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(Louis) Hector Berlioz (1803–1869) by Pierre Petit, 1863 Getty Images

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Berlioz, (Louis) Hector (1803–1869), composer and conductor, was born on 11 December 1803 in La Côte St André, in the département of Isère, France, the first of four children of Dr Louis-Joseph Berlioz and his wife, Marie-Antoinette-Joséphine, commonly known as Joséphine, the daughter of ...

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Rutland Boughton (1878–1960) by Herbert Lambert, 1921 © Jenny Letton, administered by Composer Prints Ltd.; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Boughton, Rutland (1878–1960), composer, was born in Bicester Road, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, on 23 January 1878, the elder son in a family of two boys and one girl of William Rutland Boughton (1841–1905), a grocer at 37 Buckingham Street, and his wife, Grace Martha (1845–1924)...

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Clapham, John (1908–1992), musicologist, was born on 31 July 1908 at Studland, Baldock Road, Letchworth, Hertfordshire, the only son and the second of the three children of John Clapham (1870–1947), stockbroker, and his wife, Edith Maud Taylor (1875–1956). After school at Bedales, Clapham...

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Dent, Edward Joseph (1876–1957), musicologist, was born at Ribston Hall, Wetherby, Yorkshire, on 16 July 1876, the fourth and youngest son of John Dent, barrister and for many years an MP, and his wife, Mary Hebden, daughter of John Woodall, of Scarborough. A scholar at ...

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Finzi, Gerald Raphael (1901–1956), composer, was born on 14 July 1901 at 53 (now 93) Hamilton Terrace, St John's Wood, London, the fifth and last child of John Abraham Finzi, known as Jack (1860–1909), founder of a shipbroking company, and his wife, Eliza Emma Leverson, known as Lizzie (1865–1955)...

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Gerald Raphael Finzi (1901–1956) by Herbert Lambert © Jenny Letton, administered by Composer Prints Ltd.; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London / Country Life Picture Library

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Gonella, Nathaniel Charles [Nat] (1908–1998), jazz trumpeter and singer, was born on 7 March 1908 at 15 Edward Square, Islington, London, the fourth of seven children of Richard Henry Gonella (1871–1915), cab driver, and his wife, Elizabeth Susan Finnes. His father, who was of partly Italian descent, drove one of the first motorized ...

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Peter Andrew Hall (1936–1996) by unknown photographer © reserved; News International Syndication; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hall, Peter Andrew (1936–1996), folklorist and musicologist, was born on 28 June 1936 at 285 Harrow Road, Paddington, London, the son of Thomas Temple Hall, corporal in the Coldstream Guards, and Marion Coghill Smith. His parents married shortly after his birth. After an upbringing in ...

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Kinkel [née Mockel], Johanna (1810–1858), music teacher and exile, was born at 13 Josephstrasse, Bonn, on 8 July 1810. Her father, a schoolmaster, encouraged her musical talent; she was taught piano by Beethoven's instructor, Franz Anton Ries. In 1832 Johanna married a music publisher, ...

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Oliver, Stephen Michael Harding (1950–1992), composer, was born on 10 March 1950 at Chester Nursing Home, the last of the three children of Osborne George Oliver (b. 1903), an electricity board official, and his wife, (Charlotte) Hester, née Girdlestone (b. 1911)...

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Parry, Sir (Charles) Hubert Hastings, baronet (1848–1918), composer and historian of music, was born on 27 February 1848 at 2 Richmond Terrace, Bournemouth, the sixth of six children of Thomas Gambier Parry (1816–1888) of Highnam Court, Gloucestershire, painter and art collector, and his first wife, ...

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Sir (Charles) Hubert Hastings Parry, baronet (1848–1918) by Emil Otto Hoppé, 1915 by permission of the E. O. Hoppé Trust, Curatorial Assistance, Inc., Los Angeles; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Taylor, Desmond Christopher Shawe- (1907–1995), music critic, was born at 92 Lower Leeson Street, Dublin, on 29 May 1907, the elder of the two sons of Francis Manley (Frank) Shawe-Taylor (1869–1920), of Castle Lambert, co. Galway, magistrate and high sheriff for co. Galway...

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Desmond Christopher Shawe- Taylor (1907–1995) by unknown photographer © News International Syndication; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cyril Bailey

revised by Jeremy Dibble

Walker, Ernest (1870–1949), musicologist, was born in Bombay, India, on 15 July 1870, the son of Edward Walker, partner in a firm of East India merchants, and his wife, Caroline Cooper. His parents brought him to England in 1871 where he was taught first by his grandmother and aunt, before entering the ...

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Williams, Ralph Vaughan (1872–1958), composer and folk-song collector, was born on 12 October 1872 at the vicarage in Down Ampney, Gloucestershire, the youngest of the three children of the Revd Arthur Charles Vaughan Williams (1834–1875) and his wife, Margaret Wedgwood (1842–1937). There was distinction on both sides of the family. The ...

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Wilson, Gerald Hugh Tyrwhitt-, fourteenth Baron Berners (1883–1950), composer and eccentric, was born on 18 September 1883 at Apley Park, Bridgnorth, Shropshire, the only child of Lieutenant (later Commodore) Hugh Tyrwhitt (1856–1907), third son of Baroness Berners, and his wife, Julia Mary (1861–1931)...