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Atkinson, Mabel (1876–1958), feminist and socialist, was born on 22 May 1876 at Ridley Mill, Broomley, near Stocksfield, in rural Northumberland. She was the daughter of John Boland Atkinson, inspector of mines, and his wife, Jane, née Elliott (b. 1853), feminist and militant suffragette; she had four brothers and one sister. Her parents were, as she later said, progressive and sympathetic on female education and employment. As a young woman, however, she chafed against restrictive middle-class Victorian behaviour and dress; she considered the bicycle 'the first great emancipation' for women (...

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Anthony Louis Banks, Baron Stratford (1942–2006) by David Mansell, 2002 Camera Press, London

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Banks, Anthony Louis [Tony], Baron Stratford (1942–2006), politician, was born on 8 April 1942 at Jubilee Maternity Hospital, Belfast, the only son and elder child of Albert Herbert Banks, a sergeant in the Royal Army Service Corps, who before the Second World War had been a toolmaker, and his wife, ...

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Dickinson, Goldsworthy Lowes (1862–1932), scholar and advocate of a league of nations, was born on 6 August 1862 at Langham Chambers, near Oxford Circus, London, the third of the five children of Lowes Cato Dickinson (1819–1908) and his wife, Margaret Ellen (d...

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Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson (1862–1932) by Roger Fry, 1925 The Provost and Scholars of King's College, Cambridge

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Margaret Doreen Duff (1910–1981) by Chris Ware, 1961 Getty Images

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Duff [née Eames], Margaret Doreen [Peggy] (1910–1981), political activist, was born at 51 Wolseley Gardens, Chiswick, Middlesex, on 8 February 1910, the elder daughter and middle child of Frank Eames, stockbrokers' clerk, organist, and later secretary of the Incorporated Society of Musicians...

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Durant, Henry William (1902–1982), opinion pollster and market researcher, was born at 42 Drummond Road, Bermondsey, London, on 23 October 1902, the first son and second of the five children of Henry William Durant (1870–1913), general warehouseman and later a foreman in a grain mill, and his wife, ...

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Haldane, Richard Burdon, Viscount Haldane (1856–1928), politician, educationist, and lord chancellor, was born at 17 Charlotte Square, Edinburgh, on 30 July 1856. He was the second son (but first surviving infancy) of Robert Haldane (1805–1877), writer to the signet and a Baptist, and his second wife, ...

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Richard Burdon Haldane, Viscount Haldane (1856–1928) by Lafayette, 1906 V&A Images, The Victoria and Albert Museum

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Jones, Arthur Creech (1891–1964), politician, was born at 11 Arthur Street, Redfield, St George, Bristol, on 15 May 1891, the second of the three sons of Joseph Jones, journeyman lithographic printer, and his wife, Rosina Sweet. Until 1905 he attended Whitehall Boys' School...

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Arthur Creech Jones (1891–1964) by Bassano, 1946 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Lakeman, Enid (1903–1995), political reformer, was born on 28 November 1903 at Broadview, Hadlow, near Tonbridge, Kent, the only child of Horace Bradlaugh Lakeman (1874–1962), an excise officer, and Evereld Simpson (1867–1950), youngest daughter of John Harwood Simpson and his wife, Jane Ann...

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Dame Alix Hester Marie Meynell, Lady Meynell (1903–1999) by Walter Bird, 1958 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Meynell [née Kilroy], Dame Alix Hester Marie, Lady Meynell (1903–1999), civil servant, was born at Felixstowe, The Park, Nottingham, on 2 February 1903, the second daughter and second child in the family of four daughters and one son of Lancelot Kilroy (...

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Plowman, Mark [Max] (1883–1941), pacifist and writer, was born on 1 September 1883 at Northumberland Park, Tottenham, the fourth son of Mark Plowman (d. 1929), brickworks owner, and his wife, Anna Maria, née Hunt. He was educated at 'various inferior private schools' (...

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Rackham [née Tabor], Clara Dorothea (1875–1966), suffragist and political activist, was born at 44 Lansdowne Road, Notting Hill, London, on 3 December 1875, the fifth and youngest child and second daughter of Henry Samuel Tabor, a nervous, pessimistic, and shy member of a Congregationalist and public-spirited farming family long settled in the ...

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William Alexander Robson (1895–1980) by Elliott & Fry, 1963 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Robson, William Alexander (1895–1980), jurist and reformer, was born on 14 July 1895 at Finchley, Middlesex, the first son and youngest of three children of Jack Robson, born Jacob Alexander Isaacs, a dealer in pearls in Hatton Garden, and his wife, Esther Louisa Afriat...

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Skeffington, Francis Sheehy- (1878–1916), women's rights activist and pacifist, was born on 23 December 1878 in Bailieborough, co. Cavan, and christened Francis Joseph Christopher Skeffington, the only child of Joseph Bartholomew (J. B.) Skeffington (1847–1919), scholar and teacher, and his wife, Rose Magorian (1829–1909)...