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Abbott, Charles Stuart Aubrey, third Baron Tenterden (1834–1882), diplomatist, was the son of the Hon. Charles Abbott (1803–1838), brother of John Henry, second Baron Tenterden, and of Emily Frances, née Stuart (d. 1886). He was born in Dean Street, Park Lane, London...

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See Abbott, Augustus

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A'Court, William, first Baron Heytesbury (1779–1860), diplomatist, was the eldest son of Sir William Pierce Ashe A'Court, first baronet (1747–1817), MP for Aylesbury, and his second wife, Letitia (d. 1821), daughter of Henry Wyndham of Salisbury. He was born in the cathedral close at ...

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W. P. Courtney

Reviser H. C. G. Matthew

Adair, Sir Robert (1763–1855), politician and diplomatist, was the son of Robert Adair, sergeant-surgeon to George III, and Lady Caroline Keppel. He was born on 24 May 1763, and was sent to Westminster School in 1773, and thence to the University of Göttingen...

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Sir Robert Adair (1763–1855) by Thomas Gainsborough, mid-1780s The Baltimore Museum of Art: The Jacob Epstein Collection, BMA 1951.109

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T. F. Henderson

Reviser Jonathan Harris

Adams, William (1772–1851), lawyer and diplomatist, the youngest son of Patience Thomas Adams, filazer of the court of king's bench, and Martha, daughter of Thomas Marsh, was born at 39 Hatton Garden, London, on 13 January 1772. On his father's side he was connected with an old ...

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Addington, Henry Unwin (1790–1870), diplomatist and civil servant, the second son of John Hiley Addington MP (d. 1818) and Mary (d. 1833), the daughter of Henry Unwin, and the nephew of Henry Addington, first Lord Sidmouth, was born on 24 March 1790. He was educated at ...

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Aglen, Sir Francis Arthur (1869–1932), official in the Chinese service, was born at Mulgrave House in Scarborough on 17 October 1869, the son of Archdeacon Anthony Stocker Aglen (1836-1908), later rector of St Ninian's, Alyth, Perthshire, and his wife, Margaret Elizabeth...

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Aglionby, William (1641–1705), diplomat and writer on art, was born in the summer of 1641, the second son of George Aglionby (d. 1643), who died shortly after being appointed dean of Canterbury by Charles I, and his wife, Sibilla Smith. George had previously been employed by the ...

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Ainslie, Sir Robert, first baronet (1729/30–1812), diplomatist and numismatist, was the third son of George Ainslie (d. 1773), merchant, and his wife, Jean, daughter of Sir Philip Anstruther of Anstrutherfield, Fife. He grew up with his two brothers and five sisters in ...

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Sir (John) Rutherford Alcock (1809–1897) by Lock & Whitfield, pubd 1877 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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R. K. Douglas

Reviser J. A. G. Roberts

Alcock, Sir (John) Rutherford (1809–1897), diplomatist, was born in Ealing in May 1809, the son of Thomas Alcock, a doctor practising at Ealing. He was educated at a school at Hexham, Northumberland, and as a medical student at Westminster Hospital and Royal Westminster Ophthalmic Hospital...

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Amherst, William Pitt, first Earl Amherst of Arracan (1773–1857), diplomatist and governor-general of Bengal, was born on 14 January 1773 in Bath, the first of three children of Lieutenant-General William Amherst (1732–1781), aide-de-camp to the king, governor of St John's, Newfoundland, and adjutant-general of the army, and his wife, ...

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William Pitt Amherst, first Earl Amherst of Arracan (1773–1857) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1821 Toledo Museum of Art, Ohio; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anstruther, Sir Robert (1578–1644/5?), diplomat and politician, was the second son of Sir James Anstruther (d. 1606), fiar of Anstruther, and Jean Scott of Abbotshall. His birth in Anstruther Wester, Fife, was recorded by his father on 23 April 1578. A graduate of ...

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Antelminelli, Alessandro [alias Amerigo Salvetti] (1572–1657), diplomat, was born in Lucca, the son of Bernardino Antelminelli (d. 1596), merchant. From 1580 his father was in contact with the agents of the grand duke of Tuscany, who wanted to organize a pro-Florentine party in ...

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Appleby, John (d. 1389), dean of St Paul's, London, and diplomat, exemplifies at once the excesses of careerism and the intellectual sophistication that characterized the upper ranks of the fourteenth-century English church. He was a native of Appleby, Westmorland, and the north of ...

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Arbuthnot, Charles (1767–1850), diplomatist and politician, was born on 14 March 1767, the third son of John Arbuthnot (1729–1797), merchant, of Ravensbury near Mitcham, Surrey, and his third wife, Anne (d. 1782), daughter of Richard Stone, a London banker. The father's enterprise failed early in his son's life but in 1782 he was appointed inspector-general of the ...

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Charles Arbuthnot (1767–1850) by Spiridione Gambardella, 1849 V&A Images, The Victoria and Albert Museum

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Ascham, Anthony (bap. 1614, d. 1650), diplomat and pamphleteer, was baptized on 6 March 1614 in Boston, Lincolnshire, the son of Thomas and Cicilly (d. 1634) Ascham or Ascombe. Little is known of his parents, though Allen states he was descended of the same family as ...