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Abney, Sir William de Wiveleslie (1843–1920), civil servant and photographic scientist, was born at Derby on 24 July 1843, the eldest son of Edward Henry Abney (bap. 1811, d. 1892), vicar of St Alkmund's, Derby, afterwards prebendary of Lichfield, and Catharina, daughter of ...

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Acworth, George (1534–1581x6), administrator and scholar, was born in London in 1534, the son of Thomas Acworth, a merchant taylor of London, and his wife, Anne. Thomas came from Bedfordshire, where his father, also named George, had been elected knight of the shire for that county in 1529. During his youth ...

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Addington, Henry Unwin (1790–1870), diplomatist and civil servant, the second son of John Hiley Addington MP (d. 1818) and Mary (d. 1833), the daughter of Henry Unwin, and the nephew of Henry Addington, first Lord Sidmouth, was born on 24 March 1790. He was educated at ...

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Alderson, Thomas Hopper (1903–1965), wartime rescue party leader, was born at Ashburne Stables, Sunderland, on 15 September 1903, the fifth of six children and first son of Thomas Alderson (1864–1945), domestic coachman, and his wife, Sarah Annie, née Hopper (1872–1942). He was educated at a village school; then at ...

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Alured, Thomas (bap. 1583, d. 1638), administrator, was baptized at Sculcoates, near Hull, Yorkshire, on 3 September 1583, the third son of John Alured (c.1545–1606) of the Charterhouse, Sculcoates, and his wife, Frances, daughter of Sir Henry Gates of Seamer, Yorkshire...

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Sir Robert Anderson (1841–1918) by James Russell & Sons © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anderson, Sir Robert (1841–1918), spymaster, detective chief, and author, was born on 29 May 1841 in Mountjoy Square, Dublin, the son of Matthew Anderson (1804–1888), crown solicitor, Dublin, and his wife, Mary. He himself described his more distant forebears as 'among the Scotch colonists who made ...

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Andrew, Sir (George) Herbert (1910–1985), civil servant, was born on 19 March 1910 at 12 Poleacre Lane, Woodley, Cheshire, the son of James Andrew, public works clerk, and his wife, Harriett Rose. He was educated first at Godley School then at Manchester grammar school...

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See Anslay, Brian

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Argall, Thomas (1499/1500–1563), administrator, was probably born at Lambeth, the only son of John Argall and his wife, Emme. His date of birth is derived from the fact that in July 1540 he gave his age as forty. Both parents were deceased by 1522, when ...

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Arnold, Matthew (1822–1888), poet, writer, and inspector of schools, was born at Laleham-on-Thames, Middlesex, on 24 December 1822, the eldest son and second of the nine surviving children of the Revd Thomas Arnold (1795–1842) and Mary Penrose Arnold (1791–1873). Thomas Arnold had been a fellow of ...

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Matthew Arnold (1822–1888) by George Frederic Watts, 1880 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Aucher, Sir Anthony (d. 1558), administrator and landowner, was the only surviving son and heir of James Aucher (d. 1509), gentleman, of Otterden, Kent, and his wife, Alice Hill. The father, a son and heir of John and Margaret Aucher, was the successful head of a minor gentry family who bequeathed much of his estate to the church. In his will of 1 January 1509 he entrusted his son to ...

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Aves, Ernest Harry (1857–1917), social investigator and civil servant, was born on 30 August 1857 at Cleveland Villa, Station Road, Cambridge, the son of William Owen Aves, tailor and woollen draper, and his wife, Mary Ann Coales. He was educated in Cambridge at ...

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Aylesbury, William (bap. 1612, d. 1656), translator and government official, was baptized at St Margaret, Lothbury, London, on 13 July 1612, the eldest son of Sir Thomas Aylesbury, baronet (1579/80–1658), and his wife, Anne Darell, née Denman (1589–1661). On 18 July 1628 he matriculated from ...

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Backhouse, John (1784–1845), civil servant, was born on 14 October 1784 at Wavertree, Lancashire, the son of John Backhouse, a Liverpool merchant. He was educated at the Carmel School, Westmorland, and the foundation school, Clitheroe, Lancashire. After becoming a partner in his father's business, he was sent in 1812 to be secretary of the firm's office in ...

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Sir Nicholas Bacon (1510–1579) by unknown artist, 1579 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bacon, Sir Nicholas (1510–1579), lawyer and administrator, was born on Childermas day (28 December) 1510, the second son and one of the five children of Robert Bacon (d. 1548), yeoman and sheep-reeve to the abbot of Bury St Edmunds, and his wife, ...

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Bacon, Sir Ranulph Robert Maunsell (1906–1988), police officer, was born on 6 August 1906 at 30 Ridgmount Gardens, Bloomsbury, London, the only son of Arthur Ranulph Bacon (1872–1949), electrical engineer, and his wife, Hester Mary Ayles. There was at least one sister, Joan Alice Mary (Mrs Bury)...

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Badeley, Henry John Fanshawe, Baron Badeley (1874–1951), civil servant and engraver, was born at Elswick, Newcastle upon Tyne, on 27 June 1874, the elder child and only son of Captain Henry Badeley (1842–1881), of Guy Harlings, Chelmsford, and his wife, Blanche (d...