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Bernal, Ralph (1783–1854), politician and art collector, was born at Colchester, Essex, on 2 October 1783, into a Sephardic Jewish family of Spanish descent, though he was not brought up in the Jewish faith, and was baptized at St Olave's, Hart Street, London...

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Thomas David Gibson Carmichael, Baron Carmichael (1859–1926) by Sir Benjamin Stone, 1897 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Carmichael, Thomas David Gibson, Baron Carmichael (1859–1926), administrator in India and art collector, was born at Castlecraig, near Edinburgh, on 18 March 1859, the eldest son of the Revd Sir William Henry Gibson Carmichael, tenth baronet (1827–1891), and his wife, Eleanora Anne (...

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Cavendish, William, second duke of Devonshire (1670/71–1729), politician and art collector, was the second but first surviving son of William Cavendish, first duke of Devonshire (1641–1707), and Mary (1646–1710), second daughter of James Butler, first duke of Ormond. Following his father's accession to the ...

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Thomas Coke, earl of Leicester (1697–1759) by Francesco Trevisani, 1717 © Collection of the Earl of Leicester, Holkham Hall, Norfolk / The Bridgeman Art Library

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Coke, Thomas, earl of Leicester (1697–1759), politician, architect, and art collector, was born on 17 June 1697, the eldest of the five children of Edward Coke (1676/8–1707), landowner, and his wife, Carey (1680–1707), the daughter of Sir John Newton, third baronet, of Barr's Court, Gloucestershire...

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Crawley, Samuel (1705–1762), collector and consul in Smyrna, was born on 11 June 1705 and baptized on 19 June at St Benet's, Paul's Wharf, in the City of London. He was the second son of Richard Crawley (bap. 1666, d. 1713), deputy registrar of the ...

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Davison, George (1855–1930), photographer, political activist, and patron of the arts, was born in Kirkley, Suffolk, on 19 September 1855, the fourth child of William Davison (1816–1889), a shipwright and carpenter originally from Sunderland. His mother, Eliza, née Miller (1825–c.1900), supplemented the family income by taking in boarders, and his sisters ...

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Ellis, George James Welbore Agar-, first Baron Dover (1797–1833), politician and patron of art, was the only son of Henry Welbore Agar-Ellis, second Viscount Clifden, and his wife, Lady Caroline Spencer, eldest daughter of George Spencer, fourth duke of Marlborough. He was born in ...

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Fawkes, Walter Ramsden Hawkesworth (1769–1825), politician and art collector, was born Walter Ramsden Hawkesworth at Hawkesworth Hall, near Guiseley, Yorkshire, on 2 March 1769, the eldest son of Walter Ramsden Beaumont Hawkesworth (1746–1792) and his wife, Amelia Farrer. His father assumed the additional surname ...

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Sir William Hamilton (1731–1803) by David Allan, 1775 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hamilton, Sir William (1731–1803), diplomatist and art collector, was born, according to the baptismal register, on 12 January 1731, either in London or at Park Place, a family residence near Remenham, Berkshire. He was baptized at St Martin-in-the-Fields, London, on 27 January, the fourth and youngest son of ...

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Hope, Henry Thomas (1808–1862), patron of the arts and politician, was born in London, probably in Duchess Street, on 30 April 1808, eldest of the three sons of Thomas Hope (1769–1831), of the Amsterdam banking family, and his wife, Louisa (d. 1851)...

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Thomas Howard, fourteenth earl of Arundel, fourth earl of Surrey, and first earl of Norfolk (1585–1646) by Sir Peter Paul Rubens, 1629 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Howard, Thomas, fourteenth earl of Arundel, fourth earl of Surrey, and first earl of Norfolk (1585–1646), art collector and politician, was born at Finchingfield, Essex, on 7 July 1585, the only son of Philip Howard, thirteenth earl of Arundel (1557–1595), and his wife, ...

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Labouchere, Sir George Peter (1905–1999), diplomatist and art collector, was born in London on 2 December 1905, the only son of Lieutenant-Colonel Francis Anthony (Frank) Labouchere, a senior civil servant in the Post Office, and his wife, Evelyn Mary Caroline Lihla (b...

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Lee, Arthur Hamilton, Viscount Lee of Fareham (1868–1947), politician and patron of the arts, was born on 8 November 1868 at the rectory, Bridport, Dorset, the youngest of the two sons and three daughters of the rector, the Revd Melville Lauriston Lee (1821–1870)...

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Lockhart, Sir James Haldane Stewart (1858–1937), colonial official and art collector, was born on 25 May 1858 in the ancestral home of Ardsheal in Argyll, Scotland, the sixth of the nine children of Miles Lockhart and his wife, Anna Rebecca Charlotte Stewart (...

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Massey, (Charles) Vincent (1887–1967), diplomatist and patron of the arts, was born in Toronto, Ontario, on 20 February 1887, the eldest son of Chester Daniel Massey (1850–1926) and his wife, Anna Dobbins Vincent (1859–1903). Raymond Massey, the film actor and director, was his younger brother. The family house, ...

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A. F. Robbins

revised by Matthew Kilburn

Morice, Humphry (1723–1785), politician and art collector, was baptized on 20 May 1723 at St Dunstan-in-the-East, London, the elder son of Humphry Morice (bap. 1679, d. 1731), governor of the Bank of England, and his second wife, Catherine (d. 1743), daughter of ...