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Ayrton [née Marks], (Phoebe) Sarah [Hertha] (1854–1923), electrical engineer and suffragist, was born Phoebe Sarah Marks on 28 April 1854 at 6 Queen Street, Portsea, Portsmouth, third child of Alice Theresa (d. 1898), seamstress, daughter of Joseph Moss, glass merchant of ...

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Teresa Mary Billington- Greig (1876–1964) by unknown photographer The Women's Library, London Metropolitan University

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Greig, Teresa Mary Billington- (1876–1964), suffragette and political theorist, was born at 197 Friargate, Preston, Lancashire, on 15 October 1876, the second daughter of William Billington, variously described as an engineer, shopkeeper, and shipping clerk, and his wife, Helen (or Ellen) Wilson. She was educated until the age of thirteen at the ...

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Herzen, Alexander [Aleksandr Ivanovich Gertsen] (1812–1870), radical publicist, was born at what is now 25 Tverskoy bulvar, Moscow, on 25 March 1812 os (6 April 1812 ns), the illegitimate son of the rich nobleman Ivan Alekseyevich Yakovlev (1767–1846) and his young German consort, ...

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Rosalind Frances Howard, countess of Carlisle (1845–1921) by George Howard, ninth earl of Carlisle, 1868 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Howard [née Stanley], Rosalind Frances, countess of Carlisle (1845–1921), promoter of women's political rights and of temperance reform, was born on 20 February 1845, probably at Alderley, Cheshire. She was the youngest daughter of Edward John Stanley, second Baron Stanley of Alderley...

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William Lovett (1800–1877) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Lovett, William (1800–1877), Chartist and radical, was born in Newlyn, Cornwall, on 8 May 1800, the son of William Lovett, captain of a small trading vessel and a native of Hull, who was drowned before Lovett's birth. His mother, Kezia (née Green) (...

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Martyn, Edith How (1875–1954), suffragist and advocate of birth control, was born on 17 June 1875 at Bexley Road, Lessness Heath, Erith, Kent, the daughter of Edwin How, grocer, and his wife, Anne Darley. She was educated at The Hall, Cheltenham, and North London Collegiate School for Girls...

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Maker: Elliott & Fry

William Alexander Robson (1895–1980) by Elliott & Fry, 1963 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Robson, William Alexander (1895–1980), jurist and reformer, was born on 14 July 1895 at Finchley, Middlesex, the first son and youngest of three children of Jack Robson, born Jacob Alexander Isaacs, a dealer in pearls in Hatton Garden, and his wife, Esther Louisa Afriat...

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Maker: George Howard, ninth earl of Carlisle

Katharine Louisa Russell, Viscountess Amberley (1842–1874) by George Howard, ninth earl of Carlisle, 1864 © reserved

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Russell [née Stanley], Katharine Louisa [Kate], Viscountess Amberley (1842–1874), radical and suffragist, was born on 3 March 1842 at Alderley Park, Cheshire, into the strong-minded and eccentric family of the Stanleys of Alderley. She was the fifth daughter and eighth child in the family of seven girls and three boys of ...