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Bonython, Richard (bap. 1580, d. 1647x54), soldier and planter in America, was baptized on 8 April 1580 at St Columb Major, Cornwall, a younger son and one of eight children of John Bonython and his wife, Eleanor Myleinton. Nothing else is known of his early life. He married by 1607 ...

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Bright, Sir John, baronet (bap. 1619, d. 1688), parliamentarian officer and landowner, was baptized on 14 October 1619, the third but only surviving son of Stephen Bright (1583–1642), of Carbrook, Yorkshire, and his first wife, Joan Westby (d. 1633), daughter of George Westby...

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Caulfeild, Toby, first Baron Caulfeild of Charlemont (bap. 1565, d. 1627), soldier, politician, and landowner, was baptized on 2 December 1565 at Great Milton, Oxfordshire, a younger son of Alexander Caulfeild. Nothing is known of his early years or education, but from 1590 he pursued a military career, sailing on ...

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Cole, Sir William (bap. 1576, d. 1653), army officer and landowner in Ulster, was baptized on 7 October 1576 at St Mary Woolnoth, London, the only son of Emmanuel Cole (c.1542–1592?), a member of the Goldsmiths' Company, of St Botolph, Aldersgate...

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Sir Arthur Thomas Cotton (1803–1899) by Sir William Hamo Thornycroft, 1880 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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A. J. Arbuthnot

Reviser Peter L. Schmitthenner

Cotton, Sir Arthur Thomas (1803–1899), army officer and irrigation engineer, was born on 15 May 1803 at Woodcote, Oxfordshire, the ninth son of Henry Calveley Cotton (d. 1837) of Woodcote House, who served in the royal guards (postal service), and his wife, ...

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Fairfax, Thomas, first Lord Fairfax of Cameron (1560–1640), diplomat, soldier, and horse breeder, was born at Bilbrough, near York, the eldest son of Sir Thomas Fairfax (1521–1600) of Denton and Nun Appleton, Yorkshire, and Dorothy (d. 1596), daughter of George Gale, goldsmith and lord mayor of ...

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Herbert, George Augustus, eleventh earl of Pembroke and eighth earl of Montgomery (1759–1827), army officer and landowner, was born on 10 September 1759 at Wilton House, Wiltshire, and was baptized there on 29 October, the only son of Henry Herbert, tenth earl of Pembroke and seventh earl of Montgomery...

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See Kemeys family

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Lambart, Charles, first earl of Cavan (c. 1600–1660), army officer and landowner, was the eldest son of Oliver Lambart, first Baron Lambart in the Irish peerage (d. 1618), servitor in co. Cavan, and Hester, daughter of Sir William Fleetwood of Carrington Manor...

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Lindsay, Robert James Loyd-, Baron Wantage (1832–1901), army officer and agriculturist, born of Scottish descent in London on 16 April 1832, was the youngest child of Lieutenant-General James Lindsay (1793–1855), Grenadier Guards, of Balcarres, Fife—paternal grandson of James Lindsay, fifth earl of Balcarres...

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Robert James Loyd- Lindsay, Baron Wantage (1832–1901) by Julia Margaret Cameron, c. 1865 [The Loyd-Lindsays: and Harriet Sarah Loyd-Lindsay, Lady Wantage (1837-1920)] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Lowther, Sir Richard (1532–1608), landowner and soldier, was born on 14 February 1532 in Hartsop Hall, Westmorland, the eldest of the six children of Hugh Lowther (c.1510–1555) and Dorothy Clifford (d. 1562). She was the daughter of Henry Clifford, tenth Baron Clifford...

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See Maister family

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Montagu, Henry Robinson-, sixth Baron Rokeby (1798–1883), army officer and landowner, was born at Great Cumberland Place, London, on 2 February 1798, the fifth son of Matthew Montagu, formerly Robinson, fourth Baron Rokeby (1762–1831), and his wife, Elizabeth Charlton (d. 1817). He was also the great-nephew of ...

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Pierrepont, Robert, first earl of Kingston upon Hull (1584–1643), landowner and royalist army officer, was born on 6 August 1584, the son of Sir Henry Pierrepont (1546–1616) of Holme Pierrepont, Nottinghamshire, and his wife, Frances Cavendish, daughter of Sir William Cavendish of Chatsworth...

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Russell, Sir Andrew Hamilton [Guy] (1868–1960), sheep farmer and army officer, was born on 23 February 1868 at Napier, New Zealand, the second of the eight children and the elder son of Andrew Hamilton Russell (1837–1916), a sheep farmer and former army officer in the ...

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See Scott, Sir Thomas

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Thackeray, Thomas James [Tom] (1796–1877), playwright, army officer, and agriculturist, was born on 5 September 1796 in Madras, India, the elder son of Thomas Thackeray (1767–1852) of Bath, a surgeon on the Madras establishment of the East India Company, and his first wife, ...