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Abbott, Lemuel Francis [Samuel] (1760/61–1802), portrait painter, was the elder son of a clergyman in Leicestershire—probably the Revd Lemuel Abbott (d. 1776), curate of Anstey, later vicar of Thornton, and his wife, Mary. In 1775, at the age of fourteen, he was apprenticed to ...

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Abercrombie, Sir (Leslie) Patrick (1879–1957), town planner, was born on 6 June 1879 at Green Bank, Sale, Altrincham, one of a family of nine. His father, William Abercrombie (1838–1908), born in Bradford, was a Manchester stockbroker and businessman, with literary and artistic interests; his mother, ...

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Sir (Leslie) Patrick Abercrombie (1879–1957) by Howard Coster, 1944 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Abney, Sir William de Wiveleslie (1843–1920), civil servant and photographic scientist, was born at Derby on 24 July 1843, the eldest son of Edward Henry Abney (bap. 1811, d. 1892), vicar of St Alkmund's, Derby, afterwards prebendary of Lichfield, and Catharina, daughter of ...

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Sarah Angelina Acland (1849–1930) by Sarah Acland, 1910 © Museum of the History of Science, University of Oxford

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Acland, Sarah Angelina [Angie] (1849–1930), photographer, was born at Broad Street, Oxford, on 26 June 1849, the second of eight children and only daughter of the physician Henry Wentworth Acland (1815–1900), who was then Lee's reader in anatomy at Christ Church, Oxford, and his wife, ...

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S. E. Fryer

revised by Anne MacPhee

Acton, John Adams- (1830–1910), sculptor, was born on 11 December 1830 at Acton Hill, Middlesex, one of the two surviving sons and three daughters of William Adams, an artist, and his wife, Helen Elizabeth Humphreys. His sister Clarissa was also an artist, and exhibited at the ...

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John Adams- Acton (1830–1910) by Samuel Alexander Walker, pubd 1893 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Adams, Clement (c. 1519–1587), schoolmaster and map engraver, was born at Buckington, Warwickshire. He was educated at Eton between 1530 and 1536, and subsequently at the King's Hall, Cambridge. From 17 August 1536 he was tutored in classics, mathematics, and geometry at Cambridge...

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Adams, Katharine (1862–1952), bookbinder, was born on 25 November 1862 at Bracknell in Berkshire, the second daughter among the three children of the Revd William Fulford Adams (d. 1912) and his wife, Catherine Mary Horton (bap. 1830, d. 1912). As a child she lived at ...

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Adams, Robert (1917–1984), sculptor and designer, was born on 5 October 1917 at Far Cotton, Northamptonshire, the youngest of the three children of Arthur and Emily Adams. From about 1930 to 1951 he lived in Hardingstone, near Northampton. He left school at the age of fourteen and did manual work but probably between 1937 and 1946 attended evening classes, part-time, in life drawing and painting at the ...

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Adams, William (bap. 1746, d. 1805), potter, was baptized on 15 June 1746 in Tunstall, Staffordshire, the posthumous son of Edward Adams (d. 1745/6), potter, and Martha, daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth Adams. There were three William Adamses who were potters in ...

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Agas, Radulph [Ralph] (c. 1540–1621), land surveyor, was probably a native of Stoke by Nayland in Suffolk. His parents are not known, but it is likely he was a relative of Edward Aggas, son of Robert Aggas of Stoke by Nayland. Radulph (or Ralph)...

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W. C. Monkhouse

revised by Arianne Burnette

Aggas, Robert (c. 1620–c. 1682), landscape and scene painter, was the son of Samuel Agas of St Andrew's parish, Holborn. The family was originally from Stoke by Nayland in Suffolk. Samuel Agas was the son of Edward Aggas, a bookseller and printer, and relative of ...

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Aglionby, William (1641–1705), diplomat and writer on art, was born in the summer of 1641, the second son of George Aglionby (d. 1643), who died shortly after being appointed dean of Canterbury by Charles I, and his wife, Sibilla Smith. George had previously been employed by the ...

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See Agnew family

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See Agnew family

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Aitchison, George (1825–1910), architect, was born in London on 7 November 1825, the son of George Aitchison (1792–1861) and his wife, Maria Freeman. After education at Merchant Taylors' School, London (1835–41), he was articled in 1841 to his father, then architect to the ...

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George Aitchison (1825–1910) by Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema, 1900 RIBA Library Drawings Collection, London

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Albin, Eleazar (d. 1742?), naturalist and watercolour painter, may have been born somewhere in the German states to a family named Weiss. Nothing is known of his early life, although he later claimed, in his Natural History of Birds (1731–8), to have been 'at ...