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Bacon, John Mackenzie (1846–1904), astronomer and aviator, born at Lambourn Woodlands, Berkshire, on 19 June 1846, was the fourth son of John Bacon (1809–1871), vicar of Lambourn Woodlands, a friend and neighbour of Charles Kingsley and Tom Hughes, and his wife, Mary Lousada...

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Ball, Albert (1896–1917), airman, was born at 301 Lenton Boulevard, Nottingham, on 14 August 1896, the elder son and second of three surviving children of Sir Albert Ball (1863–1946), master plumber, land agent, and sometime mayor of Nottingham, and his first wife, Harriet Mary Page (...

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Albert Ball (1896–1917) by E. N. Birkett, c. 1915–16 The Imperial War Museum, London

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Beamont, Roland Prosper (1920–2001), air force officer and aviator, was born on 10 August 1920 at 8 Private Road, Enfield, Middlesex, the son of Lieutenant-Colonel Ernest Clement Beamont, a trade officer with the Foreign Office, and his wife, Dorothy Mary, née Haynes. Educated at ...

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Roland Prosper Beamont (1920–2001) by William Vanderson, 1958 [with the English Electric P1B Lightning at Farnborough] Getty Images

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Sir John Nelson Boothman (1901–1957) by Walter Stoneman, 1946 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Boothman, Sir John Nelson (1901–1957), air force officer and aviator, was born at Napier Road, Wembley, Middlesex, on 19 February 1901, the son of Thomas John Boothman, a railway clerk, and his wife, Mary, née Burgess. Educated at Harrow county school he was, in January 1918, too young to enlist in the British forces, so he joined the French ...

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Bruce [née Petre], Mildred Mary (1895–1990), motorist and aviator, was born on 10 November 1895 at Margaretting, Ingatestone, Essex, the daughter of Lawrence Joseph Petre (1864–1944), landowner, of Coptfold Hall, Essex, and his wife, Jennie Maginness, née Williams (d. 1943), an actress. She was educated at the convent of ...

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Butler [née Reid], Lois (1897–1970), aviator and skier, was born on 3 November 1897 at 275 Drummond Street, Montreal, Canada, the only daughter and second of the five children of Sir William Duff Reid (1866–1924) and his wife, Minnie Cormack (d...

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Cunningham, John [Cats-Eyes Cunningham] (1917–2002), aviator and businessman, was born on 27 July 1917 at Canley, 17 Castlemaine Avenue, Croydon, Surrey, the elder son and third of the four children of Arthur Gillespie Cunningham (d. 1930), company secretary of the Dunlop Rubber Company...

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Eilmer (b. c. 985, d. after 1066), pioneer of man-powered flight, was probably born in the 980s, dying not long after 1066. He was a monk of Malmesbury and all that is known of him is told by his fellow-monk William of Malmesbury...

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Fairweather [née Runciman], Margaret (1901–1944), airwoman, was born at West Denton Hall, near Newcastle upon Tyne, on 23 September 1901, the second in a family of two sons and three daughters of Walter Runciman, first Viscount Runciman (1870–1949), and his wife, Hilda Stevenson (1869–1956)...

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Douglas Graham Gilmour (1885–1912) by unknown photographer Sylvia Adams

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Gilmour, Douglas Graham (1885–1912), engineer and aviator, was born at Dartford, Kent, on 7 March 1885, the elder son of the large family of East India merchant David Gilmour (d. 1907), formerly of Shanghai, and his wife, Margaret Jane Muirhead (d...

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Gower [married name Fahie], Pauline Mary de Peauly (1910–1947), aviator, was born on 22 July 1910 at Tunbridge Wells, Kent, the younger of two daughters of Sir Robert Vaughan Gower (1880–1953), solicitor and Conservative MP, and his first wife, Dorothy Susie Elenor (1882–1936)...

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Pauline Mary de Peauly Gower (1910–1947) by Bassano, 1937 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Douglas Douglas- Hamilton, fourteenth duke of Hamilton and eleventh duke of Brandon (1903–1973) by Bassano, 1945 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hamilton, Douglas Douglas-, fourteenth duke of Hamilton and eleventh duke of Brandon (1903–1973), boxer, aviator, and politician, was born on 3 February 1903, the eldest of the seven children of Alfred Douglas-Hamilton, thirteenth duke of Hamilton (1862–1940), and his wife, Nina Mary Benita Douglas-Hamilton, ...

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Sophie Catherine Theresa Mary Heath, Lady Heath (1896–1939) by unknown photographer, 1926 © Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images

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Heath [née Peirce-Evans; other married name Eliott-Lynn], Sophie Catherine Theresa Mary, Lady Heath (1896–1939), aviator and athlete, was born at Knockaderry House, Knockaderry, near Newcastle West, co. Limerick, on 10 November 1896, the daughter of John Peirce-Evans (d. 1916), farmer, of ...