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Adler, Hermann (1839–1911), chief rabbi, was born in Hanover on 30 May 1839, the second son of two sons and three daughters of Nathan Marcus Adler (1803–1890), then chief rabbi of Hanover, and his first wife, Henrietta Worms (d. 1854). In June 1845 the family moved to ...

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Hermann Adler (1839–1911) by Solomon Joseph Solomon, exh. RA 1906 London College of Jewish Studies; photograph © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Nathan Marcus Adler (1803–1890) by Barraud, pubd 1889 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Adler, Nathan Marcus (1803–1890), chief rabbi, was born on 15 January 1803 in Hanover, the third son of Mordecai Baer Adler, the unofficial chief rabbi in Hanover. His mother's name remains unknown. Adler's education, a synthesis of strict Orthodox Judaism and the world of secular scholarship, typified the modern outlook of ‘Torah-true’ Judaism fashioned in the wake of the Enlightenment. ...

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Alexander, David Lindo (1842–1922), lawyer and Jewish community leader, was born at 6 South Street, London, on 5 October 1842, second son in the large family of solicitor Joshua Alexander and his wife, Jemima (b. 1819), one of eighteen children of David Abarbanel Lindo...

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Brodie, Sir Israel (1895–1979), chief rabbi, was born at Newcastle upon Tyne on 10 May 1895 as the second son and second of the five children (one daughter; a son died in infancy) of Aaron Uri Brodie (originally Braude or Broide), a sales representative who had immigrated from ...

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Sir Israel Brodie (1895–1979) by Michael Wallach private collection; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cohen, Sir Benjamin Louis, first baronet (1844–1909), politician and Jewish communal leader, was born on 18 November 1844 at South Street, Finsbury, London, the eighth of nine surviving children of Louis Cohen (1799–1882), founder of the City firm of Louis Cohen & Sons...

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Sir Bernard Nathaniel Waley- Cohen, first baronet (1914–1991) by Miles & Kaye, 1961 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cohen, Sir Bernard Nathaniel Waley-, first baronet (1914–1991), public servant and businessman, was born on 29 May 1914 in London, the first son (and twin brother of Hetty) of the three children of Sir Robert Waley Cohen (1877–1952), businessman and government adviser, and his wife, ...

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Cohen [née Waley], Julia Matilda (1853–1917), community worker and educationist, was born on 6 September 1853 at 20 Wimpole Street, Marylebone, Middlesex, the daughter of Professor Jacob Waley (1818–1873), conveyancing counsel to the court of chancery and the first holder of the chair of political economy at ...

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Sir Robert Waley Cohen (1877–1952) by Bassano, 1946 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cohen, Sir Robert Waley (1877–1952), oil industrialist, was born in London on 8 September 1877, the second son of Nathaniel Louis Cohen, a leading figure in the City, and his wife, Julia Matilda Cohen (1853–1917), daughter of Jacob Waley (1818–1873). A sister of ...

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Hertz, Joseph Herman (1872–1946), chief rabbi, was born on 25 September 1872 in the village of Rebrin, near Michalovce in Slovakia, then part of Hungary, the second son of Simon Hertz (1847–1913) and his wife, Esther Fanny Moskowitz (1848–1936). The elder Hertz was a Jewish teacher and was ...

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Joseph Herman Hertz (1872–1946) by Walter Stoneman, 1943 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Joseph, Nathan Solomon (1834–1909), architect and social worker, was born on 17 December 1834 at The Crescent, The Minories, London, one of nine children of City merchant Solomon Joseph (1805–1868) and his wife, Jane Selig (d. 1893). Nathan was educated at home under private tutors and from 1852 to 1854 at ...

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Samuel, Walter Horace, second Viscount Bearsted (1882–1948), art collector and philanthropist, was born on 13 March 1882 in London, the eldest child and only surviving son of Marcus Samuel, first Viscount Bearsted (1853–1927), and his wife, Fanny Elizabeth Benjamin (1857–1927). Educated at Eton College...

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Singer, Simeon (1848–1906), rabbi, was born in London on 5 November 1848, the youngest son of Julius Singer, a clothier from Raab in Hungary, and his wife, Frederica Wolff of Hamburg. Singer went to the Jews' College School, London, where he subsequently became a teacher. In 1867 he became minister to the ...

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Sir Isaac Wolfson, first baronet (1897–1991) by Godfrey Argent, 1969 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Wolfson, Sir Isaac, first baronet (1897–1991), businessman and philanthropist, was born on 1 October 1897 at 12 Kidston Street, Glasgow, the second of three sons and one of nine children of Solomon Wolfson (1868–1941), a poor Orthodox Jewish immigrant from Russian Poland, who worked in ...