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Ayrton [née Walshe; other married name Balchin], Elisabeth Evelyn (1910–1991), novelist and writer on cookery, was born on 2 February 1910 at Littlefield Farm, Worplesdon, Surrey, the eldest child of Douglas Thomas George Walshe (1880–1952) and his first wife, Phyllis Sydney, née...

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Bain, James Thompson (1860–1919), trade unionist in South Africa, was born at Dudhope Crescent, Dundee, on 6 March 1860, the third child of Andrew Bain and his wife, Eliza, née Thomson. His parents were both mill workers. At the age of seven he started work in a factory. At sixteen he joined the ...

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Birch [formerly Catlin-Birch], Reginald (1914–1994), trade unionist and political activist, was born Reginald Catlin-Birch on 7 June 1914 at 4 Chichester Terrace, Kilburn, London, one of the five children of Charles Catlin-Birch (d. 1928), house painter and builder, and his wife, ...

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Reginald Birch (1914–1994) by Harrison © News International Newspapers Ltd

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Elizabeth Margaret Braddock (1899–1970) by unknown photographer, 1958 [The Braddocks [left to right]: Myles White, , and Jack Braddock (1892-1963) ] © reserved / unknown collection; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Braddock [née Bamber], Elizabeth Margaret [Bessie] (1899–1970), trade union activist and politician, was born at Zante Street, Liverpool, on 24 September 1899, the elder daughter of Hugh Bamber, bookbinder, and his wife, Mary, daughter of Andrew Little, an Edinburgh lawyer. Mary Bamber...

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Dallas, George (1878–1961), trade unionist and politician, was born in Glasgow on 6 August 1878, the son of George Dallas, a shoemaker, and Mary Hay. He grew up in Kilmaurs, Ayrshire, and worked at a coalmine after leaving elementary school before resuming his formal education at the ...

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Dash, Jack O'Brien (1907–1989), political activist and unofficial dockers' leader, was born on 23 April 1907 in Southwark, south London, the youngest of four sons of Joseph Thomas Dash, a stagehand, and his wife, Rose Gertrude Johns, an actor. According to Dash's own account, his upbringing was one of great material hardship. His mother died of tuberculosis when he was seven and his father, who then had an even greater struggle to support the family, also died of a lung complaint a few years later. After an elementary schooling, his skill at drawing led to a trial period with an engraving firm, but pressure to take home a better wage resulted in a series of menial jobs, starting in a ...

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Eaton, Peter (1914–1993), bookseller, was born Peter Eton at 8 York Gate, London, on 24 January 1914. His father is unknown, but his mother was (Elizabeth) Maria Eton, who later married George Papp and lived in Hungary. Peter was advertised in the Nursing Times...

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Etheridge, Richard Albert [Dick] (1909–1985), trade unionist, was born on 27 December 1909 in Halesowen, son of Alfred and Berthie, née Rudge. Shortly afterwards the family moved to Birmingham, where Alfred ran a café. Dick attended St Thomas's School and Handsworth Technical School...

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Gili, John Louis (1907–1998), bookseller, publisher, and Catalan scholar, was born Joan Lluís Gili i Serra on 10 February 1907 in Barcelona, the son of Lluís Gili Roig (1882–1957), bookseller and publisher, and his wife, Victoria Serra Sunyol. He was thus a scion of a publishing house founded by ...

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Goldie, Sir George Dashwood Taubman (1846–1925), founder of the Royal Niger Company, was born at The Nunnery, Isle of Man, on 20 May 1846, the fourth and youngest son of Lieutenant-Colonel John Taubman Goldie-Taubman, of the Scots guards, speaker of the House of Keys...

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Sir George Dashwood Taubman Goldie (1846–1925) by Sir Hubert von Herkomer, 1898 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Gutteridge, Joseph (1816–1899), silk weaver and naturalist, was born on 23 March 1816 in Coventry, the eldest of the three sons of Joseph Gutteridge, a recruiting sergeant, and his first wife, Sarah Shaw. Educated from 1821 in two schools, run by a Quaker woman and Wesleyan preacher respectively, he then went to ...

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Keyzer [née Mitchell], Isabella [Bella] (1922–1992), textile and shipyard worker, and women's activist, was born on 29 August 1922 at 3 Blinshall Street, Dundee, the youngest of three children of Thomas Mitchell (c.1880–c.1949), a baker, and his second wife, ...

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Macarthur [married name Anderson], Mary Reid (1880–1921), women's labour organizer, was born at Glasgow on 13 August 1880, the eldest daughter of John Duncan Macarthur, proprietor of a drapery business, and his wife, Anne Elizabeth Martin. She was one of six children, of whom only three survived. Educated at ...

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Mary Reid Macarthur (1880–1921) by unknown photographer by permission of the People's History Museum

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Cyril Wheatley Maplethorpe (1898–1983) by Anna Zinkeisen Museum of the Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain

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Maplethorpe, Cyril Wheatley (1898–1983), pharmaceutical manufacturer, was born on 20 April 1898 at 68 Balfour Street, Drypool, Kingston upon Hull, the son of Jack Maplethorpe, a police constable, and his wife, Emeline Annie, née Vesiter. He was educated at Hymers College, Hull, where he held a scholarship, before going on to study pharmacy at ...

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Maynard, (Vera) Joan (1921–1998), trade unionist and politician, was born on 5 July 1921 at Brooklands, Easingwold, Yorkshire, the daughter of Matthew Maynard, a small farmer trying to scratch a living from 17 acres of land, and his wife, Effie Eliza, née Wright...