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Sir George Cayley, sixth baronet (1773–1857) by Henry Perronet Briggs, 1840 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cayley, Sir George, sixth baronet (1773–1857), aeronautical designer, was born on 27 December 1773 in Scarborough, Yorkshire, the only son of Sir Thomas Cayley (1732–1792), and his wife, Isabella Seton (d. 1828); there were also four daughters. After brief schooling in York...

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Edwards, Sir George Robert (1908–2003), aircraft designer and industrialist, was born on 9 July 1908 at 12 The Parade, Highams Park, Walthamstow, Essex, the son of Edwin George Edwards (1872–1938), a tobacconist and confectioner, and his wife, Mary Elizabeth (1872–1908), daughter of Robert Freeman...

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Sir George Robert Edwards (1908–2003) by Godfrey Argent © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Green, Gustavus (1865–1964), aero-engine designer, was born in Hounslow, Middlesex, on 11 March 1865. He subsequently took the surname of his stepfather, Samuel Green. At the age of about sixteen he moved to Hastings where he was in turn a jeweller and a hairdresser; in 1897 he moved to ...

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Havilland, Sir Geoffrey de (1882–1965), aircraft and aero-engine designer and manufacturer, was born at Magdala House, Terriers Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, on 27 July 1882, second of three sons of the Revd Charles de Havilland (1854–1920) and his first wife, Alice Jeannette (1854–1911), daughter of ...

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Sir Geoffrey de Havilland (1882–1965) by Sir Oswald Birley, 1940 reproduced with permission of BAE Systems plc

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Hopkinson, Bertram (1874–1918), mechanical and aeronautical engineer, was born on 11 January 1874 at Woodlea, Birmingham, the eldest son of John Hopkinson FRS (1849–1898), electrical engineer, and his wife, Evelyn Oldenbourg. His father was himself the son of an engineer. He attended St Paul's School, London...

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Morgan, Sir Morien Bedford (1912–1978), aeronautical engineer, was born on 20 December 1912 at Caroline Street, Bridgend, Glamorgan, the elder son (there were no surviving daughters) of John Bedford Morgan (1883–1961), draper, and his wife, Edith Mary Thomas (1884–1960), teacher. He was educated at ...

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See Paget, Sir Richard Arthur Surtees, second baronet

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Pateman, Jack Edward (1921–2004), aviation engineer and businessman, was born on 29 November 1921 in West Somerton, Norfolk, the son of William Edward Pateman, head gamekeeper, and his wife, Lucy Varley, née Jetten. After attending Great Yarmouth grammar school he served in the ...

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Pierson, Reginald Kirshaw [Rex] (1891–1948), aircraft designer and engineer, was born on 9 February 1891 at Little Fransham, Norfolk, the eldest of the four children of Kirshaw Thomson Pierson (d. 1920), rector of Little Fransham, and his wife, Helen Mary, née Cobb (1864–1954)...

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Roe, Sir (Edwin) Alliott Verdon- (1877–1958), aircraft designer and manufacturer, was born Edwin Alliott Verdon Roe at Patricroft, Manchester, on 26 April 1877, the fourth child of a family of three girls and four boys of Edwin Hodgson Roe, a doctor, and his wife, ...

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Russell, Sir Archibald Edward (1904–1995), aircraft design engineer, was born on 30 May 1904 at Bradley Street, Wotton under Edge, Gloucestershire, one of the four sons of Arthur Hallett Russell (d. 1961), schoolmaster, and his wife, Edith Maud Richards. Archibald aspired to be an engineer from the age of six, when he first played with Meccano. He went to ...

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Wallis, Sir Barnes Neville (1887–1979), aeronautical designer and engineer, was born on 26 September 1887 at Ripley, Derbyshire, the second child in the family of three sons and one daughter of Charles George Wallis, general practitioner, and his wife, Edith Eyre, daughter of the ...

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Sir Barnes Neville Wallis (1887–1979) by Alfred Egerton Cooper, 1942 © Estate of Sir Barnes Wallis / National Portrait Gallery, London

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Williams, Thomas Eifion Hopkins (1923–2001), civil and transport engineer, was born on 14 June 1923 at Castle House, Lower Cwmtwrch, near Ystradgynlais, Brecknockshire, the second son and fourth child of David Garfield Williams, a miner, and his wife, Annie Mary, née Hopkins. Educated at ...