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Adams, George (b. 1697/8), translator and writer, was the son of George Adams (d. 1724?), clergyman (probably rector of Upton, Huntingdonshire, 1703–24). He was educated at Peterborough School and at St John's College, Cambridge, where he was admitted, aged eighteen, as a sizar on 23 May 1716 and graduated BA in 1720 and MA in 1735; in 1729 he became a fellow of the college. He was ordained deacon in ...

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Alday, John (fl. 1566–1579), translator, whose origins are obscure, is described by Tanner as a resident in London (Tanner, Bibl. Brit.-hib., 25). He seems to have been preoccupied in particular with the state of man, as evidenced by his principal work, ...

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Allibond, Peter (1559/60–1629), Church of England clergyman and translator, was born at Wardington, Oxfordshire, where his family had lived for many generations; his parents' names are not known. He became a student at Magdalen Hall, Oxford, in 1578 (according to Anthony Wood): he matriculated from there, aged twenty, on 15 April 1580, graduated BA on 21 February 1582, and proceeded MA on 6 July 1585. After some years spent in foreign travel, he was ordained. In 1592 ...

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Arnold, Elizabeth (fl. 1616), translator, may have been the daughter of William Arnold of Cromer, Norfolk, whose genealogical line was recorded by the visitation of the Society of Heralds to Norfolk in 1613, although no details of her birth, death, and family are known. ...

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Arnold, Thomas James (1803–1877), barrister and literary translator, was born on 6 July 1803 in Downing Street, Westminster, London, the eldest son of Samuel James Arnold (1774–1852), dramatist, and Matilda Catherine Pye (d. 1851), younger daughter of Henry James Pye, MP and poet laureate. He was educated at ...

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Ashley, Robert (1565–1641), translator and book collector, was born on 2 July 1565, second son of Anthony Ashley, of Damerham, Wiltshire, and Dorothy Lyte; he was the brother of Sir Anthony Ashley and Sir Francis Ashley. At an early age he acquired fluent French under ...

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Ashmore, John (fl. 1621), translator and poet, was probably a native of the area near Ripon in Yorkshire (to which his poems repeatedly refer), but his life appears obscure. There are no records of his attending university. He was the first to publish a selection of ...

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Aubin, Penelope (1679?–1738), novelist and translator, was the daughter of Sir Richard Temple, third baronet (1634–1697), and his mistress, Anne Charleton, second daughter of the physician and natural philosopher Walter Charleton (1620–1707). Suggestions, originating with Abbé Antoine Prévost, that Penelope was the daughter of a French émigré officer have been disproved by recent research that has also added substantially to aspects of her biography (...

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T. F. T. Dyer

revised by J. A. Marchand

Aufrere, Anthony (1756–1833), translator and antiquary in Europe, was the eldest son of Anthony Aufrere (1730–1814), landowner and magistrate, of Hoveton Hall, Norfolk, and Anna (1735–1816), the only daughter of John Norris (d. 1734), of Witton, Norfolk, and Anna Carthew. His mother was the sister of ...

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Authorized Version of the Bible, translators of the (act. 1604–1611), , were the group of scholars commissioned by James I to produce a new version of the scriptures in English following the Hampton Court conference of 1604.

That conference had in turn stemmed from the ‘millenary petition’ presented to ...

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Aylesbury, William (bap. 1612, d. 1656), translator and government official, was baptized at St Margaret, Lothbury, London, on 13 July 1612, the eldest son of Sir Thomas Aylesbury, baronet (1579/80–1658), and his wife, Anne Darell, née Denman (1589–1661). On 18 July 1628 he matriculated from ...

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Peter Davidson and Ian William McLellan

Ayres, Philip (1638–1712), poet and translator, was born at Cottingham, Northamptonshire, and educated at Westminster School under Richard Busby. He is said to have been a member of St John's College, Oxford, but there is no record of his having matriculated at that university. By January 1666 he was attached to ...

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Bain, Robert Nisbet (1854–1909), translator and historian, was born on 18 November 1854 in London, the eldest son of David Bain (d. after 1912), Cape and India merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Cowan of Liverpool. After education at private schools, he spent some years as a shorthand writer in the office of ...

Article

A. B. Grosart

revised by D. K. Money

Barton, William (1597/8–1678), translator and hymnologist, matriculated as a sizar at Trinity College, Cambridge, in Lent 1619; he graduated BA in 1622 and proceeded MA in 1625. He was ordained priest on 21 September 1623. He is probably to be identified with the ...

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Bavand, William (fl. 1559), translator, whose origins are obscure, after leaving Oxford University became a student at Middle Temple. In 1559 he published A Work Touching the Good Ordering of a Common Weale, a faithful translation of Joannes Ferrarius Montanus's De republica bene instituenda...

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Becher, Henry (fl. 1559–1568), translator and Church of England clergyman, was admitted vicar of Mayfield, Sussex, in the diocese of Chichester, on 19 July 1559. The parish formed part of the peculiar jurisdiction of South Malling, and provided four of Sussex's protestant martyrs during ...

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Bedingfield, Thomas (early 1540s?–1613), translator, was born probably in the early 1540s at Oxburgh Hall, Oxburgh, Norfolk, the second of the five sons of Sir Henry Bedingfeld (1509x11–1583), administrator, and his wife, Katherine (d. 1581), daughter of Sir Roger Townshend of ...

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Bell, James (d. 1606?), translator, was born in Somerset, in the diocese of Bath. He was admitted as a scholar of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, c.1547 and is known to have been at Corpus Christi on 21 April 1548. He was apparently chaplain of ...

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Beloe, William (1758–1817), writer and translator, was born in Norwich on 18 February 1758, son of William Beloe (d. 1791), a tradesman, and his wife, Hannah Hedslup (c.1721–1803). His early education in Norwich was followed by several years in Yorkshire...

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Bevan [née Shuttleworth], (Emma) Frances (1827–1909), translator and poet, was born in Oxford on 25 September 1827, the eldest of three children of Philip Nicholas Shuttleworth (1782–1842), warden of New College, Oxford (1822–40), and bishop of Chichester (1840–42), and Emma Martha Welch...