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Ackland, Mary Kathleen Macrory- [pseud. Valentine Ackland] (1906–1969), poet, was born on 20 May 1906 at 54 Brook Street, Mayfair, London, the younger daughter of Robert Craig Ackland (1865–1923), a West End dental surgeon, and his wife, Ruth Kathleen, née Macrory (1876/7–1961)...

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Aldam, Thomas (1616?–1660), Quaker preacher and writer, was born in Warmsworth, near Doncaster, although no further details of his parentage are known. He was a relatively affluent yeoman. He married Mary Killam (d. 1660) in 1644, and the couple had at least one child, ...

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Archdale, John (1642–1717), colonial governor, was born about 5 May 1642, the son of Mary Nevill and Thomas Archdale, a landowner in the parish of High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire; Thomas Archdale was the son of London merchant Richard Archdale, who had purchased the manors of ...

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Ashbridge [née Sampson], Elizabeth (1713–1755), Quaker minister and writer, was born in Middlewich, Cheshire, the daughter of Thomas Sampson, a ship's surgeon, and his wife, Mary. Few details are known about Elizabeth's early life, parents, and family; indeed, most of the information about her later life and career is taken from her spiritual autobiography (composed about 1745), which records her '...

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Ashworth, Edmund (1800–1881), cotton manufacturer and free-trade activist, was born on 17 November 1800 at Birtenshaw, Turton, near Bolton, the fifth of the eleven children of John Ashworth (1772–1855), farmer, land agent, and cotton spinner, and his wife, Isabel Thomasson (1772–1852). Edmund was a younger brother of ...

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Barlow, Hannah Bolton (1851–1916), ceramicist, was born on 2 November 1851 at Church End House, Little Hadham, Hertfordshire, the seventh of nine children of Benjamin Irlam Barlow (1813–1866), bank manager, and his Quaker wife, Hannah Bolton (1816–1882). As she grew up in rural ...

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Sir John Barnard (c. 1685–1764) by Jacques-Antoine Dassier, 1744 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barnard, Sir John (c. 1685–1764), politician, was born of Quaker parentage about 1685 at Reading, presumably in or near his maternal grandfather's estate of Play Hatch. Brought up in London, where his father was a prosperous wine merchant, and educated at a Quaker school in ...

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Barnes, William Peter Ward (1919–2011), public servant and administrator, was born on 16 April 1919 in the master's house, the Temple, London, the younger son (there were no daughters) of Ernest William Barnes (1874–1953), master of the Temple and later bishop of Birmingham...

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Barton, John (1789–1852), political economist and botanist, was born on 11 June 1789 in Southwark, London, the son of John Barton (1755–1789) and his second wife, Elizabeth, née Horne (1760–1833). He was the half-brother of Maria Hack, children's writer, and Bernard Barton, poet. The elder ...

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Bastin, (Alfred) Harold (1875–1962), entomologist and photographer, was born at 48 Lower Union Street, Torquay, on 7 July 1875, the son of Richard Bastin (1849–1917), an ironmonger, and his wife, Priscilla Barter (1850–1933), originally from Reading. He had a Quaker upbringing and the family (of two sons and two daughters) moved between ...

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Beaufoy, Henry Hanbury (1750–1795), politician, was born in November 1750 at Cuper's Bridge, Lambeth, Surrey, the second child and eldest son of Mark Beaufoy (1718–1782), a distiller and vinegar brewer, and his wife, Elizabeth (c.1720–1772), the daughter of Capel Hanbury of ...

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Beaufoy, Mark (1764–1827), astronomer and physicist, was born in the house attached to his father's vinegar brewery at Cuper's Bridge, Lambeth, Surrey, on 4 March 1764, the third and youngest son of Mark Beaufoy (1718–1782), and his wife, Elizabeth (c.1720–1772). Mark Beaufoy sen....

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Bedford, Hilkiah (1663–1724), bishop of the nonjuring Church of England, was born on 23 July 1663 in Hosier Lane, near West Smithfield, London, where his father, also Hilkiah (b. 1632), was a mathematical instrument maker. The family originally came from Sibsey, near ...

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Beesley, Alfred (1799/1800–1847), antiquary, was born into a Quaker family, but subsequently left the Society of Friends. He was apprenticed to a watchmaker in Deddington, Oxford, but only served part of his time. Subsequently he devoted himself to literary and scientific pursuits. He was a keen astronomer and botanist, and collected scientific instruments. In 1834 ...

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Bellerby [née Parker], (Mary Eirene) Frances (1899–1975), poet and novelist, was born on 29 August 1899 at St Aidan's House, Summerhill Road, St George, Bristol, the younger of the two children of Frederick Talbot Parker (d. 1954), Anglo-Catholic clergyman, and his wife, ...

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Bennett, Richard (1608–1675), colonial governor, was the nephew of the early Virginia merchant Edward Bennett, and may have been the Richard Bennett baptized in Somerset on 6 August 1609, the son of Thomas Bennett, though this is not certain. He went to Virginia...

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Benson, Gervase (d. 1679), Quaker leader, lived at Haygarth in Sedbergh, Yorkshire, and Kendal, Westmorland; he also had a house at Borratt in Sedbergh. A notary public before 1640, and later commissary of the archdeaconry of Richmond at Kendal, Benson was the first ecclesiastical lawyer to join ...

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Bentham, Ethel (1861–1931), physician and politician, was born on 5 January 1861 at 82 King William Street, City of London, one of at least two daughters of William Bentham, an inspector and later general manager of the Standard Life Assurance Company, and his wife, ...

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Besse, Joseph (1683–1757), historian of Quakerism, was born at Billericay, Essex, the son of Joseph Besse. In 1716 he married Hannah Dehorne (d. in or before 1757), daughter of George Dehorne of Colchester; they had six children. Besse worked as a schoolmaster in ...