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Aram, Eugene (bap. 1704, d. 1759), murderer and philologist, was born at Ramsgill and baptized on 2 October 1704 at Middlesmoor, West Riding of Yorkshire. Little is known of his mother, but his father, Peter Aram (bap. 1667, d. 1735), employed as gardener to ...

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G. A. Grierson

revised by John D. Haigh

Atkinson, Robert (1839–1908), philologist, born at Gateshead on 6 April 1839, was the only child of John Atkinson, who was a grocer there, and his wife, Ann. After education at the Anchorage grammar school close to his home from 1849 to 1856, he matriculated at ...

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Auty, Robert (1914–1978), philologist, was born on 10 October 1914 at 31 Tooker Road, Rotherham, Yorkshire, the second son and youngest of the four children of George Auty, headmaster of an elementary school, and his wife, Martha Louise, née Richards. Robert's sister Phyllis...

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by John D. Haigh

Bannister, John (1816–1873), philologist, was born at York on 25 February 1816, the son of David Bannister (1788–1854) and his wife, Elizabeth Greensides (1789–1864). From 1839 he was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, where he studied classics and Hebrew (BA, 1844; MA, 1853; LLB and LLD, 1866). He was ordained priest in 1845, and served as curate of ...

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William Barnes (1801–1886) by George Stuckey, c. 1870 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barnes, William (1801–1886), poet and philologist, was born on 22 February 1801, in a cob and thatch cottage, Rushay Farm, on Bagber Common, near Sturminster Newton, Dorset, the sixth of seven children of John Barnes (bap. 1762, d. 1846), and his wife, ...

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Richard Bentley (1662–1742) by Sir James Thornhill, 1710 The Master and Fellows, Trinity College, Cambridge

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Bentley, Richard (1662–1742), philologist and classical scholar, was born on 27 January 1662 at his maternal grandparents' house at Oulton, Yorkshire, the second child of Thomas Bentley (bap. 1637, d. 1675), a yeoman farmer, and his wife, Sarah (bap. 1642, d...

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See Bleek, Wilhelm Heinrich Immanuel

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Burchfield, Robert William (1923–2004), lexicographer, was born on 27 January 1923 at 58 Pitt Street, Wanganui, New Zealand, the younger son of Frederick Burchfield (1891–1979), formerly a coalminer and subsequently an electricity company employee, and his wife, Mary Lauder, née Blair (1894–1974). His father was born in the village of ...

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Burton, William (1609–1657), antiquary and philologist, was born in Austin Friars, London, the son of William Burton of Atcham in Shropshire. Educated at St Paul's School, he went to Queen's College, Oxford, at Easter 1625. His proficiency in Greek attracted the notice of ...

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A. H. Bullen

revised by Karl Showler

Butler, Charles (1560–1647), philologist and apiarist, was born at High Wycombe in Buckinghamshire. He entered Magdalen Hall, Oxford, in 1579, and afterwards became a bible-clerk at Magdalen College, where he took his BA in 1584, and MA in 1587. After leaving the university he became rector of ...

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Richard Garnett

revised by John D. Haigh

Cleasby, Richard (1797–1847), philologist, brother of Sir Anthony Cleasby (1804–1879), and eldest son of Stephen Cleasby (d. 1844) and his wife, Mary John (1768–1841), was born on 30 November 1797 at Craig House, Westmorland. He was educated at a private school in ...

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Cockayne, Thomas Oswald (bap. 1809, d. 1873), philologist and teacher, was baptized on 20 January 1809 in Keynsham, Somerset, the eldest of nine children born to John Cockin, curate of Keynsham parish, and his wife, Louise. He was admitted into St John's College, Cambridge...

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Edith Coleridge

revised by John D. Haigh

Coleridge, Herbert (1830–1861), philologist, was born at Hampstead, Middlesex, on 7 October 1830, the only son of Henry Nelson Coleridge (1798–1843) and his wife, Sara Coleridge (1802–1852). Having been educated at Eton College by his uncle, the Revd Edward Coleridge, he obtained the Newcastle medal and the ...

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Dawson, Benjamin (1729–1814), Church of England clergyman and philologist, was born in Halifax, the sixth of the seven sons of Eli Dawson (d. 1744), Presbyterian minister of Morley, Yorkshire, and his wife, Alice Taylor. He and his brother Thomas Dawson (c. 1725–1782)...

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Richard Garnett

revised by Richard Smail

Donaldson, John William (1811–1861), philologist, born in London on 7 June 1811, was the second son of Stuart Donaldson, Australia merchant, and brother of Sir Stuart Donaldson. His grandfather, Hay Donaldson, was town clerk of Haddington, near Edinburgh, and his mother was Betty...

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Gordon Goodwin

revised by J. A. Marchand

Drake, William (bap. 1723, d. 1801), antiquary and philologist, was the second surviving son of Francis Drake (bap. 1696, d. 1771), historian, and Mary Woodyear (1692/3–1728), third daughter of George Woodyear of Crook Hill, near Doncaster. He was born in York and baptized at ...

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Charles Plummer

revised by John D. Haigh

Earle, John (1824–1903), philologist, was born on 29 January 1824 at Elston, in the parish of Churchstowe near Kingsbridge, south Devon, the only son of John Earle, a small landed proprietor who cultivated his own property, and his wife, Anne Hamlyn. Their other child, a daughter, ...

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Elworthy, Frederick Thomas (1830–1907), philologist and antiquary, eldest son of Thomas Elworthy of Wellington, Somerset, woollen manufacturer, and his wife, Jane, daughter of William Chorley of Quarm, near Dunster, Somerset, was born at Wellington on 10 January 1830, and was educated at a private school at ...