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Butler, Basil Edward [name in religion Christopher Butler] (1902–1986), Roman Catholic bishop and theologian, was born in Reading on 7 May 1902, the second of four sons and third of six children of William Edward Butler, wine merchant, and his wife, Bertha Alice Bowman...

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Richard Challoner (1691–1781) by unknown engraver © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Challoner, Richard (1691–1781), religious writer and vicar apostolic of the London district, was born at or near Lewes, Sussex, on 29 September 1691, the only son of Richard Challoner (who died in the early 1690s), a wine cooper, and his wife, Grace Willard (1669–1731)...

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Gardiner, Stephen (c. 1495x8–1555), theologian, administrator, and bishop of Winchester, was born, according to John Bale, at Bury St Edmunds, and thus was probably the son of that name mentioned in the will of John Gardiner, a clothmaker from Bury, of 18 January 1507. His mother's name was probably ...

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MacCaghwell, Hugh [Hugo Cavellus, Aodh Mac Aingil] (1571?–1626), Roman Catholic archbishop of Armagh and theologian, was born at Sall, co. Down. The names of his parents are unknown, but he was a member of a bardic family originally seated at Clogher in ...

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John Milner (1752–1826) by Georges Antoine Keman St Mary's College, Oscott, Birmingham

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Milner, John (1752–1826), vicar apostolic of the midland district and religious controversialist, was born on 14 October 1752 in London, the son of Joseph Miller, tailor, and his wife, Helen Marsland; both were Catholics from Lancashire.

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John Henry Newman (1801–1890) by Heath & Beau, 1861 The Fathers of the Birmingham Oratory

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Newman, John Henry (1801–1890), theologian and cardinal, was born on 21 February 1801 at 80 Old Broad Street in the City of London. His father, John Newman (d. 1824), was a banker, the son of a London grocer, who originally came from ...