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John Anstis (1669–1744) attrib. Thomas Hudson The College of Arms

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Anstis, John (1669–1744), herald and antiquary, was born at St Neot, Cornwall, on 28 or 29 August 1669, the first son of John Anstis (d. 1692), registrar of the archdeaconry of Cornwall, and Mary (1641×52–1669), daughter of George Smith of Lantewy and ...

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Ascham, Roger (1514/15–1568), author and royal tutor, was born at Kirby Wiske, near Northallerton in the North Riding of Yorkshire, the third of the four sons of John Ascham (d. 1544), steward to Henry, seventh Lord Scrope of Bolton, and his wife, ...

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Bacon [née Cooke], Anne, Lady Bacon (c. 1528–1610), gentlewoman and scholar, was probably born at Gidea Hall, Essex. She was third of the nine children of Sir Anthony Cooke (1505/6–1576), one of the humanist educators who tutored Edward VI, and Anne (...

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Anne Bacon, Lady Bacon (c. 1528–1610) by unknown artist reproduced by permission of the Earl of Verulam. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Beltz, George Frederick (1774–1841), genealogist, was born on 9 August 1774, the eldest son and second of seven children of George Nicholas Beltz of St George's, Bloomsbury, coal merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1796), only child of Samuel Gutteridge of Purley, Berkshire...

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Bigland, Ralph (1712–1784), herald and cheesemonger, was born on 29 January 1712 at Stepney, Middlesex, the only son of Richard Bigland (1658–1725) of Wapping, tallow chandler, and his second wife, Mary (1676–1736), daughter of George Errington of Benwell, Northumberland. His father was a native of ...

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Ralph Bigland (1712–1784) by Charles Townley, 1771 (after Richard Brompton) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Borough, Sir John (d. 1643), antiquary and herald, was the son of John Borough of Sandwich, Kent, and his wife, a daughter of Robert Denne of Dennehill, Kent, who inherited land in The Hague. His grandfather William Borough was apparently married to a Dutchwoman, and his father was described by contemporaries as a Dutch gardener or brewer. He should not be confused with ...

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Boutell, Charles (1812–1877), writer on heraldry and antiquities, was born on 1 August 1812 at Pulham St Mary, Norfolk, the son of the Revd Charles Boutell (1771–1855), perpetual curate of Repps-with-Bastwick, Norfolk (1808–48), and his wife, Mary Elizabeth (née Day). He entered ...

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Brooke, John Charles (1748–1794), herald and antiquary, was born on 27 August 1748 at Fieldhead, in the parish of Silkstone, Yorkshire, the younger son of William Brooke (1706–1755), and his wife, Alice (b. 1718), eldest daughter and coheir of William Mawhood, sometime mayor and alderman of ...

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Thompson Cooper

Reviser J. A. Marchand

Browne, Thomas (1702–1780), herald and land surveyor, was born in Derby, the second son of John Browne of Ashbourne, Derbyshire. He was first employed as surveyor to John Warburton, Somerset herald, and then to the dukes of Beaufort. He entered the College of Arms...

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Buck [Buc], Sir George (bap. 1560, d. 1622), master of the revels and historian, was baptized in Holy Trinity, Ely, Cambridgeshire, on 1 October 1560, the eldest son and probably second of the four children of Robert Buck (d. 1580), church official, and ...

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Bysshe, Sir Edward (c. 1610–1679), herald and politician, was one of the seven children of Edward Bysshe MP (d. 1655), of Burstow, Surrey, and his wife, Mary, daughter of John Turner of Ham, Bletchingley, Surrey. The family had been at Burstow since the fifteenth century, and there his father, a successful lawyer in the ...

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William Camden (1551–1623) by unknown artist, 1622–3 private collection. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Camden, William (1551–1623), historian and herald, was born on 2 May 1551 at the Old Bailey, London, the son of Sampson Camden and his wife, Elizabeth Curwen. Sampson, originally from Lichfield, had settled in London as a painter–stainer, a profession which made a lasting impression on his son and which ...

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Mildred Cecil, Lady Burghley (1526–1589) attrib. Hans Eworth, c. 1563 The Marquess of Salisbury

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Cecil [née Cooke], Mildred, Lady Burghley (1526–1589), noblewoman and scholar, was born in 1526, the eldest of five daughters and four sons of Sir Anthony Cooke (1505/6–1576), Edward VI's tutor, of Gidea Hall in Essex, and Anne (d. 1553), daughter of ...

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Charles [Carles], Nicholas (bap. 1582, d. 1613), herald, was baptized in Holy Trinity Church, Stratford upon Avon, Warwickshire, on 13 June 1582, the eldest son of George Carles (or Careles) and Joan Slye. The Carles family of Stratford was armigerous; a quarterly coat was assigned to ...

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Cheke, Sir John (1514–1557), humanist, royal tutor, and administrator, was born on 16 June 1514 in a house on the corner of Market Hill and Petty Cury in Cambridge, the son of Peter Cheke (d. 1530), administrator, of Cambridge, and his wife, ...