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Beales, Hugh Lancelot (1889–1988), economist and social historian, born at Sedbergh, Yorkshire, on 18 February 1889, was the son of William Beales, a Wesleyan Methodist minister, and his wife, Zaida Mary Ann Elizabeth Scantlebury Green. He grew up in a radical political household. He was sent to the ...

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Antonin Besse (1877–1951) by unknown photographer courtesy of St Antony's College, Oxford

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Besse, Antonin (1877–1951), entrepreneur and benefactor, was born on 26 June 1877 at Carcassonne in southern France, the third son and fourth child in the family of four boys and three girls of Pierre Besse, leather merchant, and his wife, Marie Bonnafous. In failing health ...

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Blaug, Mark (1927–2011), economist and historian of economics, was born Norbert Blauaug on 3 April 1927 in The Hague, Netherlands, the second son of Berl Blauaug (later Bernard Blaug), raincoat manufacturer, and his wife, Sarah, née Toeman. His father had Austro-Hungarian nationality and his mother was English. They were a Jewish family but ...

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Mark Blaug (1927–2011) by unknown photographer, 1970s photograph reproduced by courtesy of The British Academy

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Currie, Bertram Wodehouse (1827–1896), banker, was born on 25 November 1827, at Harley Street, Marylebone, Middlesex, the second son of Raikes Currie (1801–1881), banker and MP for Northampton (1835–57), and his wife, the Hon. Laura Sophia (d. 1869), daughter of the second Baron Wodehouse...

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Durant, Henry William (1902–1982), opinion pollster and market researcher, was born at 42 Drummond Road, Bermondsey, London, on 23 October 1902, the first son and second of the five children of Henry William Durant (1870–1913), general warehouseman and later a foreman in a grain mill, and his wife, ...

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Fawcett, Henry (1833–1884), economist and politician, was born on 26 August 1833 in Salisbury, Wiltshire, the third of four children of William Fawcett (1793–1887), a draper, and his wife, Mary Cooper (d. 1889), the daughter of a local solicitor. Henry's brothers, William...

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Gifford, (Thomas Johnstone) Carlyle (1881–1975), lawyer and investment trust manager, was born at Ingleston, Twynholm, Kirkcudbrightshire, on 14 January 1881, the son of Patrick Gifford, a farmer, and his wife, Barbara Sloan Grierson. He was educated at George Watson's College, Edinburgh, and Edinburgh University...

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Kalecki, Michał (1899–1970), economist and policy adviser, was born on 22 June 1899 into a Polish-Jewish family in Łódź, now in Poland, then occupied by Russia. He was the only child of Abram Kalecki (d. 1933), the owner of a small cotton mill, and his wife, ...

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McIntosh, Andrew Robert, Baron McIntosh of Haringey (1933–2010), market researcher and politician, was born on 30 April 1933 in the Royal Free Hospital, Hampstead, London, the elder of two children of Albert William McIntosh (1904–1994), then a clerk for a business consultant, and his wife, ...

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Nove [formerly Novakovsky], Alexander [Alec] (1915–1994), economist and historian, was born on 24 November 1915 in St Petersburg (then Petrograd), the only child of Russian Jewish parents. His father, Jacob Novakovsky (1875–1933), was a Social Democrat of Menshevik persuasion, his mother, Rachel ...

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Alexander Nove (1915–1994) by James L. Millar © James L. Millar

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Joan Violet Robinson (1903–1983) by Ramsey & Muspratt © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Robinson [née Maurice], Joan Violet (1903–1983), economist, was born in Camberley, Surrey, on 31 October 1903, the third child in the family of one son and four daughters of Major-General Sir Frederick Barton Maurice (1871–1951), a professional soldier who later became principal of ...

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Silver, Jonathan (1949–1997), businessman and gallery owner, was born on 21 October 1949 at St Luke's Hospital, Horton Lane, Bradford, Yorkshire, one of the two sons of Sydney Samuel Silver (b. 1917), retail draper, and his wife, Irene Betty, née Morris, whose mother ran a boarding-house for Jewish refugees. Educated at ...

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Thompson, William (1775–1833), socialist and economist, was born into an ascendancy family at Cork. His grandfather was a protestant clergyman and his father, John Thompson, a wealthy Cork merchant who became speaker and mayor of the municipality and later high sheriff of the county. ...