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Bagehot, Walter (1826–1877), political commentator, economist, and journalist, was born on 3 February 1826 at Langport, Somerset, the second son of Thomas Watson Bagehot (1795–1881), banker, and Edith Stuckey (1786–1870), a niece of Samuel Stuckey, founder in 1772 of Stuckey's Bank, which issued its own banknotes and enjoyed considerable prominence and respect in the west country. The first born, ...

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Walter Bagehot (1826–1877) by Norman Hirst, pubd 1891 (after Adolphe Beau, 1864) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barton, John (1789–1852), political economist and botanist, was born on 11 June 1789 in Southwark, London, the son of John Barton (1755–1789) and his second wife, Elizabeth, née Horne (1760–1833). He was the half-brother of Maria Hack, children's writer, and Bernard Barton, poet. The elder ...

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Bethel, Slingsby (bap. 1617, d. 1697), merchant and political economist, was baptized in Alne, in the North Riding of Yorkshire, on 27 February 1617, a younger son of Sir Walter Bethel (d. 1622), gentleman, and Mary Slingsby (1582–1662), daughter of Sir Henry Slingsby...

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Slingsby Bethel (bap. 1617, d. 1697) by William Sherwin, 1680 © Copyright The British Museum

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Coke, Roger (c. 1628–1704x7), political writer and economist, was the third son of Henry Coke (1591–1661), of Thorington, Suffolk, and his wife, Margaret, daughter and heir of Sir Richard Lovelace of Kingsdown, Kent. He was educated at Queens' College, Cambridge, where he 'became well vers'd in several Parts of Learning' though 'Mathematicks, for some time, seem'd to be his principal Study' (...

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Davenant, Charles (1656–1714), government official and political economist, was born in London on 17 November 1656, the eldest son of Sir William Davenant (1606–1668), the poet and playwright, and his third wife, French-born Henrietta Maria du Tremblay (d. 1691). He went to school in ...

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Decker, Sir Matthew, first baronet (1679–1749), political economist and merchant, was born in Amsterdam, the son of Derrick (Dirk) Decker, of Amsterdam, and his wife, Katherina. He received his commercial education under Burgomaster Velters of Amsterdam, but in 1702 travelled to London to establish himself as a merchant, and was naturalized in February 1704, at the second attempt. He then consolidated his business interests, and it was through trader and banker ...

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Devas, Charles Stanton (1848–1906), political economist, was born on 26 August 1848 at Long Ditton, Surrey, the second son of William Devas (d. 1870), a merchant, later of Old Windsor, Berkshire, and his wife, Martha Anne (d. 1894), daughter of Charles Stanton...

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Downing, Sir George, first baronet (1623–1684), diplomat and financial reformer, was born in Dublin in August 1623, the son of Emmanuel Downing (1585–1659), attorney and clerk, of the Inner Temple and Lucy (1601–1679), sister of John Winthrop, first governor of the colony of ...

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Edmonds, Thomas Rowe (1803–1889), actuary and political economist, was born on 20 June 1803 in Penzance, the third of seven children of Richard Edmonds (1774–1860), solicitor, and town clerk of Marazion, Cornwall, and his wife, Elizabeth (1770–1840), daughter of Thomas Nicholas and his wife, ...

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Forster, Nathaniel (1726–1790), writer on political economy, was baptized on 20 July 1726 at Crewkerne, Somerset, the son of the Revd Nathaniel Forster and his wife, Catherine Petvin. He was a cousin of the Oxford Plato scholar Nathaniel Forster. He matriculated at Balliol College, Oxford...

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Hankey, Thomson (1805–1893), politician and political economist, born at Dalston, Middlesex, on 5 June 1805, was the eldest son of the eight children of Thomson Hankey (bap. 1773, d. 1857) and his wife, Martha, daughter of Benjamin Harrison. He was descended from ...

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Horton, (James) Africanus Beale (1835–1883), army medical officer and political economist, was born in Gloucester village, Sierra Leone, on 1 June 1835, the son of James Horton (c.1791–1867), a carpenter, and his wife, Nancy. Both were of Igbo descent, members of the recaptive community, liberated there from slavery. ...

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Jones, Richard (1790–1855), political economist, was born on 12 August 1790 at Frant, Sussex, and baptized in September 1790 at the church of St Charles the Martyr, Tunbridge Wells. His father was Richard Jones, an eminent solicitor, whose family lived near Newtown, Montgomeryshire...

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King, Gregory (1648–1712), herald and political economist, was born at Lichfield, Staffordshire, on 15 December 1648, the eldest son of Gregory King (fl. 1648–1668), who was originally from Leicester, and his first wife, Elizabeth Andrews (d. 1668) of Sandwich in Kent...

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Larkworthy, Falconer (1833–1928), banker and political economist, was born at Weymouth on 22 March 1833, the elder son of Dr Ambrose Larkworthy (d. 1850), a surgeon resident in Bombay, and Amelia (d. c.1842), daughter of John Cooke, merchant and shipowner, of ...

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A. M. Clerke

revised by Alan Yoshioka

Lloyd, William Forster (1794–1852), political economist, was the son of Thomas Lloyd (d. 1815), rector of Aston-sub-Edge, Gloucestershire, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1814). He was the younger brother of Charles Lloyd (1784–1829), bishop of Oxford. Educated at Westminster School (captain in 1811), he was elected to ...

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(Thomas) Robert Malthus (1766–1834) by John Linnell, 1833 by kind permission of the Master and Council of Haileybury; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Malthus, (Thomas) Robert (1766–1834), political economist, was born on 13 February 1766 and baptized on 14 February at his parents' home, The Rookery, near Wotton, Surrey. In formal situations he used his full name, but in less formal correspondence referred to himself as ...