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Alsop [Alsopp], Thomas (d. 1558), apothecary, is thought to have been connected with the Alsop family of Alsop (now Alsop-en-le-Dale) chapelry in Ashbourne, Derbyshire, but his parentage remains unknown; and, although Alsops from Alsop were living in London during the sixteenth century, no link with ...

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Battley, Richard (bap. 1772, d. 1856), apothecary and manufacturing chemist, was baptized on 26 September 1772 at Wakefield, Yorkshire, the second son of John Battley, an architect of local repute, and his wife, Ruth Gledhill. After attending Wakefield grammar school, he was privately trained for medicine by a doctor in the town. He then moved to ...

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Beecham, Thomas (1820–1907), manufacturer of patent medicines, was born at Curbridge, Oxfordshire, on 3 December 1820, the eldest of three sons and four daughters of Joseph Beecham (bap. 1799, d. 1839), an agricultural labourer, and his wife, Sarah (bap. 1801...

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Blackstone, John (1712–1753), apothecary and botanist, was born at Harefield, Middlesex, the eldest of three sons of Edward Blackstone (d. 1730), ironmonger and citizen of London, and his wife, Sarah, daughter of Francis Ashby of Brakspeare, Harefield. In 1729 he was apprenticed to ...

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Browne, John Collis (1819–1884), physician and manufacturer of patent medicine, was born on 18 June 1819 at Maidstone in Kent, and baptized at the church of All Saints with St Philip in that town. His parents were Captain William Browne of the 13th light dragoons...

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Clay, Trevor (1936–1994), nurse and trade unionist, was born on 10 May 1936 at 47 Deacon Street, Chilvers Coton, Nuneaton, the eldest of the six children of Joseph Reginald George Clay (1901–1971), a wheelwright at Dunlop, and his wife, Florence Emma (1903–1991), née...

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See Cockle, Sir James

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Thompson Cooper

revised by Juanita Burnby

Crane, John (1570/71–1652), apothecary and benefactor, was born in Wisbech, Cambridgeshire. The details of his parents are unknown except that his father was born in Ipswich, Suffolk. It is possible that he was the Joan Crane baptized on 24 January 1572, the child of ...

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Daffy, Thomas (1616/17–1680), inventor of the ‘elixir salutis’, was probably the son of Giles Daffy (d. 1643?), of Abingdon, Berkshire, though the Abingdon registers contain no entries for the family. Among the administrations in the parish of St Clement, Eastcheap, London, in 1643, was one for a ...

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Dent, Peter (1628/9–1689), apothecary and naturalist, the son of Peter Dent of Cambridge, was admitted to Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1649/50. He acquired properties in the parish of St Sepulchre, Cambridge, soon after 1650 and was in practice there by 1657. These properties, which he improved during his tenure, included a small leasehold shop at ...

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Drage, William (bap. 1636, d. 1668), physician and apothecary, was baptized at Raunds, Northamptonshire, on 8 January 1636, the son of William and Elizabeth Drage, who were able to provide him with a good grammar-school education. He was then apprenticed to an apothecary, and in 1658 settled in ...

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Eno, James Crossley (1827/8–1915), manufacturer of patent medicine, was born in Newcastle, the son of James Eno (c.1793–1829), a general shopkeeper, and his wife, Elizabeth (1792/3–1874), daughter of John Jackson. After leaving school, he was apprenticed to a Newcastle retail chemist, and in 1846 became a dispenser at the infirmary there at ...

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Godfrey, Thomas (d. 1721), apothecary and inventor of Godfrey's cordial, was probably one of the many Thomas Godfreys who were baptized in various Hertfordshire parishes during the middle years of the seventeenth century. He should not be confused with Ambrose (Hanckwitz) Godfrey (...

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Gowland, John (d. 1776), apothecary and inventor of Gowland's lotion, was the grandson of Ralph Gowland, attorney and antiquary of Durham, his first cousin being Ralph Gowland (c.1722–c.1782), an undistinguished MP successively for Durham and Cockermouth. John Gowland did not follow the family tradition of the law; he may have been the ...

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Henry, Thomas (1734–1816), apothecary and chemist, was born on 28 September 1734 at Wrexham, Wales, the third of five children and the second of three sons of William Henry. His parents kept a school but his father was best known as a dancing-master. Of his elder brother, ...

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Thomas Holloway (1800–1883) by William Scott, 1845 Archives, Royal Holloway, University of London (RHC PH/281/4/3)

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Holloway, Thomas (1800–1883), manufacturer of patent medicines and philanthropist, was born on 22 September 1800 at Devonport, the eldest of six children and elder of two sons of Thomas Holloway (d. 1836), a baker formerly in the Royal Navy, and his wife, ...

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Houghton, John (1645–1705), pharmacist and author, was born in Waltham Cross and baptized on 21 July 1645 at Cheshunt, Hertfordshire, one of at least two sons and three daughters of Roger Haughton or Houghton, an embroiderer, perhaps employed at the nearby royal residence of ...

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Lane, Timothy (1734–1807), apothecary and natural philosopher, was born in June 1734 in London, the elder son of the two sons and three daughters of Timothy Lane (1705–1741), apothecary and member of the Society of Apothecaries in London, and his wife, Mary. On 5 April 1757 ...

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Deen Mahomed (1759–1851) by Thomas Mann Baynes Wellcome Library, London