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Arthur Capel, first Baron Capel of Hadham (1604–1649) by Cornelius Johnson, c. 1640 [The Capel Family] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Capel, Arthur, first Baron Capel of Hadham (1604–1649), royalist army officer and politician, was born on 20 February 1604 at Hadham Hall, Hertfordshire, the only son of Sir Henry Capel (d. 1622) of Hadham Parva and Theodosia, daughter of Sir Edward Montagu...

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Caulfeild, Toby, first Baron Caulfeild of Charlemont (bap. 1565, d. 1627), soldier, politician, and landowner, was baptized on 2 December 1565 at Great Milton, Oxfordshire, a younger son of Alexander Caulfeild. Nothing is known of his early years or education, but from 1590 he pursued a military career, sailing on ...

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Cecil, Edward, Viscount Wimbledon (1572–1638), soldier and politician, was the third son of Sir Thomas Cecil (1542–1623), created earl of Exeter in May 1605, and Dorothy (1546?–1609), daughter and coheir of John Neville, fourth and last Baron Latimer. He was born on 29 February 1572 at ...

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Henry Cromwell (1628–1674) by Christiaan Janszoon Dusart unknown collection; photograph Sotheby's Picture Library, London / National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cromwell, Henry (1628–1674), soldier, politician, and lord lieutenant of Ireland, was born on 20 January 1628 at Huntingdon and baptized there at All Saints' Church on 29 January, the fifth of nine children and fourth among the five sons of Oliver Cromwell (1599–1658)...

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Maker: Marcus Gheeraerts the younger

Robert Devereux, second earl of Essex (1565–1601) by Marcus Gheeraerts the younger, c. 1597 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Devereux, Robert, second earl of Essex (1565–1601), soldier and politician, was born on 10 November 1565. He was the elder son and heir of Walter Devereux, first earl of Essex (1539–1576). Through his mother, Lettice (1543–1634), he was a member of Elizabeth I's...

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Goodere, Sir Henry (1534–1595), member of parliament and soldier, was the eldest son of Francis Goodere (d. 1546), gentleman, of Polesworth, Warwickshire, and Ursula, daughter of Ralph Rowlett. He married Frances, daughter of Hugh Lowther of Lowther, Westmorland, and had two daughters, ...

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Hamilton, James, sixth earl of Abercorn (c. 1661–1734), soldier and politician, was the eldest son of James Hamilton (d. 1673) and Elizabeth (c.1637–1709), daughter of John Colepeper, Baron Colepeper (bap. 1600, d. 1660); his grandfather was Sir George Hamilton (d. 1679)...

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See Herbert, Philip, first earl of Montgomery and fourth earl of Pembroke

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Hutchinson, Christopher [Kit] Hely- (1767–1826), soldier and politician, the fifth son of John Hely-Hutchinson (1724–1794), politician and provost of Trinity College, Dublin, and Christiana Nikson (bap. 1732, d. 1788) of Munny, co. Wicklow, was born in Ireland on 5 April 1767. John Hely-Hutchinson, ...

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Knyvet, Sir Henry (1537?–1598), soldier and member of parliament, was the first son of Sir Henry Knyvet (d. 1546?) and his wife, Anne, daughter of Sir Christopher Pickering. In 1563 he married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir James Stumpe of Charlton, near ...

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Mansell, Bussy (1623–1699), soldier and politician, was born at Briton Ferry, Glamorgan, on 22 November 1623, the second son of Arthur Mansell (d. in or before 1628), himself a second son, and his wife, Jane Price (d. 1638), heir of a ...

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Moore, Garret [Gerald], first Viscount Moore of Drogheda (1565/6–1627), politician and soldier, was the second but first surviving son of Sir Edward Moore (c. 1530–1602) and his first wife, Elizabeth (d. 1581), widow successively of Humphrey Warren, Christopher Blunt, and Sir William Brabazon...

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Jonathan Peel (1799–1879) by Sir Francis Grant, exh. RA 1862 by permission of Huntingdon Town Council

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Peel, Jonathan (1799–1879), politician, soldier, and patron of the turf, the fifth son of Sir Robert Peel, first baronet (1750–1830), cotton manufacturer, and his first wife, Ellen Yates (1766–1803), and brother of Sir Robert Peel, second baronet, the politician, was born at Chamber Hall...

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Slaney, William Slaney Kenyon- (1847–1908), soldier and politician, was born on 24 August 1847 at Rajkot in India. He was the eldest son of William Kenyon, then a captain in the 2nd Bombay cavalry, and Frances Catherine, the daughter and heir of Robert A. Slaney...

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Vereker, Charles, second Viscount Gort (1768–1842), soldier and politician, was the second son of Thomas Vereker of Roxborough, co. Limerick, and his wife, Juliana, sister of John Prendergast Smyth, first Viscount Gort. He was descended from a family of Flemish extraction, long settled in ...

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See Wenman, Thomas, second Viscount Wenman