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Adams, Fanny (1859–1867), murder victim and source of a colloquial expression, was born on 30 April 1859 in Tanhouse Lane, Alton, Hampshire, the fourth of seven children of George Adams (b. 1830), a labourer, later a bricklayer, and his wife, Harriet Mills (...

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Anstey, Richard of (c. 1137–1194/5), litigant, was the son of Hubert The squire (armiger), the chamberlain of Matilda, countess of Boulogne (King Stephen's queen), and of his wife, Agnes, daughter of Richard de Sackville. Hubert held lands of the honour of ...

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Arden, Thomas (c. 1508–1551), murder victim, was the son of Margery Arden of Norwich, also known as Mother Arden. His career shows that he was well educated, almost certainly as a lawyer. By 1537 he was an assistant to Edward North, clerk of the ...

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Armstrong, Eliza (b. 1872), domestic servant and victim of abduction, was born at 9 Charles Street, Lisson Grove, in the Marylebone district of London on 18 April 1872 to Charles Armstrong, a chimney sweep, and Elizabeth, née Chivers, who were married in March 1874. The family later moved to ...

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Bowes, Mary Eleanor, countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne (1749–1800), heiress and victim of kidnapping, was born on 24 February 1749, the only child of George Bowes MP (1701–1760), of Streatlam Castle and Gibside, co. Durham, and his second wife, Mary (d. 1781)...

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Bulger, James Patrick (1990–1993), murder victim, was born in Liverpool on 16 March 1990, the first child of Ralph S. Bulger (b. 1964) and his wife, Denise Matthews (b. 1965). A younger brother was born after his death, and his parents separated in 1994. The family lived in ...

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Cholmondeley [née Holford], Mary, Lady Cholmondeley (bap. 1563, d. 1625), litigant, was baptized on 20 January 1563 at Nether Peover, Cheshire, the daughter of Christopher Holford (d. 1581) of Holford, Cheshire, and his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Randle Manwaring...

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Michael Bevan

Clench, Andrew (d. 1692), physician and victim of murder, was the son of Edmund Clench of Ipswich. He matriculated from St Catharine's College, Cambridge in 1663, and was created MD at Cambridge by royal mandate on 29 March 1671. Clench was admitted a candidate of the ...

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Coventry [née Master; other married name Pytts], Anne, countess of Coventry (1691–1788), plaintiff in a marriage settlement case, was born on 21 August 1691 and baptized on 23 August 1691 at St Andrew's, Holborn, Middlesex, the daughter of Sir Streynsham Master (1640–1724)...

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Dalrymple [née Campbell; other married name Primrose], Eleanor, countess of Stair (d. 1759), victim of marital abuse, was the seventh and youngest child of James Campbell, second earl of Loudoun (d. 1684), landowner, and his wife, Lady Margaret Montgomerie, daughter of ...

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Dighton, William (1717–1769), excise officer and murder victim, was born in 1717, though further details of his family and early life are unknown. His first post was in Gloucester in 1741; thereafter he worked in Evesham, Worcestershire, and Woodstock, Oxfordshire. By 1758 Dighton...

Image

Archibald James Edward Douglas, first Baron Douglas (1748–1827) by George Willison, 1769 in the collection of Lennoxlove House; photograph courtesy the Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Douglas [formerly Stewart], Archibald James Edward, first Baron Douglas (1748–1827), litigant and politician, the son of Sir John Stewart of Grandtully, third baronet (1687–1764), and his wife, Lady Jane Douglas (1698–1753), was born on 10 July 1748 at faubourg St Germain, Paris...

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Duston [née Emerson], Hannah (1657–1736?), captive of American Indians, was born in December 1657 in Haverhill, Massachusetts, one of fifteen children born to Michael Emerson, an English shoemaker and immigrant to the Massachusetts Bay colony, and his wife, Hannah, daughter of an original settler of ...

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Edalji, Shapurji (1841/2–1918), Church of England clergyman and victim of racial harassment, was born in Bombay, in late 1841 or early 1842, son of Doralji Edalji, a Parsi merchant. Educated at Elphinstone College, he was converted to Christianity in 1856, aged fourteen, by the ...

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Elliot, Adam (1645/6–1700), Church of England clergyman and slander victim, was born at Jedburgh, Roxburghshire, the son of Henry Elliot, clergyman. He matriculated at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, on 10 November 1664, aged eighteen, and graduated BA in 1669. Much of what is known about him appears in his memoir, ...

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Fenwick [née Benison], Ann (1724–1777), Roman Catholic litigant and heir, was the only child of Thomas Benison (1696–1735), a Lancaster attorney, and his wife, Ann Dowbiggin (1694–1762), widow of a Mr Winder. The Benisons had been landowners in Hornby and Roeburndale, a few miles west of ...

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Hastings, Sir Edward (1382–1438), soldier and litigant, was born on 21 May 1382 at Fenwick, Yorkshire, the second son of Sir Hugh Hastings (d. 1386/7) of Elsing, Norfolk, and great-grandson of Sir Hugh Hastings (c. 1310–1347). His father, a noted soldier, served on most of the principal campaigns of the 1370s and 1380s, and was a prominent retainer of ...

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Hugh of Lincoln [St Hugh of Lincoln, Little St Hugh] (c. 1246–1255), supposed victim of crucifixion, was the son of Beatrice of Lincoln. He is known as Little St Hugh to distinguish him from St Hugh, bishop of Lincoln (1140?–1200). His death, in all probability accidental, and most likely on 27 August 1255, was the catalyst for the accusation of ritual murder aimed at the Jewish community of ...

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Hunne, Richard (d. 1514), alleged murder victim, was a merchant tailor of the parish of St Margaret New Fish Street, London, and the son-in-law of Thomas Vincent, a leading member of the city's Lollard community. A wealthy man—Sir Thomas More later wrote that he was worth ...