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Barclay, Thomas (c. 1570–1632), jurist, was born in Aberdeen of unknown parents. He was sent to Bordeaux in the 1580s to study the Latin and Greek humanities and philosophy at the municipal Collège de Guyenne. This was one of the leading schools in ...

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Bicarton, Thomas (fl. 1570–1590), author and teacher of rhetoric, was probably born in St Andrews, where his father, John Bicarton, a saddler, was an early adherent of the protestant congregation—but an unruly member. In 1559 John had become trustee for the property of the expelled Dominican community. Five years later, by refusing to present one of ...

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Buckingham, Thomas (d. 1349), schoolman, probably came from Buckinghamshire. He is first recorded in 1324 as a fellow of Merton College, Oxford, a college which emphasized theology, and where he completed his studies for a master's degree c.1330, after which he began work on a doctorate. By 1338 he was commenting on the ...

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Burley, Adam (d. 1327/8), schoolman, was of unknown origins, though he may have been related to his older contemporary, the schoolman Walter Burley (d. 1345)—both, for instance, occupied positions vacated by James Berkeley, bishop of Exeter, and were granted these benefices by papal provision on the same day. ...

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Bythner, Victorinus (c. 1605–c. 1670), grammarian and university teacher, was born at Głębowicach in the Sandomierz district of south-eastern Poland, one of several sons of Bartholomäus Bythner (1559/60–1629), a Catholic theologian of Calvinistic beliefs and the author of several influential works highly regarded by European Catholics and protestants alike. The ...

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Étampes, Theobald d' (c. 1060–c. 1125), teacher and theologian, took his name from Étampes in the Île-de-France, where he was born. He spent his youth at Caen, in the abbey of St Étienne, where he would have known Lanfranc (d. 1089)...

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George Bagshawe Harrison (1894–1991) by Howard Coster, 1939 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Harrison, George Bagshawe (1894–1991), literary scholar, was born on 14 July 1894 at 6 Brunswick Place, Hove, Sussex, the fourth (and second surviving) of the five children of Dr Walter Harrison (1860–1939), dental surgeon, and his wife, Ada Louisa (b. 1861), daughter of ...

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Hourani, Albert Habib (1915–1993), historian and Arabist, was born on 31 March 1915 in Didsbury, south Manchester, the fifth of the six children of Fadlo Hourani (1871–1960), a textile exporter, and his wife, Soumaiya (1881–1943), daughter of the Revd Yuakim and Khazma Racy...

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John the Canon [Juan Marbres] (fl. 15th cent.), schoolman, is a historical riddle. His citations of positions held by Francesco da Marchia, Thomas the Englishman, Gerard Odon, and Pierre Aureole, and especially his close doctrinal attachment to John Duns Scotus, have enticed many historians, particularly ...

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Kapp, Gisbert Johann Eduard [Gilbert John Edward] (1852–1922), electrical engineer and university teacher, was born on 2 September 1852 in Mauer, Austria, the first of the two children of Johann Gisbert Sebastian Kapp, a senior civil servant, and his wife, Aloisia Theresia Young...

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Lucas, Anthony (1633–1693), Jesuit and experimental philosopher, was born on 18 October 1633 in co. Durham. From about 1650 he studied at the Jesuit school at St Omer in Flanders, and he entered the Society of Jesus in May 1662. The next year he joined the ...

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Menzies, John (1624–1684), Church of Scotland minister and religious controversialist, was born in Aberdeen. He was said to have been brought up a Roman Catholic, but must have converted to protestantism at an early age; his parents are unknown. He was admitted to ...

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Moor, Michael (1640–1726), classical scholar and university principal, was born in Bridge Street, Dublin, the son of Patrick Moore, a Roman Catholic merchant, and his wife, Mary Dowdall of Mountown. His initial education took place in Dublin and subsequently at the College of the Oratorians...

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Nuttgens, Patrick John (1930–2004), architect, broadcaster, and educationist, was born on 2 March 1930 at The Studio, Whiteleaf, Monks Risborough, Buckinghamshire, the second son and third of four children of Joseph Edward Nuttgens (1892–1982), professionally known as J. E. Nuttgens, a stained-glass artist of German origin, and his first wife, ...

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L. M. Middleton

revised by David S. Knight

Phillips, Arthur (1605–1695), organist and composer, was a younger son of William Phillips of Winchester. He matriculated at New College, Oxford, on 15 November 1622. He was appointed organist of Bristol Cathedral in 1638 and Magdalen College, Oxford, in 1639, and graduated BMus in 1640. From 1639, following in the footsteps of his predecessor at ...

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Renham, Henry de (fl. c. 1290), schoolman, is known only for having transcribed and glossed the corpus vetustius of Aristotle's works on natural philosophy, in a volume presented to Rochester Cathedral priory by Prior John de Renham, who died in 1294. It is possible that both ...

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Tournai, Simon de (c. 1130?–1201?), schoolman and theologian, undoubtedly took his name from Tournai in what is now Belgium. However, although Matthew Paris styles him 'a Frenchman by birth named Simon, taking his cognomen from Tournai' (Paris, Chron., 2.476...

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Urquhart, Francis Fortescue, of Urquhart [nicknamed Sligger] (1868–1934), bachelor don, was born on 1 September 1868 at 21 Malagnou, Geneva, the third (second surviving) son and fifth (last) child of David Urquhart (1805–1877), diplomatist and writer on international affairs, and his wife, ...

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Vinsauf, Geoffrey of [called Galfridus Anglicus] (fl. 1208–1213), poet and teacher of grammar and rhetoric, also called Anglicus, is best-known as the author of the Poetria nova ('The new poetics'), the single most successful textbook on rhetorical composition written during the middle ages. It is not known what his name means. What little is known about his life comes chiefly from the ...