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C. E. R. Sherrington

revised by T. A. B. Corley

Acworth, Sir William Mitchell (1850–1925), railway economist, was born at Rothley, Leicestershire, on 22 November 1850, the third son of the Revd William Acworth, vicar of Rothley, and his wife, Margaret Dundas, daughter of Andrew Mitchell of Maulside, Beath, and Blythswood Place, Glasgow...

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Daniel Albone (1860–1906) by unknown photographer, c.1902 © Biggleswade History Society

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Albone, Daniel [Dan] (1860–1906), cycle and motor tractor manufacturer, was born at the Ongley Arms inn, Shortmead Street, Biggleswade, Bedfordshire, on 12 September 1860, the fourth son and youngest of eight children of Edward Albone (d. 1864), publican and market gardener, and his wife, ...

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Aldersey, Laurence (1546–1597/8), sea captain, was born at Aldersey Hall, Spurstow, Cheshire, the son of Thomas Aldersey (d. 1557), sheriff of Chester in 1539 and mayor in 1549, and his wife, Cecilia Garnet (fl. 1513–1594), also of Chester. As the sixth in a family of at least eight children, in the mid-1560s he looked to ...

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Awdry, Wilbert Vere (1911–1997), children's writer, railway historian, and Church of England clergyman, was born on 15 June 1911 at Ampfield vicarage, Romsey, Hampshire, the elder son of the Revd Vere Awdry (1854–1928), clergyman, and his third wife, Lucy Louisa Bury (1878–1972), who was on the staff at ...

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Wilbert Vere Awdry (1911–1997) by Michael Ward © News International Newspapers Ltd

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Bacon, John Mackenzie (1846–1904), astronomer and aviator, born at Lambourn Woodlands, Berkshire, on 19 June 1846, was the fourth son of John Bacon (1809–1871), vicar of Lambourn Woodlands, a friend and neighbour of Charles Kingsley and Tom Hughes, and his wife, Mary Lousada...

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Baker, Matthew (1529/30–1613), shipwright, was the son of James Baker [see below], shipwright to Henry VIII. In 1550 Baker sailed to the Levant in the bark Aucher commanded by Roger Bodenham. Though only a young man, his was an inquisitive role during the voyage, and he acquired valuable knowledge of Venetian boat-building techniques. Following his return to ...

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Baker, Robert (fl. c. 1563), mariner and poet, is known only through his one published writing. Possibly a relative of the Bakers of Sissinghurst who had connections with the London overseas trading community, Robert Baker composed a poem about two English voyages to ...

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Ball, Albert (1896–1917), airman, was born at 301 Lenton Boulevard, Nottingham, on 14 August 1896, the elder son and second of three surviving children of Sir Albert Ball (1863–1946), master plumber, land agent, and sometime mayor of Nottingham, and his first wife, Harriet Mary Page (...

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Albert Ball (1896–1917) by E. N. Birkett, c. 1915–16 The Imperial War Museum, London

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Balleny, John (b. c. 1770, d. in or after 1842), merchant navy officer and Antarctic discoverer, was born c.1770 but nothing is known about his early life and education. He may have been a Londoner, brought up in the Newcastle coal trade. From 1798, when he was living in the parish of ...

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Barlow, Edward (1642–1706?), mariner, was born at Prestwich, Manchester, on 6 March 1642, one of the six children of George Barlow (c.1599–c.1686), husbandman, and his wife, Ann (d. 1692). Disliking his apprenticeship as a ‘whitester’ (that is, in the bleaching trade), he went to ...

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Bartlett, Sir Charles John (1889–1955), motor vehicle manufacturer, was born on 12 December 1889 at Bibury, Gloucestershire, the son of George Bartlett, a miller journeyman, and Elizabeth, née Stevens. After attending the village school in Bibury he completed his formal education at Bath Technical College...

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Bates, Sir Percy Elly, fourth baronet (1879–1946), merchant and shipowner, was born at Beechenhurst, Wavertree, Liverpool, on 12 May 1879, the second of seven sons of Edward Percy Bates (1845–1899), who became second baronet, and his wife, Constance Elisabeth, daughter of Samuel Robert Graves...

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Sir Percy Elly Bates, fourth baronet (1879–1946) by George Charles Beresford, 1913 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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See Bates, Sir Percy Elly, fourth baronet

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Baxendale, Joseph (1785–1872), transport entrepreneur, was born at Lancaster on 28 September 1785, the eldest child in a family of two sons and two daughters of Josiah Baxendale (1761–1835) of Castle Hill, Lancaster, surgeon, and his wife, Mabella (1756–1829), daughter of Thomas Salisbury...

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Baxendale, Lloyd Henry (1858–1937), road transport entrepreneur, was born on 3 February 1858 at Totteridge, Hertfordshire, the eldest son of Lloyd Baxendale, gentleman, and his wife, Ellen, née Turner. Although born into an active transport dynasty, his education was that of a member of the upper class, ...

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Beamont, Roland Prosper (1920–2001), air force officer and aviator, was born on 10 August 1920 at 8 Private Road, Enfield, Middlesex, the son of Lieutenant-Colonel Ernest Clement Beamont, a trade officer with the Foreign Office, and his wife, Dorothy Mary, née Haynes. Educated at ...