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Barmby, (John) Goodwyn (1820–1881), Chartist and socialist, was born at Yoxford in Suffolk and was baptized on 12 November 1820. His father, John, a solicitor, married to Julia, died when he was fourteen years old. Goodwyn—he never used his first Christian name—had no formal school education but read widely. He eschewed the professions and followed a career of social and political radicalism, reputedly addressing small audiences of agricultural labourers when aged sixteen....

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Baynes, John (1758–1787), lawyer and political reformer, was born in April 1758 (probably on the 6th) at Middleham in Yorkshire, the son of William Baynes of Middleham, who later moved to Embsay Kirk in Craven. After attending school at Bradford under Mr Butler...

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Caroline Ashurst Biggs (1840–1889) by Elizabeth S. Guinness, 1897 (after unknown photographer, c. 1875) The Mistress and Fellows, Girton College, Cambridge

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Biggs, Caroline Ashurst (1840–1889), novelist and campaigner for women's suffrage, was born in St Margaret's, Leicester, on 23 August 1840, the second daughter of Matilda Ashurst Biggs (1816/17–1866) and Joseph Biggs (1809–1895) [see under Biggs, John (1801-1871)], hosiery manufacturer, of Leicester...

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Biggs, John (1801–1871), hosier and political reformer, was born at Leicester, first of the seven children of John Biggs (1774–1827), hosier, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Heggs (1780–1862), of Arnesby, Leicestershire. By the time his father died in 1827 the firm of John Biggs & Sons...

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Collet Dobson Collet (1812–1898) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Collet, Collet Dobson (1812–1898), radical and tax reformer, was born on 31 December 1812 in London. He was the eldest son of John Dobson (1778–1827), a London merchant, and his wife (and first cousin), Elizabeth Barker (1787–1875). Collet assumed the name of his maternal grandparents, as did his sister, ...

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George Dyer (1755–1841) by Elizabeth Cristall, pubd 1795 (after Joshua Cristall) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Dyer, George (1755–1841), author and advocate of political reform, was born on 15 March 1755 in east London, the son of John Dyer, a shipwright of Bridewell, London. As a child he attended a charity school, and on 1 July 1762 entered Christ's Hospital...

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Flower, Eliza (1803–1846), radical and composer, was born at Harlow in Essex on 19 April 1803, the eldest daughter of Benjamin Flower (1755–1829), a Cambridge printer, and his wife, Eliza, née Gould (1770–1810), a schoolteacher, the eldest daughter of John Gould of Dodbroke...

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Foote, George William (1850–1915), radical journalist and secularist, was born at 2 How Street Cottages, Plymouth, on 11 January 1850, the son of William Thomas Foot, customs officer, who died when he was about four. He was brought up an Anglican by his mother, ...

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Gales, Joseph (1761–1841), newspaper proprietor and radical, was born at Eckington in north Derbyshire on 4 February 1761, the eldest son of Thomas Gales, a village school teacher. His early years were spent assisting his father, after which he was apprenticed to a printer in ...

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Joseph Hanson (1774–1811) by George Clint, before 1854 (after Charles Allingham) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hanson, Joseph (1774–1811), radical and ‘the weavers' friend’, was born on 17 October 1774, the son of William Hanson (1728/9–1798), a merchant–manufacturer of checks and cotton goods of Cannon Street, Manchester, and his wife, Mary, née Wagstaff (1749/50–1822). He was baptized on 30 October 1774 at ...

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Hollis, Thomas Brand (c. 1719–1804), radical, was born Thomas Brand at The Hyde, near Ingatestone, Essex, the only son among three children of Timothy Brand (d. 1734), who had retired from his mercer's business in London, and Sarah (d. 1744), daughter of ...

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Howey, (Rose) Elsie Neville (1884–1963), suffragette, was born at Finningley, Nottinghamshire, on 1 December 1884, the daughter of Thomas Howey (1851/2–1887), rector of Finningley, and his wife, Emily Gertrude (née Oldfield). Following Thomas Howey's death, the family moved to the Malvern area which remained ...

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John Jebb (1736–1786) by Charles Knight, pubd 1782 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Jebb, John (1736–1786), religious and political reformer, was born on 16 February 1736 at Southampton Street, Covent Garden, London, the eldest son of Dr John Jebb (d. 1787), dean of Cashell, Ireland, and Ann, daughter of Daniel Gansel of Donyland Hall, near ...