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Article

H. B. Grimsditch

revised by Geoffrey L. Asherson

Adami, John George (1862–1926), pathologist, was born on 12 January 1862 in the Albion Hotel, Piccadilly, Manchester. He was the second son of five sons and four daughters of John George Adami, hotel proprietor, and his wife, Sarah Ann Ellis, daughter of Thomas Leech...

Article

W. J. Bishop

revised by Claire E. J. Herrick

Arkwright, Sir Joseph Arthur (1864–1944), bacteriologist, was born at Thurlaston, Leicestershire, on 22 March 1864, the youngest of the five children of Arthur William Arkwright, gentleman farmer, of Broughton Hall, Astley, and his wife and second cousin, Emma (d. 1866), daughter of ...

Article

Ashton, Norman Henry (1913–2000), pathologist, was born on 11 September 1913 at 60 Highlever Road, North Kensington, London, the second son of Henry James Ashton, a cheesemonger's assistant, and his wife, Margaret Ann, née Tuck. He attended West Kensington central school but left at sixteen to work as a laboratory assistant in a ...

Article

Barber, Mary (1911–1965), bacteriologist, was born in Derby on 3 April 1911, the third daughter of Hugh Barber, physician, and Ethel M. Howlett. She was educated at Alice Ottley School, Worcester, and the London School of Medicine for Women; she obtained the conjoint diploma in 1934 and graduated MB BS in 1936. She then became resident pathologist and A. M. Bird scholar in the pathology unit of the ...

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Sir David Bruce (1855–1931) by unknown photographer, 1894–6 Wellcome Library, London

Article

S. R. Christophers

revised by Helen J. Power

Bruce, Sir David (1855–1931), bacteriologist and parasitologist, was born in Melbourne, Australia, on 29 May 1855, the only son of David Bruce, of Edinburgh, and his wife, Jane, daughter of Alexander Hamilton, of Stirling. His father was presumably an engineer, who went to ...

Article

Budd, William (1811–1880), physician and epidemiologist, was born on 14 September 1811 at Melhuishes in the village of North Tawton, Devon, where his father, Samuel (1772–1841), practised as a surgeon until his death. Previous generations had been educated at Oxford, but Samuel appears to have studied medicine via apprenticeship and service in the navy. ...

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Denis Parsons Burkitt (1911–1993) by Godfrey Argent, 1973 Godfrey Argent Studios / Royal Society

Article

Burkitt, Denis Parsons (1911–1993), surgeon and geographical epidemiologist, was born at Alexander Terrace, Enniskillen, co. Fermanagh, Ireland, on 28 February 1911, the elder of the two sons of James Parsons Burkitt (1870–1959), an engineer and county surveyor for Fermanagh, and his wife, Gwendolyn Hill (1878–1960)...

Article

J. M. Cameron

revised by K. D. Watson

Camps, Francis Edward (1905–1972), forensic scientist, was born on 28 June 1905 at Teddington, Middlesex, the eldest of the three sons of Percy William Leopold Camps (1878–1956), a general practitioner and surgeon, and his wife, Alice, daughter of Joseph Redfern, of Matlock. He was educated at ...

Article

Claypon, Janet Elizabeth Lane- [married name Janet Elizabeth Forber, Lady Forber] (1877–1967), physiologist and epidemiologist, was born on 3 February 1877 at 118 High Street, Boston, Lincolnshire, the second of four children of William Ward Claypon Lane-Claypon, (1845–1939), banker, and his wife, ...

Article

Cowan, Samuel Tertius (1905–1976), bacteriologist, was born Samuel Cowan at 87 Monton Road, Eccles, Lancashire, on 24 September 1905, the only child of Samuel Cowan (1875–1941), a Manchester optician, and his wife, Emily Woods (1879–1964). The third in direct line to bear the name ...

Article

Davie, Thomas Benjamin (1895–1955), pathologist and university principal, was born on 23 November 1895 at Prieska, Cape Colony, the fifth of the six children of Thomas Benjamin Davie, law agent and auctioneer, and his first wife, Caroline Charlotte Halliday (d. 1900). With Scottish ancestry on both sides, ...

Article

Dreschfeld, Julius (1845–1907), pathologist and physician, was born on 13 October 1845 at Niederwären, near Bamberg, Bavaria, the youngest son in a family of five sons and five daughters of Samuel Dreschfeld, a well-to-do merchant, and his wife, Giedel. His parents were well-respected Orthodox Jews; his father lived until the age of ninety-two, and his mother to ninety-seven. In 1861, after completing his early education at the ...

Article

W. J. Bishop

revised by Mary E. Gibson

Dudgeon, Leonard Stanley (1876–1938), pathologist, was born in London on 7 October 1876, the second son and youngest of the eight children of John Hepburn Dudgeon of Haddington, East Lothian, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of Alexander Pond. He was educated at University College School...

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William Farr (1807–1883) by Ernest Edwards, pubd 1865 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Farr, William (1807–1883), statistician and epidemiologist, was born on 30 November 1807 in Kenley, Shropshire, the first of five children of John Farr (1783–1864), farm labourer, and his wife, Catherine (1780–1845). While he was still an infant his parents moved to Dorrington near ...

Article

FitzGerald, Mabel Purefoy (1872–1973), physiologist and clinical pathologist, was born on 3 August 1872 at North Hall, Preston Candover, Hampshire, the last of the seven children of Richard Purefoy FitzGerald (1837–1895) and his wife, Henrietta Mary (d. 1895), daughter of the Revd Anthony Chester...

Article

Gordon, Mervyn Henry (1872–1953), bacteriologist, was born at Harting, Sussex, on 22 June 1872, the sixth of ten children of the Revd Henry Doddridge Gordon and his wife, Elizabeth Oke, daughter of William Buckland, the first professor of mineralogy and geology at Oxford...

Article

Greenwood, Major (1880–1949), epidemiologist and medical statistician, was born in Shoreditch, east London, on 9 August 1880, the eldest son and only surviving child of Major Greenwood (1854–1917), general practitioner, and his wife, Annie (1858–1904), daughter of P. C. Burchell MB. Greenwood's two younger siblings both died of tuberculosis in infancy; his mother died of the same disease shortly after he had qualified in medicine. During ...