1-20 of 21 results  for:

  • Independent x
Clear all

Article

Berry, James (d. 1691), parliamentarian army officer and major-general, was in the late 1630s employed as a clerk in an ironworks in the west midlands. He was a friend of the puritan divine Richard Baxter with whom he shared a house for some time. ...

Article

Cash, John (1822–1880), ribbon manufacturer, was born on 16 February 1822 at Sherbourne House, Coventry, the eldest son of Joseph Cash, a Quaker stuff merchant and leading businessman. John's younger brother Joseph Cash (1826–1880), ribbon manufacturer, was born on 28 October 1826 at the same address. After serving seven-year apprenticeships with stuff merchants and so becoming entitled to become freemen of the city, the brothers operated a silk ribbon-making business from a warehouse in ...

Article

Crewdson, Isaac (1780–1844), Quaker seceder, was the elder son of Thomas Crewdson and Cicely (née Dillworth) of Kendal, Westmorland. He was born there on 6 June 1780, and at fourteen settled at Ardwick, Manchester, where he became a successful textile manufacturer. On 27 July 1803 he married ...

Article

Crook, John (1616/17–1699), Quaker leader and writer, was born in the north of England of wealthy parents. Educated in London from the age of ten until he was seventeen, he was subsequently apprenticed, possibly to a lace merchant. During the civil war he served as a captain in the parliamentarian army, and in 1647 he married ...

Article

Davies, Richard (bap. 1635, d. 1708), Quaker preacher and autobiographer, was baptized on 22 March 1635 at Welshpool, Montgomeryshire, the son of Edward Davies. The name of his mother is unknown.

Richard Davies's parents had a small estate and he was given 'a little learning' (...

Article

Dewsbury, William (c. 1621–1688), Quaker activist, was born and raised in Allerthorpe, in the East Riding of Yorkshire. Of his father and mother nothing is known, beyond the speculation by Smith that William's father died when he was eight years old. Dewsbury's upbringing, working life, and religious experiences are discussed in his ...

Article

Eccles, Solomon (1617?–1682), musician and Quaker missionary, was probably baptized on 14 September 1617 at Hatfield, Hertfordshire, the son of Solomon Eccles. His father was a musician, but little else is known of Eccles's early life. He appears to have lived at ...

Article

Evans [née Canual or Canval], Katharine (c. 1618–1692), Quaker missionary, declared to the Maltese inquisition in 1658 that she was the daughter of Anne and Roger ‘Canual’ and that she was then aged about forty; this was an Italian rendering of her maiden name, which may have been ...

Article

Fenwick, John (1617/18–1683), settler in America, was the second of four sons of William Fenwick (1581–1647), landowner, of Stanton Hall, Northumberland, and his wife, Elizabeth (bap. 15 Feb 1578), daughter of Sir Cotton Gargrave of Nostell, Yorkshire. John Fenwick was entered at ...

Article

Gratton, John (1642/3–1712), Quaker preacher and writer, was born at Bonsall, Derbyshire, the son of a yeoman or farmer. As a boy Gratton tended his father's sheep, and subsequently went to Chesterfield as an apprentice to his grandfather. Fond of card playing, shooting, and bell-ringing, he was also spiritually sensitive, making an effort in the 1650s to hear noted preachers. Although he belonged to a presbyterian church, the doctrine of predestination troubled him, causing him to fear he was reprobate. Following the Ejection in August 1662 he attended Anglican services, but found the liturgy barren and lifeless. For a time he worshipped in a mixed congregation of presbyterians, Independents, and Baptists, but he quickly tired of their internal disputes and began attending services at an Independent church in ...

Article

Howard, Luke (1621–1699), Quaker activist and writer, was born at Dover on 18 October 1621, the son of Robert Howard (c.1580–1625), a shoemaker, and his wife, Susanna. His mother married a butcher when Luke was eight, but when he came to decide on his future occupation 'something in my Conscience … stirred against Evil, and made me dislike a Butcher's Life and Trade' (...

Article

Howgill, Francis (1618?–1669), Quaker activist, was born probably in 1618, in the small village of Todthorne, near Grayrigg, Westmorland. His father was possibly a yeoman, though nothing else of his parentage is known. One near-contemporary record of Quaker preaching, though, does seem to indicate that ...

Article

Jaffray, Alexander (1614–1673), politician and Quaker leader, was born in Aberdeen in July 1614, a son of Alexander Jaffray (d. 1645), provost of the city, and Magdalen Erskine of Pittodrie (d. 1640). He was educated at Aberdeen grammar school and at schools in ...

Article

John ap John (c. 1625–1697), Quaker leader, possibly the son of John ap John, was born at Pen-y-cefn in Coed Cristionydd township, Ruabon, Denbighshire. Upon his marriage in 1663 to Catherine Edwards (d. 1695), the widow of David ab Edward, John ap John...

Article

Mead, William (c. 1627–1713), Quaker patron and merchant, lived in London, where he became a prosperous linen draper and merchant; he was also a member of the Company of Merchant Taylors. He served as captain of a trained band and was a Seeker in religion, joining the presbyterians and Independents among others before finally becoming a Quaker early in 1670. Later that year, on 14 August, he was present at a large and crowded meeting in ...

Article

Meidel, Christopher (b. c. 1659, d. in or before 1715), Quaker minister and translator, was born probably in Skien, Norway, one of three or more children of Gert Meidel (c.1606–1696), a shipowner of Langesund, and his wife, Elen, whose surname was probably ...

Article

Nayler, James (1618–1660), Quaker preacher and writer, was born at West Ardsley, near Wakefield, in the West Riding of Yorkshire. His father seems to have been an independent farmer of some means, but nothing is known of the extent of his holdings or of the family's religious opinions. ...

Article

Parke, James (1636–1696), Quaker preacher and writer, was possibly born in Lancashire. In the 1650s he was living in or near Wrexham, Denbighshire, where he was almost certainly a member of Morgan Llwyd's Independent congregation. By 1663 he had become a Quaker, possibly before he returned to ...

Article

Penington, Isaac (1616–1679), Quaker and writer, was born in London, the eldest son of Isaac Penington (c. 1584–1661), alderman, and his first wife, Abigail (b. 1588), daughter of the London merchant John Allen. He was admitted to the Inner Temple in November 1634 and called to the bar on 3 November 1639. In the meantime he matriculated from ...

Article

Smith, William (d. 1673), religious writer, was born in Besthorpe, Nottinghamshire, where he lived for most of his life. Little is known of his parentage and background except that he was 'a man of good esteem in his country, and educated after the manner of the better sort of yeomens' sons' (...