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Abramsky, Yehezkel (1886–1976), rabbinic scholar and Orthodox Jewish leader, was born on or about 7 February 1886 in Dashkovtsy, near Most and Grodno, Lithuania, the third child and eldest son of Mordecai Zalman Abramsky, a local timber merchant, and his wife, Freydel Goldin...

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Angel, Moses (1817/18–1898), headmaster and journal editor, was one of the eleven children of Emmanuel Moses (d. 1841), a publican, and his wife, Sarah. At some stage he transposed his name from Angel Moses to Moses Angel, probably in 1839 when his father was convicted at the ...

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Buchler, Adolph (1867–1939), college head, was born into a poor family of rabbinic stock on 18 October 1867 in the Slovakian village of Priekopa, then in Hungary. His father died in Adolph's infancy. He and his sister were brought up by their mother, whose brother was ...

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Franklin [née Montagu], Henrietta [Netta] (1866–1964), educationist and suffragist, was born on 9 April 1866 in London, the first of the eleven surviving children of Samuel Montagu, later first Baron Swaythling (1832–1911), foreign-exchange banker and Jewish philanthropist, and his wife, Ellen Cohen (1848–1919)...

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Goldsmid, Louisa Sophia, Lady Goldsmid (1819–1908), feminist and promoter of women's education, was born at Brighton, Sussex, on 2 September 1819, the only daughter of Moses Asher Goldsmid (1789–1864) and his first wife, Eliza (1800–1837), daughter of Levy Salomons. On her father's side, therefore, she was the granddaughter of the bullion broker ...

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Gollancz, Sir Hermann (1852–1930), rabbi and Semitic scholar, was born at Bremen on 30 November 1852, the eldest son of Rabbi Samuel Marcus Gollancz, minister of the Hambro Synagogue, then in Leadenhall Street, London, and his wife, Johanna Koppell. He had three sisters and three brothers, his youngest brother being ...

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Greenbaum, Salman Mendel [Sidney] (1929–1996), grammarian, was born on 31 December 1929 at Underwood Street, Stepney, London, the younger of the two sons of Lewis Greenbaum (d. 1944/5), a tailor, and Nellie Bernkopf. Greenbaum was thus brought up in the heart of the ‘Jewish’ ...

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Grunfeld [née Rosenbaum], Judith (1902–1998), headmistress, was born in Budapest, Hungary, on 18 December 1902, the youngest of four children, two boys and two girls, of Sandor Rosenbaum, a highly regarded scholar of Talmud, and his wife, Sarah Bamberger. She was descended from rabbis on both sides, from the Würzburger rav, ...

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Levi, David (1742–1801), writer on Judaism, was born in London to poor immigrant parents who could not afford to educate him. With the distant help of his grandfather in Poland he learned Hebrew while working as a shoemaker, later as a hatter, and still later as a printer. He read voraciously in Jewish literature from ancient times to the present, as well as in Christian writings about Judaism and about the ...

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Montefiore, Claude Joseph Goldsmid- (1858–1938), scholar and founder of Liberal Judaism, was born in London on 6 June 1858, the youngest of four children born to Nathaniel Mayer Montefiore (1819–1883), medical practitioner, and his wife, Emma, née Goldsmid (1819–1902). On his father's side ...

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Sidney Pollard (1925–1998) by unknown photographer [detail] © reserved; News International Syndication; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Pollard, Sidney [formerly Siegfried Pollak] (1925–1998), historian, was born in Vienna, Austria, on 21 April 1925, the second son of Moses Pollak, a commercial traveller, and his wife, Leontine Katz. His parents had both migrated to Vienna from Galicia, his father before the First World War. ...

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Yates, Dora Esther (1879–1974), bibliographer and Romani scholar, was born on 26 November 1879 in Liverpool, seventh of eight children of George Samuel Yates (1834–1887), importer of leaf tobacco, and his wife, Hannah Keyser (1840–1934). Having taught herself to read English and Hebrew before she was five, she attended ...