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Balcon, Sir Michael Elias (1896–1977), film producer, was born on 19 May 1896 at 116 Summer Lane, Edgbaston, Birmingham, the youngest son and fourth of five children of Louis Balcon (c.1858–1946) and his wife, Laura Greenberg (c.1863–1934). His parents, Jewish immigrants from ...

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Sir Michael Elias Balcon (1896–1977) by Howard Coster, 1936 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Franklin [née Montagu], Henrietta [Netta] (1866–1964), educationist and suffragist, was born on 9 April 1866 in London, the first of the eleven surviving children of Samuel Montagu, later first Baron Swaythling (1832–1911), foreign-exchange banker and Jewish philanthropist, and his wife, Ellen Cohen (1848–1919)...

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Henriques, Sir Basil Lucas Quixano (1890–1961), founder of youth clubs and magistrate, was born in London on 17 October 1890, the youngest of the five children of David Quixano Henriques, who had an import and export company in Manchester and London, and his wife, ...

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Joseph, Keith Sinjohn, Baron Joseph (1918–1994), politician, was born on 17 January 1918 at 63 Portland Place, London, the only child of Samuel Gluckstein Joseph, later Sir Samuel George Joseph, first baronet (1888–1944), businessman, and his wife, Edna Cicely (1896–1981), younger daughter of ...

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Keith Sinjohn Joseph, Baron Joseph (1918–1994) by Nicholas Posner, 1987 © Nicholas Posner; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Joseph, Nathan Solomon (1834–1909), architect and social worker, was born on 17 December 1834 at The Crescent, The Minories, London, one of nine children of City merchant Solomon Joseph (1805–1868) and his wife, Jane Selig (d. 1893). Nathan was educated at home under private tutors and from 1852 to 1854 at ...

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David Wiggins and Francis Dunlop

Kolnai, Aurel Thomas (1900–1973), philosopher, was born on 5 December 1900 in Budapest, Hungary, the second son of Ármin Stein (b. 1858), a savings bank director, and his wife, Valéria Glück (b. 1871), both Liberal Jews. Kolnai completed his secondary education (1910–18) with distinction at the ...

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Mattuck, Israel Isidor (1883–1954), rabbi, was born on 28 December 1883 in Shirvint, Lithuania, the third child of the seven children of Benjamin and Bessie (their original surname is unknown), who took the name Mattuck on arrival in the USA, c.1890. Israel Mattuck...

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Lilian Helen Montagu (1873–1963) by unknown artist Liberal Jewish Synagogue

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Montagu, Lilian Helen [Lily] (1873–1963), feminist and social worker, was born at 96 Lancaster Gate, London, on 22 December 1873, the sixth of the ten children of Samuel Montagu, first Baron Swaythling (1832–1911), and his wife, Ellen Cohen (1848–1919). Her father, Liberal MP for ...

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Montefiore, Claude Joseph Goldsmid- (1858–1938), scholar and founder of Liberal Judaism, was born in London on 6 June 1858, the youngest of four children born to Nathaniel Mayer Montefiore (1819–1883), medical practitioner, and his wife, Emma, née Goldsmid (1819–1902). On his father's side ...

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Praagh, Gordon Van (1909–2003), chemist and educationist, was born on 13 March 1909, at 3 Honeybourne Road, Hampstead, London, the eldest son of Harold John Van Praagh (1877–1946), a medical practitioner, and his Scottish wife, Ethel Louise, née Shanks. On his father's side he was of Dutch-Jewish descent; his grandfather ...

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Rayner, John Desmond (1924–2005), rabbi and liturgist, was born Hans Sigismund Rahmer, in Berlin, Germany, on 30 May 1924, the only son and younger child of Ferdinand Josef Adolf Rahmer (1887–1942?), chief French correspondent at Deutsche Bank, and his wife, Charlotte, née Landshut (1897–1942?)...

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Rollin, Henry Rapoport (1911–2014), psychiatrist, was born on 17 November 1911 at 82 Broad Street, Glasgow, the second of four children and the only son of Aaron Rapoport Rollin (1885–1972), a Jewish cabinet maker, and his wife Rebekka, née Sorkin (...

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Yates, Dora Esther (1879–1974), bibliographer and Romani scholar, was born on 26 November 1879 in Liverpool, seventh of eight children of George Samuel Yates (1834–1887), importer of leaf tobacco, and his wife, Hannah Keyser (1840–1934). Having taught herself to read English and Hebrew before she was five, she attended ...