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Alsop [Alsopp], Thomas (d. 1558), apothecary, is thought to have been connected with the Alsop family of Alsop (now Alsop-en-le-Dale) chapelry in Ashbourne, Derbyshire, but his parentage remains unknown; and, although Alsops from Alsop were living in London during the sixteenth century, no link with ...

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Battley, Richard (bap. 1772, d. 1856), apothecary and manufacturing chemist, was baptized on 26 September 1772 at Wakefield, Yorkshire, the second son of John Battley, an architect of local repute, and his wife, Ruth Gledhill. After attending Wakefield grammar school, he was privately trained for medicine by a doctor in the town. He then moved to ...

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Beecham, Thomas (1820–1907), manufacturer of patent medicines, was born at Curbridge, Oxfordshire, on 3 December 1820, the eldest of three sons and four daughters of Joseph Beecham (bap. 1799, d. 1839), an agricultural labourer, and his wife, Sarah (bap. 1801...

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Bernard, Francis (bap. 1628, d. 1698), apothecary and physician, one of at least nine children of Samuel Bernard (1590/91–1657), vicar of Croydon, Surrey, and his wife, Elizabeth (1608/9–1705), was baptized at St John the Baptist, Croydon, on 28 September 1628. He was bound apprentice to ...

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Bewley, William (1726–1783), surgeon apothecary and writer, was a native of Massingham, in Norfolk, where he was born on 5 September 1726. He practised as a surgeon apothecary in Great Massingham, but is better known for his contribution, which spanned twenty years, of articles and reviews to the ...

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Blackstone, John (1712–1753), apothecary and botanist, was born at Harefield, Middlesex, the eldest of three sons of Edward Blackstone (d. 1730), ironmonger and citizen of London, and his wife, Sarah, daughter of Francis Ashby of Brakspeare, Harefield. In 1729 he was apprenticed to ...

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Browne, John Collis (1819–1884), physician and manufacturer of patent medicine, was born on 18 June 1819 at Maidstone in Kent, and baptized at the church of All Saints with St Philip in that town. His parents were Captain William Browne of the 13th light dragoons...

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See Doubleday, Henry

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See Cockle, Sir James

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Cogan, William (1676/7–1774), apothecary and philanthropist, was probably born in Kingston upon Hull, the son of John Cogan (d. in or before 1694), a merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth, the daughter of John Battie, of Warmsworth, and Mary Pierrepoint, of Wadworth. His parents were married on 3 June 1662 at ...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by Juanita Burnby

Crane, John (1570/71–1652), apothecary and benefactor, was born in Wisbech, Cambridgeshire. The details of his parents are unknown except that his father was born in Ipswich, Suffolk. It is possible that he was the Joan Crane baptized on 24 January 1572, the child of ...

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Daffy, Thomas (1616/17–1680), inventor of the ‘elixir salutis’, was probably the son of Giles Daffy (d. 1643?), of Abingdon, Berkshire, though the Abingdon registers contain no entries for the family. Among the administrations in the parish of St Clement, Eastcheap, London, in 1643, was one for a ...

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Dent, Peter (1628/9–1689), apothecary and naturalist, the son of Peter Dent of Cambridge, was admitted to Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1649/50. He acquired properties in the parish of St Sepulchre, Cambridge, soon after 1650 and was in practice there by 1657. These properties, which he improved during his tenure, included a small leasehold shop at ...

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Drage, William (bap. 1636, d. 1668), physician and apothecary, was baptized at Raunds, Northamptonshire, on 8 January 1636, the son of William and Elizabeth Drage, who were able to provide him with a good grammar-school education. He was then apprenticed to an apothecary, and in 1658 settled in ...

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Eno, James Crossley (1827/8–1915), manufacturer of patent medicine, was born in Newcastle, the son of James Eno (c.1793–1829), a general shopkeeper, and his wife, Elizabeth (1792/3–1874), daughter of John Jackson. After leaving school, he was apprenticed to a Newcastle retail chemist, and in 1846 became a dispenser at the infirmary there at ...

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Sir Thomas Richard Fraser (1841–1920) by Barraud Wellcome Library, London

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Fraser, Sir Thomas Richard (1841–1920), pharmacologist, born in Calcutta on 5 February 1841, was the second son of John Richard Fraser, Indian civil servant, and his wife, Mary Palmer Fraser. He was educated at various Scottish public schools before entering the University of Edinburgh...

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Godfrey, Thomas (d. 1721), apothecary and inventor of Godfrey's cordial, was probably one of the many Thomas Godfreys who were baptized in various Hertfordshire parishes during the middle years of the seventeenth century. He should not be confused with Ambrose (Hanckwitz) Godfrey (...

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Gowland, John (d. 1776), apothecary and inventor of Gowland's lotion, was the grandson of Ralph Gowland, attorney and antiquary of Durham, his first cousin being Ralph Gowland (c.1722–c.1782), an undistinguished MP successively for Durham and Cockermouth. John Gowland did not follow the family tradition of the law; he may have been the ...

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Gray, Samuel Frederick (1766–1828), naturalist and pharmacologist, was born on 10 December 1766 at Westminster, the only surviving child of Samuel Gray (1739–1771) [see under Gray, Samuel (bap. 1693?, d. 1766)], seedsman at the Black Boy, Pall Mall, London, and his wife, ...