antiquary, was born in Nicholas Street, Dublin, on 29 March 1739, the son of John Ledwich, a merchant. He was educated in the diocesan school, and then at Trinity College, Dublin, which he entered on 22 November 1755. He graduated BA in 1760 and LLB in 1763. He took holy orders, and was appointed vicar-general of ...

Article

W. B. Owen

revised by Bernard Nurse

Loftie, William John (1839–1911), antiquary, was born at Tanderagee, co. Armagh, on 25 July 1839, the eldest son of John Henry Loftie of Tanderagee and his wife, Jane, daughter of William Crozier. After private education he entered Trinity College, Dublin, where he graduated BA in 1862. On 9 March 1865, at ...

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William John Loftie (1839–1911) by Lady Winchilsea, pubd 1907–9 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Lynegar, Charles [Cormac Ó Luinín] (fl. 1708–1731), Irish-language scholar and antiquary, was probably born in co. Fermanagh, Ireland, the son of Matha Bán Ó Luinín. The self-styled (ardollamh Éireann'chief master of bardic learning in Ireland'), he belonged to the last generation of (...

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Lyon, John (1710–1790), Church of Ireland clergyman and antiquary, was the son of John Lyon, a blacksmith or ironmonger, and his wife, Sarah; who lived at the poorer end of Stephen Street in Dublin; he was probably born and was baptized on 5 October 1710 at ...

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Sinéad Agnew

Mason, Henry Joseph Monck (1778–1858), legal writer and antiquary, was born at Powerscourt, co. Wicklow, on 15 July 1778, the son of Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Monck Mason of Kildare Street, Dublin, and his second wife, Jane, the only daughter of Bartholomew Mosse MD. His uncle was ...

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Jeremiah Milles (1714–1784) by Nathaniel Dance Society of Antiquaries of London

Article

Milles, Jeremiah (1714–1784), antiquary and dean of Exeter, was born on 29 January 1714 at Highclere, Hampshire, the third son of Jeremiah Milles (bap. 1672, d. 1746) [see under Milles, Isaac (1638-1720)], vicar of Duloe, Cornwall, and his wife, Mary (1678/9–1756)...

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William Nicolson (1655–1727) by W. Miln, 1891 (after unknown artist, c. 1715–20) reproduced by permission of the Provost and Fellows of the Queen's College, Oxford

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Nicolson, William (1655–1727), Church of Ireland bishop of Derry and antiquary, was born on Whitsunday, 3 June 1655—according to local tradition, in the porch of the parish church of Great Orton, Cumberland. His father, Joseph Nicolson (1622/3–1686), was a time-serving clergyman of varied intellectual interests, who had been installed in the living of ...

Article

Prim, John George Augustus (1821–1875), antiquary and newspaper proprietor, was born in Kilkenny, the eldest son of John H. Prim. He was probably educated in Kilkenny. He was a general printer and stationer in the city and in the mid-1850s became proprietor of the ...

Article

Rawdon [née Hastings], Elizabeth, suo jure Baroness Botreaux, suo jure Baroness Hungerford, suo jure Baroness Moleyns, suo jure Baroness Hastings, and countess of Moira (1731–1808), literary patron and antiquary, was born at Donington Park, Leicestershire, on 23 March 1731, the eldest surviving daughter of the four sons and three daughters of ...

Article

Reeves, William (1815–1892), antiquary and bishop of Down, Connor, and Dromore, was the eldest child of Boles D'Arcy Reeves (d. 1852), an attorney, and his wife, Mary (d. 1832), fourth daughter of Captain Jonathan Bruce Roberts, who fought at the battle of ...

Article

W. P. Courtney

revised by Marie-Louise Legg

Shirley, Evelyn Philip (1812–1882), antiquary and genealogist, was born in South Audley Street, London, on 22 January 1812, the eldest son of Evelyn John Shirley (1788–1856) of Ettington Park, Warwickshire (the Shirleys were a branch of the family of the earls Ferrers). His mother was ...