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Sir George Edmond Brackenbury Abell (1904–1989) by Walter Bird, 1964 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Abell, Sir George Edmond Brackenbury (1904–1989), administrator in India, was born on 22 June 1904 in Sanderstead, Surrey, the eldest in the family of two sons and two daughters of George Foster Abell, director of Lloyds Bank, and his wife, Jessie Elizabeth Brackenbury...

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Abercromby, James (1707–1775), colonial agent and politician, was baptized on 24 August 1708 at Alloa, Clackmannanshire, the third son of Alexander Abercromby (d. 1753), MP for Clackmannanshire in the Scottish parliament, and Mary (b. c.1680), daughter of Alexander Duff of ...

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Abercromby, Sir Robert (1740?–1827), army officer and administrator in India, son of George Abercromby (1705–1800) of Tullibody and his wife, Mary, née Dundas (d. 1767), was baptized at his family's Scottish estate, Menstrie, near Tullibody, in Clackmannanshire, on 13 October 1740, which was possibly also the day of his birth. He came from one of those Scottish landed families that were to play an important role in British military and imperial history over the next two centuries. ...

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Acheson, Archibald, second earl of Gosford (1776–1849), governor-in-chief of British North America, was born on 1 August 1776, the eldest son of Arthur Acheson, first earl of Gosford, and his wife, Millicent, the daughter of Lieutenant-General Edward Pole, of Radbourne in Derbyshire. He entered ...

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Aitchison, Sir Charles Umpherston (1832–1896), administrator in India, born in Edinburgh on 20 May 1832, was the son of Hugh Aitchison of that city, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Charles Umpherston of Loanhead, near Edinburgh. He was educated at Edinburgh high school...

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Du Pre Alexander, second earl of Caledon (1777–1839) by Charles Turner, pubd 1840 (after Richard Rothwell) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Alexander, Du Pre, second earl of Caledon (1777–1839), politician and colonial administrator, was born on 14 December 1777, the only son of James Alexander (1730–1802), first earl of Caledon, of Caledon Castle, co. Tyrone, and his wife, Anne (d. 1777), daughter of ...

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William Pitt Amherst, first Earl Amherst of Arracan (1773–1857) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1821 Toledo Museum of Art, Ohio; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Amherst, William Pitt, first Earl Amherst of Arracan (1773–1857), diplomatist and governor-general of Bengal, was born on 14 January 1773 in Bath, the first of three children of Lieutenant-General William Amherst (1732–1781), aide-de-camp to the king, governor of St John's, Newfoundland, and adjutant-general of the army, and his wife, ...

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A. M. Clerke

revised by Philip Carter

Anderson, George (1760–1796), colonial official and writer, was born at Weston Turville, Buckinghamshire, in November 1760, the son of William Anderson, labourer. George Anderson also worked on the land from an early age. At the same time he showed an interest in and a remarkable talent for mathematical studies; in 1777 he sent in a series of solutions to problems that had appeared in the ...

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Anderson, Sir George William (1791–1857), East India Company servant and colonial governor, was born in London, the son of Robert Anderson, a London merchant. He was educated at the East India College, Haileybury, and joined the Bombay establishment of the East India Company...

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Sir Edmund Andros (1637–1714) by unknown artist Bequest of Henry Lee Shattuck in memory of Morris Gray, © 2004 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

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Andros, Sir Edmund (1637–1714), colonial governor, was born in London on 6 December 1637, the third of the eight children of Amias Andros (1610–1674), master of ceremonies to Charles I and seigneur of Sausmarez in Guernsey, and his wife, Elizabeth (1610–1686), daughter of ...

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Antrobus, Sir Reginald Laurence (1853–1942), colonial official, was born on 5 September 1853 at Withyham, Sussex, the first of the four children of the Revd George Antrobus, vicar of Beighton, Derbyshire, and his wife, Henrietta, daughter of the Revd Robert Gream of Rotherfield, Sussex...

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F. H. Brown

revised by Robert Eric Frykenberg

Arbuthnot, Sir Alexander John (1822–1907), administrator in India, was born on 11 October 1822, at Farmhill, co. Mayo, the third son of Alexander Arbuthnot (d. 1828), bishop of Killaloe, and his second wife, Margaret Phoebe, daughter of George Bingham. General Sir Charles George Arbuthnot (1824–1899)...

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Arbuthnot, Marriot (1711–1794), naval officer and colonial governor, was born in Weymouth, the son of John Arbuthnott. He entered the navy about 1727, and passed his lieutenant's examination in August 1739 when he was described as upwards of twenty-seven (TNA: PRO, ADM 107/3, p. 334...

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Archdale, John (1642–1717), colonial governor, was born about 5 May 1642, the son of Mary Nevill and Thomas Archdale, a landowner in the parish of High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire; Thomas Archdale was the son of London merchant Richard Archdale, who had purchased the manors of ...

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Argall, Sir Samuel (bap. 1580, d. 1626), colonial governor and merchant, was baptized on 4 December 1580 at Holy Trinity, East Peckham, Kent, the fourth son of Richard Argall (c.1533–1588), politician, and his third wife, Mary Scott (d. 1598). Under his father's will ...

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Armitage, Sir Robert Perceval (1906–1990), colonial governor, was born on 21 December 1906 at Nungumbaukum, Madras, India, the first of two children of Frank Armitage (1872–1955) of the Indian police and his wife, Muriel (1879–1963), the daughter of the Revd Frederic Louis Byrde...