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Article

W. P. Courtney

revised by I. T. Foster

Aitken, Robert (1800–1873), Church of England clergyman, was born on 22 January 1800 at Crailing, near Jedburgh, a son of Robert Aitken, schoolmaster, and his wife, Ann Heron. He was educated at Jedburgh grammar school and the University of Edinburgh. As a young man he felt dissatisfaction with the presbyterianism of his upbringing and, under the influence of ...

Article

Baird, John (d. 1804), minister of the Presbyterian General Synod of Ulster and Church of Ireland clergyman, a native of Paisley, Renfrewshire, was educated at Edinburgh University, and in 1763 was ordained by the Edinburgh presbytery for a congregation in the Isle of Man...

Article

Balcanquhall, Walter (c. 1586–1645), dean of Rochester, was born in Edinburgh, one of three sons of Walter Balcanquhall (1548/9–1616), Church of Scotland minister, and his wife, Margaret Marjoribanks. He was educated at Edinburgh University, graduating MA on 27 July 1609. Admitted to Pembroke College, Cambridge...

Article

Bates, William (1625–1699), clergyman and ejected minister, was born in November 1625, the son of William Bates, gentleman, of St Mary Magdalene parish, Bermondsey, Surrey. He matriculated on 9 July 1641 at New Inn Hall, Oxford, but moved to Cambridge after the occupation of ...

Article

Blair, James (1655/6–1743), Church of England clergyman and founder of the College of William and Mary, was the son of Peter Blair (d. 1673), Church of Scotland minister of St Cuthbert's parish, Edinburgh, and his wife, Mary Hamilton (d. in or after 1696)...

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James Blair (1655/66–1743) by Charles Bridges Muscarelle Museum of Art, College of William and Mary

Article

Blair, John (d. 1782), Church of England clergyman and chronologist, was descended from the Blairs of Balthayock, Perthshire, although precise information about his parents, date of birth, and early years is lacking. He was born and educated in Edinburgh, where he trained for a career in the ...

Article

T. F. Henderson

revised by Sarah Couper

Brydson, Thomas (1804–1855), clergyman and poet, was born in Glasgow on 12 October 1804, the son of William Brydson, merchant, and his wife, Margaret, née MacGeorge. After completing courses of study at the universities of Glasgow and Edinburgh he became a licentiate of the established church of ...

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Claudius Buchanan (1766–1815) by Frederick Christian Lewis senior, pubd 1815 (after J. Slater, 1814) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Buchanan, Claudius (1766–1815), East India Company chaplain, was born on 12 March 1766 at Cambuslang, a village near Glasgow, the second son of Alexander Buchanan (d. 1788), schoolmaster at Inveraray, Argyll, and his wife, the daughter of Claudius Somers. He commenced his education at ...

Article

Clark, Andrew (1856–1922), Church of England clergyman, scholar, and diarist, was born on 5 June 1856 at Dollarfield, Clackmannanshire, the fifth son of Robert Clark, a farm worker, and his wife, Eliza Bowie. He was educated at Dollar Academy and from 1871 to 1875 at the ...

Article

Cockburn, John (1652–1729), Church of Scotland minister and Church of England clergyman, was born on 20 April 1652, the son of John Cockburn (c.1620–1658), a tailor in the Canongate, Edinburgh, and his wife, Sarah Inglis (d. 1688). In 1666 he entered ...

Article

Cockburn, Patrick (1678–1749), Scottish Episcopal clergyman, was the eldest son of John Cockburn (1652–1729), Church of Scotland minister, and his wife Anna (d. 1695), daughter of Alexander Garden, a leading cleric of the diocese of Aberdeen. Patrick was born at Udny, Aberdeenshire...

Article

Corbet, John (1603–1641), religious polemicist and Church of Scotland and Church of Ireland minister, was probably born in the Gorbals, Glasgow, the son of William Corbet, a portioner of the city. He graduated MA from Glasgow University in 1623, and as 'a Person of Good learning' was subsequently employed as a schoolmaster at ...

Article

Crow, Francis (1627–1692/3), clergyman and ejected minister, was the son of Patrick Crow of Heugh Head in Berwickshire, Scotland, and Elizabeth, daughter of John Clapperton, minister of Coldstream, Berwickshire. He studied theology at Sedan under Pierre du Moulin, but returned to Scotland and for a few months acted as usher under ...

Article

Cunningham, William (1849–1919), economic historian and Church of England clergyman, was born on 29 December 1849 at 50 Queen Street, Edinburgh, the second of three children born to James Cunningham, a lawyer, and his second wife, Elizabeth Boyle Dunlop, youngest daughter of Alexander Dunlop...

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William Cunningham (1849–1919) by William Strang, 1908 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Dawson, Benjamin (1729–1814), Church of England clergyman and philologist, was born in Halifax, the sixth of the seven sons of Eli Dawson (d. 1744), Presbyterian minister of Morley, Yorkshire, and his wife, Alice Taylor. He and his brother Thomas Dawson (c. 1725–1782)...

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Downing, Calybute (1606–1644), Church of England clergyman and author, was born in Shenington, Gloucestershire, the son of Calybute Downing (d. 1644), lord of the manor of Sugarswell in Tysoe, Warwickshire, and his wife, Ann Hoogan (d. 1630), daughter of Edmund Hoogan...

Article

Edalji, Shapurji (1841/2–1918), Church of England clergyman and victim of racial harassment, was born in Bombay, in late 1841 or early 1842, son of Doralji Edalji, a Parsi merchant. Educated at Elphinstone College, he was converted to Christianity in 1856, aged fourteen, by the ...