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Barnham, Benedict (bap. 1559, d. 1598), merchant and benefactor, was baptized on 2 June 1559 at St Mildred Poultry, London, the fourth and youngest son of Alice Barnham, silkwoman and benefactor, and her husband, Francis Barnham [see under Barnham, Alice], draper and local politician. From 1559 the family lived at ...

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Colston, Edward (1636–1721), merchant and philanthropist, was born on 2 November 1636 in Temple Street, Bristol, the eldest of probably eleven children (six boys and five girls are known) of William Colston (1608–1681), a merchant, and his wife, Sarah, née Batten (d...

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Colwall, Daniel (d. 1690), merchant and philanthropist, has an obscure family background, and nothing is known about his early life. He was elected a fellow of the Royal Society on 16 January 1661, and was a council member (1663–86 and 1689) and treasurer from 1665 to 1679 [...

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Cory, John (1828–1910), coal broker and philanthropist, was born on 28 March 1828 at Bideford, the eldest of five sons of Richard Cory (1799–1882), merchant, and Sarah, both of Bideford. The father was the owner and master of a small vessel in the coastal trade, and his decision in the 1830s to open a store as ship's chandler and provision merchant in ...

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Cotton, William (1786–1866), merchant and philanthropist, was born on 12 September 1786 at Leytonstone, Essex, the third son of Joseph Cotton (1745–1825), a mariner and merchant, and his wife, Sarah (1751–1818), the daughter of John Harrison, a merchant and director of the Bank of England...

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See Culverwell family

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Dowe, Robert (c. 1523–1612), merchant and benefactor, was the second son of Henry Dove of Stradbroke, Suffolk, and Alice Nowell. He was apprenticed to Nicholas Wilford, a prominent member of the Merchant Taylors' Company of London, of which he became free in 1550. It was probably soon after this that he married ...

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Faneuil, Peter (1700–1743), merchant and philanthropist in America, was born in New Rochelle, New York, on 20 June 1700, the son of Benjamin Faneuil (d. 1719), merchant, and Anne Bureau. A Huguenot expelled in 1685 from France after the revocation of the edict of Nantes, ...

Image

Jonas Hanway (bap. 1712, d. 1786) by James Northcote, 1785 private collection. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Hanway, Jonas (bap. 1712, d. 1786), merchant and philanthropist, was baptized on 2 August 1712 at the parish church of St Thomas, Portsmouth, the second of four children of Thomas Hanway (bap. 1671, d. 1714), the navy's agent victualler in Portsmouth, and his wife, ...

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Quintin Hogg (1845–1903) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

G. S. Woods

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Hogg, Quintin (1845–1903), merchant and philanthropist, of Scottish descent, fourteenth child and seventh son of Sir James Weir Hogg, first baronet (1790–1876), East India Company chairman and MP, and his wife, Mary Claudine (d. 26 June 1874), daughter of Samuel Swinton of the ...

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Kendrick, John (bap. 1574, d. 1624), merchant and benefactor, was baptized at St Mary's Church, Reading, Berkshire, on 18 May 1574, the third of probably five children of Thomas Kendrick (d. 1588), mercer and mayor of Reading (1580–81), and his wife, Agnes, probably ...

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See Maclure, Edward Craig

Article

Henry Summerson and M. C. Curthoys

Mico, Sir Samuel (d. 1666), merchant and benefactor, was the son of Richard Mico and his wife, surnamed Allen. He had a younger brother, John, and a sister, Hester. His family claimed to have originated in the Île-de-France, with the name Micault, and to have settled in ...

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Owens, John (1790–1846), merchant and philanthropist, was born in Manchester, the eldest son of Owen Owens (1764–1844) and his wife, Sarah (née Humphreys). Two other sons died in infancy. His parents were Welsh, his father being a native of Holywell, Flintshire; they married in 1788 and moved to ...

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Palmer, George (1772–1853), merchant and philanthropist, born on 11 February 1772, was the eldest son of William Palmer (1748?–1821), a London merchant descended from the Palmers of Wanlip, an old Leicestershire family, and his wife, Mary (b. 1747), only daughter of John Horsley...

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Romney, Sir William (d. 1611), merchant and philanthropist, is of unknown parentage. The preoccupations of his will indicate that he was possibly a native of Tetbury, Gloucestershire, and his fond reference to his wife's parents may indicate that he was orphaned and sent to ...

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See Thorne, Robert, the elder

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Thornton, John (1720–1790), merchant and philanthropist, was born on 1 April 1720, the only son of Robert Thornton of Clapham, Surrey, and his first wife, Hannah Swynocke. His father was a merchant, and became a director of the Bank of England. After his death ...