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Henry Addington, first Viscount Sidmouth (1757–1844) by Sir William Beechey, in or before 1803 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Addington, Henry, first Viscount Sidmouth (1757–1844), prime minister, was born on 30 May 1757, the fourth child and eldest son of Anthony Addington (1713–1790), physician, and his wife, Mary (d. 1778), daughter and heir of the Revd Haviland John Hiley, headmaster of ...

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Baldwin, Stanley, first Earl Baldwin of Bewdley (1867–1947), prime minister, was born at Lower Park House, Bewdley, Worcestershire, on 3 August 1867, the only child of Alfred Baldwin (1841–1908) and his wife, Louisa Macdonald (1845–1925) [[see Baldwin, Louisa], under [Macdonald sisters...

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Stanley Baldwin, first Earl Baldwin of Bewdley (1867–1947) by Vandyk, 1927 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Balfour, Arthur James, first earl of Balfour (1848–1930), prime minister and philosopher, was born on 25 July 1848 at Whittingehame House, East Lothian, the third of eight children and eldest son of James Maitland Balfour (1820–1856), landowner (and MP, 1841–7), and his wife, ...

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Arthur James Balfour, first earl of Balfour (1848–1930) by John Singer Sargent, 1908 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bentinck, William Henry Cavendish Cavendish-, third duke of Portland (1738–1809), prime minister, was born on 14 April 1738, the eldest son of William Bentinck, second duke of Portland (1709–1762), courtier and landowner, and his wife, Lady Margaret Cavendish Harley (1715–1785), the only daughter and heir of the ...

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William Henry Cavendish Cavendish- Bentinck, third duke of Portland (1738–1809) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, completed 1792 Bristol Museums and Art Gallery

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Brooke, Basil Stanlake, first Viscount Brookeborough (1888–1973), prime minister of Northern Ireland, was born on 9 June 1888 at Colebrooke Park, co. Fermanagh, Ireland, the eldest of five children (three sons and two daughters) of Sir Arthur Douglas Brooke, fourth baronet (1865–1907), of ...

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Basil Stanlake Brooke, first Viscount Brookeborough (1888–1973) by Howard Coster, 1943 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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George Canning (1770–1827) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1825 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Canning, George (1770–1827), prime minister and parodist, was born in Marylebone, Middlesex, on 11 April 1770, the son of George Canning (1736–1771) and his wife, Mary Ann Costello (1747?–1827). His parents were both Irish; he described himself as 'an Irishman born in London...

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Carey, Sir Victor Gosselin (1871–1957), bailiff of Guernsey, was born on 2 July 1871 at Petit Marché, St Peter Port, Guernsey, the third of four children of Major-General de Vic Francis Carey (1831–1908), army officer, of Le Vallon, Guernsey, and his wife, Harriet Mary (1843–1932)...

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Cavendish, William, fourth duke of Devonshire (bap. 1720, d. 1764), prime minister, was baptized at St Martin-in-the-Fields, Westminster, on 1 June 1720, the eldest of the four sons of William Cavendish, third duke of Devonshire (1698–1755), politician and landowner, and his wife, Catherine (...

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Cecil, Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-, third marquess of Salisbury (1830–1903), prime minister, was born at Hatfield House, Hertfordshire, on 3 February 1830, the fifth of six children and third of four sons of James Brownlow William Cecil, second marquess of Salisbury (1791–1868), and his first wife, ...

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Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne- Cecil, third marquess of Salisbury (1830–1903) by Sir John Everett Millais, 1882 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Childers, Erskine Hamilton (1905–1974), president of Éire (Ireland), was born at 13 Embankment Gardens, London, on 11 December 1905, the eldest child and first of the two sons born to (Robert) Erskine Childers (1870–1922), author and politician, and Mary Alden Osgood (1878–1964), formerly of ...

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Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill (1874–1965) by Walter Sickert, 1927 © courtesy Estate of Walter Sickert; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Churchill, Sir Winston Leonard Spencer (1874–1965), prime minister, was born at Blenheim Palace, Oxfordshire, the family home of the dukes of Marlborough, on 30 November 1874. His father, Lord Randolph Henry Spencer Churchill (1849–1895), was the third son of the seventh duke and a descendant of ...

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Clark, James Dawson Chichester-, Baron Moyola (1923–2002), prime minister of Northern Ireland, was born on 12 February 1923 at Moyola Park, near Castledawson, co. Londonderry, the elder son and eldest of three children of Captain James Jackson Lenox Conyngham Chichester-Clark (formerly Clark) (1884–1933)...