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Barbara Brandon Schnorrenberg

Aikin, Lucy (1781–1864), historian, the fourth child and only daughter of John Aikin MD (1747–1822), and his wife, Martha Jennings (d. 1830), was born in Warrington on 6 November 1781. Her three brothers were Arthur Aikin, Charles Rochemont Aikin, and Edmund Aikin...

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Lucy Aikin (1781–1864) by unknown photographer private collection; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Austin [née Taylor], Sarah (1793–1867), translator and writer, was born in Colegate, Norwich, on 1 April 1793, the youngest of seven children of John Taylor (1750–1826), a wool and yarn manufacturer, and his wife, Susanna Taylor, née Cook (1755–1823) [see under...

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Axon, William Edward Armytage (1846–1913), librarian and antiquary, was born on 13 January 1846, at 12 Honduras Street, Chorlton-on-Medlock, Manchester. He was the illegitimate son of Edward Armytage, clothing manufacturer, and Lydia Whitehead, a servant girl in his household, aged fifteen. Lydia Whitehead...

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Alexander Gordon

revised by Rosemary Mitchell

Bache, Sarah (1771–1844), schoolmistress, was born at Bromsgrove, but was brought up in Worcester by close relatives named Laugher. With them, she attended the chapel of the Revd Thomas Belsham, a prominent Unitarian minister. She had many close connections within the Unitarian community: the ...

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Baker, George (1781–1851), county historian, the son of Richard Baker and his wife, Ann, was born in Northampton and lived there all his life. As a thirteen-year-old schoolboy at Mr Comfield's establishment in Horsemarket, Northampton, he wrote a manuscript history of Northampton and a life of ...

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Barham, Thomas Foster (1794–1869), physician and classical scholar, was born at Hendon, Middlesex, on 10 September 1794, the eldest son of six children born to Thomas Foster Barham (1766–1844) and his wife, Mary Ann Morton. Among his brothers, William Foster Barham (1802–1845) was a writer, ...

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Barritt, Thomas (1743–1820), antiquary, was born at Hanging Ditch in Manchester, of a family which originated in Derbyshire but had latterly settled in south-east Lancashire. His father, John Barritt, was the first of the family to live in Manchester. Throughout his adult life ...

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Beard, Charles (1827–1888), Unitarian minister, scholar, and journal editor, was born at Higher Broughton, Manchester, on 27 July 1827, the eldest son of John Relly Beard (1800–1876), Unitarian minister at Salford, and his wife, Mary Barnes (1802–1887). Educated at his father's school, he studied at ...

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Beard, John Relly (1800–1876), Unitarian minister and educationist, was born on 4 August 1800 at 24 Charlotte Row, Landport, Portsmouth, the eldest of the nine children of John Beard (1775–1831) and his wife, Ann Paine (1777/8–1864). His father was a small tradesman and the family lived in comparative poverty. This, combined with his father's religious evolution out of a rigid Calvinism, helped to make ...

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Benn, George (1801–1882), historian, was born on 1 January 1801 at Tandragee, co. Armagh, the fourth of six children of John Benn (1767–1853), a brewer. His obituarist noted that George attributed his unionist sympathies to the fact that he was born on the day the ...

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Beveridge [née Akroyd], Annette Susannah (1842–1929), orientalist, was born in Mount Street, Stourbridge, Worcestershire, on 13 December 1842, the third child and daughter surviving to adulthood of William Akroyd (d. 1869), a currier, and his wife, Sarah, née Walford, a daughter of the local livery stable owner. After his wife's death in 1849, ...

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See Biggs, Matilda Ashurst

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Charles Booth (1840–1916) by George Frederic Watts, c. 1901 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Booth, Charles (1840–1916), shipowner and social investigator, was born on 30 March 1840 at 27 Bedford North Street, Liverpool. He was the third son of Charles Booth (1799–1860), a prosperous corn merchant, and his first wife, Emily Fletcher (1803–1853). Both his parents were Unitarians, and had wide connections among the commercial, dissenting, and philanthropic ‘aristocracy’ of ...

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Bostock, Elizabeth Anne [Eliza] (1817–1898), promoter of women's education, was born in Liverpool, the only child of John Bostock (1772–1846), doctor of medicine, and his wife, Anne Yates (d. 1863). Her father, a Unitarian, assumed much of the responsibility for her early education. He taught her Italian, took her to lectures given by ...

Article

Alexander Gordon

revised by M. C. Curthoys

Bowman, Eddowes (1810–1869), teacher and classical scholar, eldest son of John Eddowes Bowman the elder (1785–1841), and Elizabeth Eddowes (1788–1859), his cousin, was born at Nantwich on 12 November 1810. He was educated chiefly at Hazelwood, near Birmingham, by Thomas Wright Hill, father of ...

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Shirley Burgoyne Black

Brent, John (1808–1882), antiquary and author, was born at Rotherhithe on 21 August 1808, the eldest son of John Brent, a shipbuilder, who moved to Canterbury about 1821, became mayor of the city on three occasions, and was deputy lieutenant for the county. His mother was ...

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Briggs, Katharine Mary (1898–1980), writer and folklorist, was born on 8 November 1898 at 102 Fellows Road, Hampstead, eldest daughter of Ernest Edward Briggs (1866–1913) and his wife, Mary Cooper (1867–1956). Her father belonged to a wealthy Unitarian family in Yorkshire, engaged in mining, banking, and various industrial enterprises; he made an unconventional but happy marriage with a farmer's daughter. After a serious illness at sixteen he had given up a career in the family firm for the ...

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Buckton [née Williams], Catherine Mary (1826/7–1904), promoter of household science teaching, was born in London, the daughter of John Morgan Williams, a surgeon, later of Llandaff, Glamorgan. On 22 March 1849 she married Joseph Buckton, a Leeds cloth merchant, with whom she had a son and a daughter. She was a founder member of the ...